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The case for motivated reasoning
 Psychological Bulletin
, 1990
"... It is proposed that motivation may affect reasoning through reliance on a biased set of cognitive processes—that is, strategies for accessing, constructing, and evaluating beliefs. The motivation to be accurate enhances use of those beliefs and strategies that are considered most appropriate, wherea ..."
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Cited by 687 (3 self)
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It is proposed that motivation may affect reasoning through reliance on a biased set of cognitive processes—that is, strategies for accessing, constructing, and evaluating beliefs. The motivation to be accurate enhances use of those beliefs and strategies that are considered most appropriate
The empirical case for two systems of reasoning
, 1996
"... Distinctions have been proposed between systems of reasoning for centuries. This article distills properties shared by many of these distinctions and characterizes the resulting systems in light of recent findings and theoretical developments. One system is associative because its computations ref ..."
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Cited by 631 (4 self)
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Distinctions have been proposed between systems of reasoning for centuries. This article distills properties shared by many of these distinctions and characterizes the resulting systems in light of recent findings and theoretical developments. One system is associative because its computations
Reasoning the fast and frugal way: Models of bounded rationality
 Psychological Review
, 1996
"... Humans and animals make inferences about the world under limited time and knowledge. In contrast, many models of rational inference treat the mind as a Laplacean Demon, equipped with unlimited time, knowledge, and computational might. Following H. Simon’s notion of satisficing, the authors have prop ..."
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Cited by 583 (28 self)
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proposed a family of algorithms based on a simple psychological mechanism: one reason decision making. These fast and frugal algorithms violate fundamental tenets of classical rationality: They neither look up nor integrate all information. By computer simulation, the authors held a competition between
Plans And ResourceBounded Practical Reasoning
 COMPUTATIONAL INTELLIGENCE, 4(4):349355, 1988
, 1988
"... An architecture for a rational agent must allow for meansend reasoning, for the weighing of competing alternatives, and for interactions between these two forms of reasoning. Such an architecture must also address the problem of resource boundedness. We sketch a solution of the first problem that p ..."
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Cited by 485 (19 self)
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An architecture for a rational agent must allow for meansend reasoning, for the weighing of competing alternatives, and for interactions between these two forms of reasoning. Such an architecture must also address the problem of resource boundedness. We sketch a solution of the first problem
The DLV System for Knowledge Representation and Reasoning
 ACM Transactions on Computational Logic
, 2002
"... Disjunctive Logic Programming (DLP) is an advanced formalism for knowledge representation and reasoning, which is very expressive in a precise mathematical sense: it allows to express every property of finite structures that is decidable in the complexity class ΣP 2 (NPNP). Thus, under widely believ ..."
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Cited by 455 (100 self)
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Disjunctive Logic Programming (DLP) is an advanced formalism for knowledge representation and reasoning, which is very expressive in a precise mathematical sense: it allows to express every property of finite structures that is decidable in the complexity class ΣP 2 (NPNP). Thus, under widely
Constraint propagation algorithms for temporal reasoning
 Readings in Qualitative Reasoning about Physical Systems
, 1986
"... Abstract: This paper revises and expands upon a paper presented by two of the present authors at AAAI 1986 [Vilain & Kautz 1986]. As with the original, this revised document considers computational aspects of intervalbased and pointbased temporal representations. Computing the consequences of t ..."
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Cited by 427 (5 self)
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reasoning; of these, one of the most attractive is James Allen's algebra of temporal intervals [Allen 1983]. This representation scheme is particularly appealing for its simplicity and for its ease of implementation with constraint propagation algorithms. Reasoners based on
Qualitative process theory
 MIT AI Lab Memo
, 1982
"... Objects move, collide, flow, bend, heat up, cool down, stretch, compress. and boil. These and other things that cause changes in objects over time are intuitively characterized as processes. To understand commonsense physical reasoning and make programs that interact with the physical world as well ..."
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Cited by 884 (92 self)
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motivates a new qualitative representation for quantity in terms of inequalities, called the quantity space. This paper describes the basic concepts of qualitative process theory, several different kinds of reasoning that can be performed with them, and discusses its implications for causal reasoning
A tutorial on hidden Markov models and selected applications in speech recognition
 PROCEEDINGS OF THE IEEE
, 1989
"... Although initially introduced and studied in the late 1960s and early 1970s, statistical methods of Markov source or hidden Markov modeling have become increasingly popular in the last several years. There are two strong reasons why this has occurred. First the models are very rich in mathematical s ..."
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Cited by 5764 (1 self)
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Although initially introduced and studied in the late 1960s and early 1970s, statistical methods of Markov source or hidden Markov modeling have become increasingly popular in the last several years. There are two strong reasons why this has occurred. First the models are very rich in mathematical
Sorting networks and their applications
, 1968
"... To achieve high throughput rates today's computers perform several operations simultaneously. Not only are I/O operations performed concurrently with computing, but also, in multiprocessors, several computing ..."
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Cited by 660 (0 self)
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To achieve high throughput rates today's computers perform several operations simultaneously. Not only are I/O operations performed concurrently with computing, but also, in multiprocessors, several computing
Results 1  10
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3,396,398