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Constraint Symmetry and Solution Symmetry∗
"... Symmetry in constraint satisfaction problems (CSPs) has been considered in two fundamentally different ways: as an operation preserving the solutions of a CSP instance, or as an operation preserving the constraints. To reflect these two views, we define solution symmetry and constraint symmetry. We ..."
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Cited by 1 (0 self)
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Symmetry in constraint satisfaction problems (CSPs) has been considered in two fundamentally different ways: as an operation preserving the solutions of a CSP instance, or as an operation preserving the constraints. To reflect these two views, we define solution symmetry and constraint symmetry
Homological Algebra of Mirror Symmetry
 in Proceedings of the International Congress of Mathematicians
, 1994
"... Mirror Symmetry was discovered several years ago in string theory as a duality between families of 3dimensional CalabiYau manifolds (more precisely, complex algebraic manifolds possessing holomorphic volume elements without zeroes). The name comes from the symmetry among Hodge numbers. For dual Ca ..."
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Cited by 529 (3 self)
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Mirror Symmetry was discovered several years ago in string theory as a duality between families of 3dimensional CalabiYau manifolds (more precisely, complex algebraic manifolds possessing holomorphic volume elements without zeroes). The name comes from the symmetry among Hodge numbers. For dual
Symmetry and Related Properties via the Maximum Principle
, 1979
"... We prove symmetry, and some related properties, of positive solutions of second order elliptic equations. Our methods employ various forms of the maximum principle, and a device of moving parallel planes to a critical position, and then showing that the solution is symmetric about the limiting plan ..."
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Cited by 539 (4 self)
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We prove symmetry, and some related properties, of positive solutions of second order elliptic equations. Our methods employ various forms of the maximum principle, and a device of moving parallel planes to a critical position, and then showing that the solution is symmetric about the limiting
The Nash Bargaining Solution in Economic Modeling
 Rand Journal of Economics
, 1986
"... This article establishes the relationship between the static axiomatic theory of bargaining and the sequential strategic approach to bargaining. We consider two strategic models of alternating offers. The models differ in the source of the incentive of the bargaining parties to reach agreement: the ..."
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Cited by 556 (1 self)
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: the bargainers ' time preference and the risk of breakdown of negotiation. Each of the models has a unique perfect equilibrium. When the motivation to reach agreement is made negligible, in each model the unique perfect equilibrium outcome approaches the Nash bargaining solution, with utilities that reflect
Closedform solution of absolute orientation using unit quaternions
 J. Opt. Soc. Am. A
, 1987
"... Finding the relationship between two coordinate systems using pairs of measurements of the coordinates of a number of points in both systems is a classic photogrammetric task. It finds applications in stereophotogrammetry and in robotics. I present here a closedform solution to the leastsquares pr ..."
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Cited by 973 (4 self)
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squares problem for three or more points. Currently various empirical, graphical, and numerical iterative methods are in use. Derivation of the solution is simplified by use of unit quaternions to represent rotation. I emphasize a symmetry property that a solution to this problem ought to possess. The best
Gravity with Gravitas: a Solution to the Border Puzzle
, 2001
"... Gravity equations have been widely used to infer trade ow effects of various institutional arrangements. We show that estimated gravity equations do not have a theoretical foundation. This implies both that estimation suffers from omitted variables bias and that comparative statics analysis is unfo ..."
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Cited by 610 (3 self)
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Gravity equations have been widely used to infer trade ow effects of various institutional arrangements. We show that estimated gravity equations do not have a theoretical foundation. This implies both that estimation suffers from omitted variables bias and that comparative statics analysis is unfounded. We develop a method that (i) consistently and ef ciently estimates a theoretical gravity equation and (ii) correctly calculates the comparative statics of trade frictions. We apply the method to solve the famous McCallum border puzzle. Applying our method, we nd that national borders reduce trade between industrialized countries by moderate amounts of 20–50 percent.
Dual polyhedra and mirror symmetry for Calabi–Yau hypersurfaces in toric varieties
 J. Alg. Geom
, 1994
"... We consider families F(∆) consisting of complex (n − 1)dimensional projective algebraic compactifications of ∆regular affine hypersurfaces Zf defined by Laurent polynomials f with a fixed ndimensional Newton polyhedron ∆ in ndimensional algebraic torus T = (C ∗ ) n. If the family F(∆) defined by ..."
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Cited by 467 (20 self)
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that the properties of this duality coincide with the properties of Mirror Symmetry discovered by physicists for CalabiYau 3folds. Our method allows to construct many new examples of CalabiYau 3folds and new candidates for their mirrors which were previously unknown for physicists. We conjecture that there exists
A solution to Plato’s problem: The latent semantic analysis theory of acquisition, induction, and representation of knowledge
 PSYCHOLOGICAL REVIEW
, 1997
"... How do people know as much as they do with as little information as they get? The problem takes many forms; learning vocabulary from text is an especially dramatic and convenient case for research. A new general theory of acquired similarity and knowledge representation, latent semantic analysis (LS ..."
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Cited by 1772 (10 self)
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How do people know as much as they do with as little information as they get? The problem takes many forms; learning vocabulary from text is an especially dramatic and convenient case for research. A new general theory of acquired similarity and knowledge representation, latent semantic analysis (LSA), is presented and used to successfully simulate such learning and several other psycholinguistic phenomena. By inducing global knowledge indirectly from local cooccurrence data in a large body of representative text, LSA acquired knowledge about the full vocabulary of English at a comparable rate to schoolchildren. LSA uses no prior linguistic or perceptual similarity knowledge; it is based solely on a general mathematical learning method that achieves powerful inductive effects by extracting the right number of dimensions (e.g., 300) to represent objects and contexts. Relations to other theories, phenomena, and problems are sketched.
Hierarchies from Fluxes in String Compactifications
, 2002
"... Warped compactifications with significant warping provide one of the few known mechanisms for naturally generating large hierarchies of physical scales. We demonstrate that this mechanism is realizable in string theory, and give examples involving orientifold compactifications of IIB string theory a ..."
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Cited by 724 (33 self)
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and Ftheory compactifications on CalabiYau fourfolds. In each case, the hierarchy of scales is fixed by a choice of RR and NS fluxes in the compact manifold. Our solutions involve compactifications of the KlebanovStrassler gravity dual to a confining N = 1 supersymmetric gauge theory
Orthonormal bases of compactly supported wavelets
, 1993
"... Several variations are given on the construction of orthonormal bases of wavelets with compact support. They have, respectively, more symmetry, more regularity, or more vanishing moments for the scaling function than the examples constructed in Daubechies [Comm. Pure Appl. Math., 41 (1988), pp. 90 ..."
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Cited by 2182 (27 self)
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Several variations are given on the construction of orthonormal bases of wavelets with compact support. They have, respectively, more symmetry, more regularity, or more vanishing moments for the scaling function than the examples constructed in Daubechies [Comm. Pure Appl. Math., 41 (1988), pp
Results 1  10
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445,889