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182,753
Saliency detection: A spectral residual approach
 In IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR07). IEEE Computer Society
, 2007
"... The ability of human visual system to detect visual saliency is extraordinarily fast and reliable. However, computational modeling of this basic intelligent behavior still remains a challenge. This paper presents a simple method for the visual saliency detection. Our model is independent of features ..."
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Cited by 325 (10 self)
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of features, categories, or other forms of prior knowledge of the objects. By analyzing the logspectrum of an input image, we extract the spectral residual of an image in spectral domain, and propose a fast method to construct the corresponding saliency map in spatial domain. We test this model on both
Temporal spectral residual: fast motion saliency detection
 In MM
, 2009
"... Saliency detection has attracted much attention in recent years. It aims at locating semantic regions in images for further image understanding. In this paper, we address the issue of motion saliency detection for video content analysis. Inspired by the idea of Spectral Residual for image saliency d ..."
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Cited by 7 (1 self)
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Saliency detection has attracted much attention in recent years. It aims at locating semantic regions in images for further image understanding. In this paper, we address the issue of motion saliency detection for video content analysis. Inspired by the idea of Spectral Residual for image saliency
Cognitive Radio: BrainEmpowered Wireless Communications
, 2005
"... Cognitive radio is viewed as a novel approach for improving the utilization of a precious natural resource: the radio electromagnetic spectrum. The cognitive radio, built on a softwaredefined radio, is defined as an intelligent wireless communication system that is aware of its environment and use ..."
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Cited by 1479 (4 self)
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Cognitive radio is viewed as a novel approach for improving the utilization of a precious natural resource: the radio electromagnetic spectrum. The cognitive radio, built on a softwaredefined radio, is defined as an intelligent wireless communication system that is aware of its environment and uses the methodology of understandingbybuilding to learn from the environment and adapt to statistical variations in the input stimuli, with two primary objectives in mind: • highly reliable communication whenever and wherever needed; • efficient utilization of the radio spectrum. Following the discussion of interference temperature as a new metric for the quantification and management of interference, the paper addresses three fundamental cognitive tasks. 1) Radioscene analysis. 2) Channelstate estimation and predictive modeling. 3) Transmitpower control and dynamic spectrum management. This paper also discusses the emergent behavior of cognitive radio.
Detection of Abrupt Changes: Theory and Application
 HTTP://PEOPLE.IRISA.FR/MICHELE.BASSEVILLE/KNIGA/
, 1993
"... ..."
Comparison of parametric representations for monosyllabic word recognition in continuously spoken sentences
 ACOUSTICS, SPEECH AND SIGNAL PROCESSING, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON
, 1980
"... Several parametric representations of the acoustic signal were compared as to word recognition performance in a syllableoriented continuous speech recognition system. The vocabulary included many phonetically similar monosyllabic words, therefore the emphasis was on ability to retain phonetically ..."
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Cited by 1089 (2 self)
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Several parametric representations of the acoustic signal were compared as to word recognition performance in a syllableoriented continuous speech recognition system. The vocabulary included many phonetically similar monosyllabic words, therefore the emphasis was on ability to retain phonetically significant acoustic information in the face of syntactic and duration variations. For each ~ arameter set (based on a melfrequency cepstrum, a linear frequency cepstrum, a linear prediction cepstrum, a linear prediction spectrum, or a set of reflection coefficients), word templates were generated using an efficient dynamic method, and test data were time registered wi th the templates. A set of ten melfrequency cepstrum coefficients computed every 6 " 4 ms resulted in the best performance, namely 96.. 5 % and 9500 % recognition with each of two speakers.. The superior performance of the melfrequency cepstrum coefficients may be attributed to the fact that they better represent the perceptually relevant aspects of the shortterm speech spectrum.
Image denoising using a scale mixture of Gaussians in the wavelet domain
 IEEE TRANS IMAGE PROCESSING
, 2003
"... We describe a method for removing noise from digital images, based on a statistical model of the coefficients of an overcomplete multiscale oriented basis. Neighborhoods of coefficients at adjacent positions and scales are modeled as the product of two independent random variables: a Gaussian vecto ..."
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Cited by 514 (17 self)
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We describe a method for removing noise from digital images, based on a statistical model of the coefficients of an overcomplete multiscale oriented basis. Neighborhoods of coefficients at adjacent positions and scales are modeled as the product of two independent random variables: a Gaussian vector and a hidden positive scalar multiplier. The latter modulates the local variance of the coefficients in the neighborhood, and is thus able to account for the empirically observed correlation between the coefficient amplitudes. Under this model, the Bayesian least squares estimate of each coefficient reduces to a weighted average of the local linear estimates over all possible values of the hidden multiplier variable. We demonstrate through simulations with images contaminated by additive white Gaussian noise that the performance of this method substantially surpasses that of previously published methods, both visually and in terms of mean squared error.
A Simple Estimator of Cointegrating Vectors in Higher Order Cointegrated Systems
 ECONOMETRICA
, 1993
"... Efficient estimators of cointegrating vectors are presented for systems involving deterministic components and variables of differing, higher orders of integration. The estimators are computed using GLS or OLS, and Wald Statistics constructed from these estimators have asymptotic x2 distributions. T ..."
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Cited by 507 (3 self)
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Efficient estimators of cointegrating vectors are presented for systems involving deterministic components and variables of differing, higher orders of integration. The estimators are computed using GLS or OLS, and Wald Statistics constructed from these estimators have asymptotic x2 distributions. These and previously proposed estimators of cointegrating vectors are used to study longrun U.S. money (Ml) demand. Ml demand is found to be stable over 19001989; the 95 % confidence intervals for the income elasticity and interest rate semielasticity are (.88,1.06) and (.13,.08), respectively. Estimates based on the postwar data alone, however, are unstable, with variances which indicate substantial sampling uncertainty.
Stochastic Perturbation Theory
, 1988
"... . In this paper classical matrix perturbation theory is approached from a probabilistic point of view. The perturbed quantity is approximated by a firstorder perturbation expansion, in which the perturbation is assumed to be random. This permits the computation of statistics estimating the variatio ..."
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Cited by 886 (35 self)
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. In this paper classical matrix perturbation theory is approached from a probabilistic point of view. The perturbed quantity is approximated by a firstorder perturbation expansion, in which the perturbation is assumed to be random. This permits the computation of statistics estimating the variation in the perturbed quantity. Up to the higherorder terms that are ignored in the expansion, these statistics tend to be more realistic than perturbation bounds obtained in terms of norms. The technique is applied to a number of problems in matrix perturbation theory, including least squares and the eigenvalue problem. Key words. perturbation theory, random matrix, linear system, least squares, eigenvalue, eigenvector, invariant subspace, singular value AMS(MOS) subject classifications. 15A06, 15A12, 15A18, 15A52, 15A60 1. Introduction. Let A be a matrix and let F be a matrix valued function of A. Two principal problems of matrix perturbation theory are the following. Given a matrix E, pr...
Lag length selection and the construction of unit root tests with good size and power
 Econometrica
, 2001
"... It is widely known that when there are errors with a movingaverage root close to −1, a high order augmented autoregression is necessary for unit root tests to have good size, but that information criteria such as the AIC and the BIC tend to select a truncation lag (k) that is very small. We conside ..."
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Cited by 534 (14 self)
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It is widely known that when there are errors with a movingaverage root close to −1, a high order augmented autoregression is necessary for unit root tests to have good size, but that information criteria such as the AIC and the BIC tend to select a truncation lag (k) that is very small. We consider a class of Modified Information Criteria (MIC) with a penalty factor that is sample dependent. It takes into account the fact that the bias in the sum of the autoregressive coefficients is highly dependent on k and adapts to the type of deterministic components present. We use a local asymptotic framework in which the movingaverage root is local to −1 to document how the MIC performs better in selecting appropriate values of k. In montecarlo experiments, the MIC is found to yield huge size improvements to the DF GLS and the feasible point optimal PT test developed in Elliott, Rothenberg and Stock (1996). We also extend the M tests developed in Perron and Ng (1996) to allow for GLS detrending of the data. The MIC along with GLS detrended data yield a set of tests with desirable size and power properties.
Results 1  10
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182,753