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73,453
A Simple RuleBased Part of Speech Tagger
, 1992
"... Automatic part of speech tagging is an area of natural language processing where statistical techniques have been more successful than rule based methods. In this paper, we present a sim ple rulebased part of speech tagger which automatically acquires its rules and tags with accuracy coinparable ..."
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Cited by 596 (9 self)
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genre or language to another. Perhaps the biggest contribution of this work is in demonstrating that the stochastic method is not the only viable method for part of speech tagging. The fact that a simple rulebased tagger that automatically learns its rules can perform so well should offer encouragement
Factor Graphs and the SumProduct Algorithm
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY
, 1998
"... A factor graph is a bipartite graph that expresses how a "global" function of many variables factors into a product of "local" functions. Factor graphs subsume many other graphical models including Bayesian networks, Markov random fields, and Tanner graphs. Following one simple c ..."
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Cited by 1791 (69 self)
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computational rule, the sumproduct algorithm operates in factor graphs to computeeither exactly or approximatelyvarious marginal functions by distributed messagepassing in the graph. A wide variety of algorithms developed in artificial intelligence, signal processing, and digital communications can
An axiomatic basis for computer programming
 COMMUNICATIONS OF THE ACM
, 1969
"... In this paper an attempt is made to explore the logical foundations of computer programming by use of techniques which were first applied in the study of geometry and have later been extended to other branches of mathematics. This involves the elucidation of sets of axioms and rules of inference w ..."
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Cited by 1754 (4 self)
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which can be used in proofs of the properties of computer programs. Examples are given of such axioms and rules, and a formal proof of a simple theorem is displayed. Finally, it is argued that important advantages, both theoretical and practical, may follow from a pursuance of these topics.
Very simple classification rules perform well on most commonly used datasets
 Machine Learning
, 1993
"... The classification rules induced by machine learning systems are judged by two criteria: their classification accuracy on an independent test set (henceforth "accuracy"), and their complexity. The relationship between these two criteria is, of course, of keen interest to the machin ..."
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Cited by 547 (5 self)
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to the machine learning community. There are in the literature some indications that very simple rules may achieve surprisingly high accuracy on many datasets. For example, Rendell occasionally remarks that many real world datasets have "few peaks (often just one) " and so are &
Fast Effective Rule Induction
, 1995
"... Many existing rule learning systems are computationally expensive on large noisy datasets. In this paper we evaluate the recentlyproposed rule learning algorithm IREP on a large and diverse collection of benchmark problems. We show that while IREP is extremely efficient, it frequently gives error r ..."
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Cited by 1274 (21 self)
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Many existing rule learning systems are computationally expensive on large noisy datasets. In this paper we evaluate the recentlyproposed rule learning algorithm IREP on a large and diverse collection of benchmark problems. We show that while IREP is extremely efficient, it frequently gives error
A Simple Transmit Diversity Technique for Wireless Communications
, 1998
"... This paper presents a simple twobranch transmit diversity scheme. Using two transmit antennas and one receive antenna the scheme provides the same diversity order as maximalratio receiver combining (MRRC) with one transmit antenna, and two receive antennas. It is also shown that the scheme may ea ..."
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Cited by 2127 (0 self)
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This paper presents a simple twobranch transmit diversity scheme. Using two transmit antennas and one receive antenna the scheme provides the same diversity order as maximalratio receiver combining (MRRC) with one transmit antenna, and two receive antennas. It is also shown that the scheme may
Monetary Policy Rules and Macroeconomic Stability: Evidence and Some Theory
 Journal of Economics
, 2000
"... We estimate a forwardlooking monetary policy reaction function for the postwar United States economy, before and after Volcker’s appointment as Fed Chairman in 1979. Our results point to substantial differences in the estimated rule across periods. In particular, interest rate policy in the Volcker ..."
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Cited by 1266 (17 self)
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in the VolckerGreenspan period appears to have been much more sensitive to changes in expected in�ation than in the preVolcker period. We then compare some of the implications of the estimated rules for the equilibrium properties of in�ation and output, using a simple macroeconomic model, and show
A Simple Model of Capital Market Equilibrium with Incomplete Information
 JOURNAL OF FINANCE
, 1987
"... The sphere of modern financial economics encompases finance, micro investment theory and much of the economics of uncertainty. As is evident from its influence on other branches of economics including public finance, industrial organization and monetary theory, the boundaries of this sphere are both ..."
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Cited by 756 (2 self)
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. But for all its mathematical refinement, the research has nevertheless had a direct and significant influence on practice. It was not always thus. Thirty years ago, finance theory was little more than a collection of anecdotes, rules of thumb, and manipulations of accounting data with an almost exclusive
A Simple, Fast, and Accurate Algorithm to Estimate Large Phylogenies by Maximum Likelihood
, 2003
"... The increase in the number of large data sets and the complexity of current probabilistic sequence evolution models necessitates fast and reliable phylogeny reconstruction methods. We describe a new approach, based on the maximumlikelihood principle, which clearly satisfies these requirements. The ..."
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Cited by 2182 (27 self)
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. The core of this method is a simple hillclimbing algorithm that adjusts tree topology and branch lengths simultaneously. This algorithm starts from an initial tree built by a fast distancebased method and modifies this tree to improve its likelihood at each iteration. Due to this simultaneous adjustment
Coordination of Groups of Mobile Autonomous Agents Using Nearest Neighbor Rules
, 2002
"... In a recent Physical Review Letters paper, Vicsek et. al. propose a simple but compelling discretetime model of n autonomous agents fi.e., points or particlesg all moving in the plane with the same speed but with dierent headings. Each agent's heading is updated using a local rule based on ..."
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Cited by 1290 (62 self)
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In a recent Physical Review Letters paper, Vicsek et. al. propose a simple but compelling discretetime model of n autonomous agents fi.e., points or particlesg all moving in the plane with the same speed but with dierent headings. Each agent's heading is updated using a local rule based
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