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451,336
Modeling TCP Throughput: A Simple Model and its Empirical Validation
, 1998
"... In this paper we develop a simple analytic characterization of the steady state throughput, as a function of loss rate and round trip time for a bulk transfer TCP flow, i.e., a flow with an unlimited amount of data to send. Unlike the models in [6, 7, 10], our model captures not only the behavior of ..."
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Cited by 1337 (36 self)
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In this paper we develop a simple analytic characterization of the steady state throughput, as a function of loss rate and round trip time for a bulk transfer TCP flow, i.e., a flow with an unlimited amount of data to send. Unlike the models in [6, 7, 10], our model captures not only the behavior
Diversity and Multiplexing: A Fundamental Tradeoff in Multiple Antenna Channels
 IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory
, 2002
"... Multiple antennas can be used for increasing the amount of diversity or the number of degrees of freedom in wireless communication systems. In this paper, we propose the point of view that both types of gains can be simultaneously obtained for a given multiple antenna channel, but there is a fund ..."
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Cited by 1165 (20 self)
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fundamental tradeo# between how much of each any coding scheme can get. For the richly scattered Rayleigh fading channel, we give a simple characterization of the optimal tradeo# curve and use it to evaluate the performance of existing multiple antenna schemes.
Network information flow
 IEEE TRANS. INFORM. THEORY
, 2000
"... We introduce a new class of problems called network information flow which is inspired by computer network applications. Consider a pointtopoint communication network on which a number of information sources are to be mulitcast to certain sets of destinations. We assume that the information source ..."
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Cited by 1967 (24 self)
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sources are mutually independent. The problem is to characterize the admissible coding rate region. This model subsumes all previously studied models along the same line. In this paper, we study the problem with one information source, and we have obtained a simple characterization of the admissible
A Simple Characterization of
"... Abstract. Showing equivalence of two systems at different levels of abstraction often entails mapping a single step in one system to a sequence of steps in the other, where the relevant state information does not change until the last step. In [BCG 88,dNV 90], bisimulations that take into account ..."
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Abstract. Showing equivalence of two systems at different levels of abstraction often entails mapping a single step in one system to a sequence of steps in the other, where the relevant state information does not change until the last step. In [BCG 88,dNV 90], bisimulations that take into account such "stuttering " are formulated. These definitions are, however, difficult to use in proofs of bisimulation, as they often require one to exhibit a finite, but unbounded sequence of transitions to match a single transition; thus introducing a large number of proof obligations. We present an alternative formulation of bisimulation under stuttering, in terms of a ranking function over a wellfounded set. It has the desirable property, shared with strong bisimulation [Mil 90], that it requires matching 8ingle transitions only, which considerably reduces the number of proof obligations. This makes proofs of bisimulation short, and easier to demonstrate and understand. We show that the new formulation is equivalent to the original one, and illustrate its use with nontrivial ex
Virtual time and global states of distributed systems.
 Proc. Workshop on Parallel and Distributed Algorithms,
, 1989
"... Abstract A distributed system can be characterized by the fact that the global state is distributed and that a common time base does not exist. However, the notion of time is an important concept in every day life of our decentralized \ r eal world" and helps to solve problems like getting a c ..."
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Cited by 744 (5 self)
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artially ordered a n d form a lattice. By using timestamps and a simple clock update mechanism the structure o f c ausality is represented in an isomorphic way. The new model of time has a close analogy to Minkowski's relativistic spacetime and leads among others to an interesting characterization
Sparse coding with an overcomplete basis set: a strategy employed by V1
 Vision Research
, 1997
"... The spatial receptive fields of simple cells in mammalian striate cortex have been reasonably well described physiologically and can be characterized as being localized, oriented, and ban@ass, comparable with the basis functions of wavelet transforms. Previously, we have shown that these receptive f ..."
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Cited by 958 (9 self)
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The spatial receptive fields of simple cells in mammalian striate cortex have been reasonably well described physiologically and can be characterized as being localized, oriented, and ban@ass, comparable with the basis functions of wavelet transforms. Previously, we have shown that these receptive
Lambertian Reflectance and Linear Subspaces
, 2000
"... We prove that the set of all reflectance functions (the mapping from surface normals to intensities) produced by Lambertian objects under distant, isotropic lighting lies close to a 9D linear subspace. This implies that, in general, the set of images of a convex Lambertian object obtained under a wi ..."
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Cited by 526 (20 self)
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wide variety of lighting conditions can be approximated accurately by a lowdimensional linear subspace, explaining prior empirical results. We also provide a simple analytic characterization of this linear space. We obtain these results by representing lighting using spherical harmonics and describing
Mean shift, mode seeking, and clustering
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE
, 1995
"... Mean shift, a simple iterative procedure that shifts each data point to the average of data points in its neighborhood, is generalized and analyzed in this paper. This generalization makes some kmeans like clustering algorithms its special cases. It is shown that mean shift is a modeseeking proce ..."
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Cited by 624 (0 self)
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Mean shift, a simple iterative procedure that shifts each data point to the average of data points in its neighborhood, is generalized and analyzed in this paper. This generalization makes some kmeans like clustering algorithms its special cases. It is shown that mean shift is a mode
Unsupervised texture segmentation using Gabor filters
 Pattern Recognition
"... We presenf a texture segmentation algorithm inspired by the multichannel filtering theory for visual information processing in the early stages of human visual system. The channels are characterized by a bank of Gabor filters that nearly uniformly covers the spatialfrequency domain. We propose a s ..."
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Cited by 616 (20 self)
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We presenf a texture segmentation algorithm inspired by the multichannel filtering theory for visual information processing in the early stages of human visual system. The channels are characterized by a bank of Gabor filters that nearly uniformly covers the spatialfrequency domain. We propose a
Results 1  10
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451,336