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4,537
Features of similarity.
 Psychological Review
, 1977
"... Similarity plays a fundamental role in theories of knowledge and behavior. It serves as an organizing principle by which individuals classify objects, form concepts, and make generalizations. Indeed, the concept of similarity is ubiquitous in psychological theory. It underlies the accounts of stimu ..."
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Cited by 1455 (2 self)
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and metric assumptions are open to question. It has been argued by many authors that dimensional representations are appropriate for certain stimuli (e.g., colors, tones) but not for others. It seems more appropriate to represent faces, countries, or personalities in terms of many qualitative features than
Valuing American options by simulation: A simple leastsquares approach
 Review of Financial Studies
, 2001
"... This article presents a simple yet powerful new approach for approximating the value of America11 options by simulation. The kcy to this approach is the use of least squares to estimate the conditional expected payoff to the optionholder from continuation. This makes this approach readily applicable ..."
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Cited by 517 (9 self)
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factor string model of the term structure. One of the most important problems in option pricing theory is the valuation and optimal exercise of derivatives with Americanstyle exercise features. These types of derivatives are found in all major financial markets including the equity, commodity, foreign
Dictionary of protein secondary structure: pattern recognition of hydrogenbonded and geometrical features
, 1983
"... For a successful analysis of the relation between amino acid sequence and protein structure, an unambiguous and physically meaningful definition of secondary structure is essential. We have developed a set of simple and physically motivated criteria for secondary structure, programmed as a patternr ..."
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Cited by 2096 (5 self)
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For a successful analysis of the relation between amino acid sequence and protein structure, an unambiguous and physically meaningful definition of secondary structure is essential. We have developed a set of simple and physically motivated criteria for secondary structure, programmed as a pattern
Multiresolution grayscale and rotation invariant texture classification with local binary patterns
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE
, 2002
"... This paper presents a theoretically very simple, yet efficient, multiresolution approach to grayscale and rotation invariant texture classification based on local binary patterns and nonparametric discrimination of sample and prototype distributions. The method is based on recognizing that certain ..."
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Cited by 1299 (39 self)
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that certain local binary patterns, termed "uniform," are fundamental properties of local image texture and their occurrence histogram is proven to be a very powerful texture feature. We derive a generalized grayscale and rotation invariant operator presentation that allows for detecting the "
Maximum Likelihood Linear Transformations for HMMBased Speech Recognition
 COMPUTER SPEECH AND LANGUAGE
, 1998
"... This paper examines the application of linear transformations for speaker and environmental adaptation in an HMMbased speech recognition system. In particular, transformations that are trained in a maximum likelihood sense on adaptation data are investigated. Other than in the form of a simple bias ..."
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Cited by 570 (68 self)
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of the constrained modelspace transform from the simple diagonal case to the full or blockdiagonal case. The constrained and unconstrained transforms are evaluated in terms of computational cost, recognition time efficiency, and use for speaker adaptive training. The recognition performance of the two model
Estimating the Support of a HighDimensional Distribution
, 1999
"... Suppose you are given some dataset drawn from an underlying probability distribution P and you want to estimate a "simple" subset S of input space such that the probability that a test point drawn from P lies outside of S is bounded by some a priori specified between 0 and 1. We propo ..."
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Cited by 783 (29 self)
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Suppose you are given some dataset drawn from an underlying probability distribution P and you want to estimate a "simple" subset S of input space such that the probability that a test point drawn from P lies outside of S is bounded by some a priori specified between 0 and 1. We
Automatic Image Annotation and Retrieval using CrossMedia Relevance Models
, 2003
"... Libraries have traditionally used manual image annotation for indexing and then later retrieving their image collections. However, manual image annotation is an expensive and labor intensive procedure and hence there has been great interest in coming up with automatic ways to retrieve images based o ..."
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Cited by 431 (14 self)
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. Experiments show that the annotation performance of this crossmedia rele vance model is almost six times as good (in terms of mean precision) than a model based on wordblob cooccurrence model and twice as good as a state of the art model derived from machine translation. Our approach shows the usefulness
The Determinants of Credit Spread Changes.
 Journal of Finance
, 2001
"... ABSTRACT Using dealer's quotes and transactions prices on straight industrial bonds, we investigate the determinants of credit spread changes. Variables that should in theory determine credit spread changes have rather limited explanatory power. Further, the residuals from this regression are ..."
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Cited by 422 (2 self)
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in Slope of Yield Curve Although the spot rate is the only interestratesensitive factor that appears in the firm value process, the spot rate process itself may depend upon other factors as well. 7 For example, Litterman and Scheinkman (1991) find that the two most important factors driving the term
A Markov random field model for term dependencies
"... This paper develops a general, formal framework for modeling term dependencies via Markov random fields. The model allows for arbitrary text features to be incorporated as evidence. In particular, we make use of features based on occurrences of single terms, ordered phrases, and unordered phrases. W ..."
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Cited by 289 (55 self)
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This paper develops a general, formal framework for modeling term dependencies via Markov random fields. The model allows for arbitrary text features to be incorporated as evidence. In particular, we make use of features based on occurrences of single terms, ordered phrases, and unordered phrases
Deriving Concept Hierarchies From Text
 In Proceedings of the 22nd annual international ACM SIGIR conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval
, 1999
"... This paper presents a means of automatically deriving a hierarchical organization of concepts from a set of documents without use of training data or standard clustering techniques. Instead, salient words and phrases extracted from the documents are organized hierarchically using a type of cooccurr ..."
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Cited by 297 (13 self)
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. The methods used to build the structure are simple, but appear to be effective: a smallscale user study reveals that the generated hierarchy possesses properties expected of such a structure in that general terms are placed at the top levels leading to related and more specific terms below. The formation
Results 1  10
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