Results 1  10
of
4,585,338
Testing Equivalences for Processes
 Theoretical Computer Science
, 1984
"... Abstract. Given a set of processes and a set of tests on these processes we show how to define in a natural way three different eyuitalences on processes. ThesP equivalences are applied to a particular language CCS. We give associated complete proof systems and fully abstract models. These models ha ..."
Abstract

Cited by 514 (36 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Abstract. Given a set of processes and a set of tests on these processes we show how to define in a natural way three different eyuitalences on processes. ThesP equivalences are applied to a particular language CCS. We give associated complete proof systems and fully abstract models. These models
PseudoRandom Generation from OneWay Functions
 PROC. 20TH STOC
, 1988
"... Pseudorandom generators are fundamental to many theoretical and applied aspects of computing. We show howto construct a pseudorandom generator from any oneway function. Since it is easy to construct a oneway function from a pseudorandom generator, this result shows that there is a pseudorandom gene ..."
Abstract

Cited by 887 (22 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Pseudorandom generators are fundamental to many theoretical and applied aspects of computing. We show howto construct a pseudorandom generator from any oneway function. Since it is easy to construct a oneway function from a pseudorandom generator, this result shows that there is a pseudorandom
Sequence Logos: A New Way to Display Consensus Sequences
 Nucleic Acids Res
, 1990
"... INTRODUCTION A logo is "a single piece of type bearing two or more usually separate elements" [1]. In this paper, we use logos to display aligned sets of sequences. Sequence logos concentrate the following information into a single graphic [2]: 1. The general consensus of the sequences. ..."
Abstract

Cited by 638 (27 self)
 Add to MetaCart
INTRODUCTION A logo is "a single piece of type bearing two or more usually separate elements" [1]. In this paper, we use logos to display aligned sets of sequences. Sequence logos concentrate the following information into a single graphic [2]: 1. The general consensus of the sequences. National Cancer Institute, Frederick Cancer Research and Development Center, Laboratory of Mathematical Biology, P. O. Box B, Frederick, MD 21701. Internet addresses: toms@ncifcrf.gov and stephens@ncifcrf.gov. y corresponding author 1 2. The order of predominance of the residues at every position. 3. The relative frequencies of every residue at every position. 4. The amount of information present at every position in the sequence, measured in bits. 5. An initiation point, cut point, or other significant location (if appropriate) . Any aligned set of DNA, RNA or protein sequences can be represented using this technique. CREATION OF BINDING S
Reasoning the fast and frugal way: Models of bounded rationality
 Psychological Review
, 1996
"... Humans and animals make inferences about the world under limited time and knowledge. In contrast, many models of rational inference treat the mind as a Laplacean Demon, equipped with unlimited time, knowledge, and computational might. Following H. Simon’s notion of satisficing, the authors have prop ..."
Abstract

Cited by 583 (28 self)
 Add to MetaCart
the pitch of a rival’s croak to infer its size when deciding whether to fight (Krebs & Davies, 1987). Stock brokers must make fast decisions about which of several stocks to trade or invest when only limited information is available. The list goes on. Inductive
New Directions in Cryptography
, 1976
"... Two kinds of contemporary developments in cryptography are examined. Widening applications of teleprocessing have given rise to a need for new types of cryptographic systems, which minimize the need for secure key distribution channels and supply the equivalent of a written signature. This paper sug ..."
Abstract

Cited by 3499 (7 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Two kinds of contemporary developments in cryptography are examined. Widening applications of teleprocessing have given rise to a need for new types of cryptographic systems, which minimize the need for secure key distribution channels and supply the equivalent of a written signature. This paper
GMRES: A generalized minimal residual algorithm for solving nonsymmetric linear systems
 SIAM J. SCI. STAT. COMPUT
, 1986
"... We present an iterative method for solving linear systems, which has the property ofminimizing at every step the norm of the residual vector over a Krylov subspace. The algorithm is derived from the Arnoldi process for constructing an l2orthogonal basis of Krylov subspaces. It can be considered a ..."
Abstract

Cited by 2046 (40 self)
 Add to MetaCart
as a generalization of Paige and Saunders’ MINRES algorithm and is theoretically equivalent to the Generalized Conjugate Residual (GCR) method and to ORTHODIR. The new algorithm presents several advantages over GCR and ORTHODIR.
A Digital Signature Scheme Secure Against Adaptive ChosenMessage Attacks
, 1995
"... We present a digital signature scheme based on the computational diculty of integer factorization. The scheme possesses the novel property of being robust against an adaptive chosenmessage attack: an adversary who receives signatures for messages of his choice (where each message may be chosen in a ..."
Abstract

Cited by 985 (43 self)
 Add to MetaCart
in a way that depends on the signatures of previously chosen messages) can not later forge the signature of even a single additional message. This may be somewhat surprising, since the properties of having forgery being equivalent to factoring and being invulnerable to an adaptive chosenmessage attack
The Structure of Foreign Trade
, 1999
"... this paper what we know about foreign trade and in what ways our understanding has improved as a result of the last 20 years of research ..."
Abstract

Cited by 985 (16 self)
 Add to MetaCart
this paper what we know about foreign trade and in what ways our understanding has improved as a result of the last 20 years of research
Why a diagram is (sometimes) worth ten thousand words
 Cognitive Science
, 1987
"... We distinguish diagrammatic from sentential paperandpencil representationsof information by developing alternative models of informationprocessing systems that are informationally equivalent and that can be characterized as sentential or diagrammatic. Sentential representations are sequential, li ..."
Abstract

Cited by 777 (2 self)
 Add to MetaCart
We distinguish diagrammatic from sentential paperandpencil representationsof information by developing alternative models of informationprocessing systems that are informationally equivalent and that can be characterized as sentential or diagrammatic. Sentential representations are sequential
LSQR: An Algorithm for Sparse Linear Equations and Sparse Least Squares
 ACM Trans. Math. Software
, 1982
"... An iterative method is given for solving Ax ~ffi b and minU Ax b 112, where the matrix A is large and sparse. The method is based on the bidiagonalization procedure of Golub and Kahan. It is analytically equivalent to the standard method of conjugate gradients, but possesses more favorable numerica ..."
Abstract

Cited by 649 (21 self)
 Add to MetaCart
An iterative method is given for solving Ax ~ffi b and minU Ax b 112, where the matrix A is large and sparse. The method is based on the bidiagonalization procedure of Golub and Kahan. It is analytically equivalent to the standard method of conjugate gradients, but possesses more favorable
Results 1  10
of
4,585,338