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Loopy belief propagation for approximate inference: An empirical study. In:
 Proceedings of Uncertainty in AI,
, 1999
"... Abstract Recently, researchers have demonstrated that "loopy belief propagation" the use of Pearl's polytree algorithm in a Bayesian network with loops can perform well in the context of errorcorrecting codes. The most dramatic instance of this is the near Shannonlimit performanc ..."
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Cited by 674 (15 self)
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to converge if none of the beliefs in successive iterations changed by more than a small threshold (104). All messages were initialized to a vector of ones; random initializa tion yielded similar results, since the initial conditions rapidly get "washed out" . For comparison, we also implemented
The structure and function of complex networks
 SIAM REVIEW
, 2003
"... Inspired by empirical studies of networked systems such as the Internet, social networks, and biological networks, researchers have in recent years developed a variety of techniques and models to help us understand or predict the behavior of these systems. Here we review developments in this field, ..."
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Cited by 2600 (7 self)
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, including such concepts as the smallworld effect, degree distributions, clustering, network correlations, random graph models, models of network growth and preferential attachment, and dynamical processes taking place on networks.
Clustering by passing messages between data points
 Science
, 2007
"... Clustering data by identifying a subset of representative examples is important for processing sensory signals and detecting patterns in data. Such “exemplars ” can be found by randomly choosing an initial subset of data points and then iteratively refining it, but this works well only if that initi ..."
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Cited by 699 (8 self)
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Clustering data by identifying a subset of representative examples is important for processing sensory signals and detecting patterns in data. Such “exemplars ” can be found by randomly choosing an initial subset of data points and then iteratively refining it, but this works well only
Estimating the Support of a HighDimensional Distribution
, 1999
"... Suppose you are given some dataset drawn from an underlying probability distribution P and you want to estimate a "simple" subset S of input space such that the probability that a test point drawn from P lies outside of S is bounded by some a priori specified between 0 and 1. We propo ..."
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Cited by 781 (29 self)
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propose a method to approach this problem by trying to estimate a function f which is positive on S and negative on the complement. The functional form of f is given by a kernel expansion in terms of a potentially small subset of the training data; it is regularized by controlling the length
Integrating classification and association rule mining
 In Proc of KDD
, 1998
"... Classification rule mining aims to discover a small set of rules in the database that forms an accurate classifier. Association rule mining finds all the rules existing in the database that satisfy some minimum support and minimum confidence constraints. For association rule mining, the target of di ..."
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Cited by 578 (21 self)
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Classification rule mining aims to discover a small set of rules in the database that forms an accurate classifier. Association rule mining finds all the rules existing in the database that satisfy some minimum support and minimum confidence constraints. For association rule mining, the target
Logical foundations of objectoriented and framebased languages
 JOURNAL OF THE ACM
, 1995
"... We propose a novel formalism, called Frame Logic (abbr., Flogic), that accounts in a clean and declarative fashion for most of the structural aspects of objectoriented and framebased languages. These features include object identity, complex objects, inheritance, polymorphic types, query methods, ..."
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Cited by 874 (65 self)
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, encapsulation, and others. In a sense, Flogic stands in the same relationship to the objectoriented paradigm as classical predicate calculus stands to relational programming. Flogic has a modeltheoretic semantics and a sound and complete resolutionbased proof theory. A small number of fundamental concepts
Experimental Estimates of Education Production Functions
 Princeton University, Industrial Relations Section Working Paper No. 379
, 1997
"... This paper analyzes data on 11,600 students and their teachers who were randomly assigned to different size classes from kindergarten through third grade. Statistical methods are used to adjust for nonrandom attrition and transitions between classes. The main conclusions are (1) on average, performa ..."
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Cited by 529 (19 self)
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This paper analyzes data on 11,600 students and their teachers who were randomly assigned to different size classes from kindergarten through third grade. Statistical methods are used to adjust for nonrandom attrition and transitions between classes. The main conclusions are (1) on average
Establishing Pairwise Keys in Distributed Sensor Networks
, 2003
"... Pairwise key establishment is a fundamental security service in sensor networks; it enables sensor nodes to communicate securely with each other using cryptographic techniques. However, due to the resource constraints on sensors, it is infeasible to use traditional key management techniques such as ..."
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Cited by 544 (29 self)
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then presents two efficient instantiations of the general framework: a random subset assignment key predistribution scheme and a gridbased key predistribution scheme. The analysis in this paper indicates that these two schemes have a number of nice properties, including high probability (or guarantee
Gene selection for cancer classification using support vector machines
 Machine Learning
"... Abstract. DNA microarrays now permit scientists to screen thousands of genes simultaneously and determine whether those genes are active, hyperactive or silent in normal or cancerous tissue. Because these new microarray devices generate bewildering amounts of raw data, new analytical methods must ..."
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Cited by 1112 (24 self)
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be developed to sort out whether cancer tissues have distinctive signatures of gene expression over normal tissues or other types of cancer tissues. In this paper, we address the problem of selection of a small subset of genes from broad patterns of gene expression data, recorded on DNA microarrays. Using
A Singular Value Thresholding Algorithm for Matrix Completion
, 2008
"... This paper introduces a novel algorithm to approximate the matrix with minimum nuclear norm among all matrices obeying a set of convex constraints. This problem may be understood as the convex relaxation of a rank minimization problem, and arises in many important applications as in the task of reco ..."
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Cited by 553 (21 self)
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of recovering a large matrix from a small subset of its entries (the famous Netflix problem). Offtheshelf algorithms such as interior point methods are not directly amenable to large problems of this kind with over a million unknown entries. This paper develops a simple firstorder and easy
Results 11  20
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