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An Optimal Algorithm for Approximate Nearest Neighbor Searching in Fixed Dimensions
 ACMSIAM SYMPOSIUM ON DISCRETE ALGORITHMS
, 1994
"... Consider a set S of n data points in real ddimensional space, R d , where distances are measured using any Minkowski metric. In nearest neighbor searching we preprocess S into a data structure, so that given any query point q 2 R d , the closest point of S to q can be reported quickly. Given any po ..."
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Cited by 984 (32 self)
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Consider a set S of n data points in real ddimensional space, R d , where distances are measured using any Minkowski metric. In nearest neighbor searching we preprocess S into a data structure, so that given any query point q 2 R d , the closest point of S to q can be reported quickly. Given any
Actions as spacetime shapes
 IN ICCV
, 2005
"... Human action in video sequences can be seen as silhouettes of a moving torso and protruding limbs undergoing articulated motion. We regard human actions as threedimensional shapes induced by the silhouettes in the spacetime volume. We adopt a recent approach [14] for analyzing 2D shapes and genera ..."
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Cited by 651 (4 self)
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Human action in video sequences can be seen as silhouettes of a moving torso and protruding limbs undergoing articulated motion. We regard human actions as threedimensional shapes induced by the silhouettes in the spacetime volume. We adopt a recent approach [14] for analyzing 2D shapes
RealTime Obstacle Avoidance for Manipulators and Mobile Robots
 INT. JOUR OF ROBOTIC RESEARCH
, 1986
"... This paper presents a unique realtime obstacle avoidance approach for manipulators and mobile robots based on the artificial potential field concept. Collision avoidance, traditionally considered a high level planning problem, can be effectively distributed between different levels of control, al ..."
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Cited by 1345 (28 self)
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This paper presents a unique realtime obstacle avoidance approach for manipulators and mobile robots based on the artificial potential field concept. Collision avoidance, traditionally considered a high level planning problem, can be effectively distributed between different levels of control, al
Symbolic Model Checking for Realtime Systems
 INFORMATION AND COMPUTATION
, 1992
"... We describe finitestate programs over realnumbered time in a guardedcommand language with realvalued clocks or, equivalently, as finite automata with realvalued clocks. Model checking answers the question which states of a realtime program satisfy a branchingtime specification (given in an ..."
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Cited by 578 (50 self)
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in an extension of CTL with clock variables). We develop an algorithm that computes this set of states symbolically as a fixpoint of a functional on state predicates, without constructing the state space. For this purpose, we introduce a calculus on computation trees over realnumbered time. Unfortunately
A theory of shape by space carving
 In Proceedings of the 7th IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV99), volume I, pages 307– 314, Los Alamitos, CA
, 1999
"... In this paper we consider the problem of computing the 3D shape of an unknown, arbitrarilyshaped scene from multiple photographs taken at known but arbitrarilydistributed viewpoints. By studying the equivalence class of all 3D shapes that reproduce the input photographs, we prove the existence of a ..."
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Cited by 566 (14 self)
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realworld scenes. The approach is designed to (1) build photorealistic shapes that accurately model scene appearance from a wide range of viewpoints, and (2) account for the complex interactions between occlusion, parallax, shading, and their effects on arbitrary views of a 3D scene. 1.
Tree visualization with Treemaps: A 2d spacefilling approach
 ACM Transactions on Graphics
, 1991
"... this paper deals with a twodimensional (2d) spacefilling approach in which each node is a rectangle whose area is proportional to some attribute such as node size. Research on relationships between 2d images and their representation in tree structures has focussed on node and link representation ..."
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Cited by 534 (29 self)
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this paper deals with a twodimensional (2d) spacefilling approach in which each node is a rectangle whose area is proportional to some attribute such as node size. Research on relationships between 2d images and their representation in tree structures has focussed on node and link
Spacetime block codes from orthogonal designs
 IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory
, 1999
"... Abstract — We introduce space–time block coding, a new paradigm for communication over Rayleigh fading channels using multiple transmit antennas. Data is encoded using a space–time block code and the encoded data is split into � streams which are simultaneously transmitted using � transmit antennas. ..."
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Cited by 1524 (42 self)
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space–time block codes for both real and complex constellations for any number of transmit antennas. These codes achieve the maximum possible transmission rate for any number of transmit antennas using any arbitrary real constellation such as PAM. For an arbitrary complex constellation such as PSK
Efficient Variants of the ICP Algorithm
 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON 3D DIGITAL IMAGING AND MODELING
, 2001
"... The ICP (Iterative Closest Point) algorithm is widely used for geometric alignment of threedimensional models when an initial estimate of the relative pose is known. Many variants of ICP have been proposed, affecting all phases of the algorithm from the selection and matching of points to the minim ..."
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Cited by 718 (5 self)
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sampling of the space of normals. We conclude by proposing a combination of ICP variants optimized for high speed. We demonstrate an implementation that is able to align two range images in a few tens of milliseconds, assuming a good initial guess. This capability has potential application to realtime 3D
Eigenfaces vs. Fisherfaces: Recognition Using Class Specific Linear Projection
, 1997
"... We develop a face recognition algorithm which is insensitive to gross variation in lighting direction and facial expression. Taking a pattern classification approach, we consider each pixel in an image as a coordinate in a highdimensional space. We take advantage of the observation that the images ..."
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Cited by 2310 (17 self)
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of a particular face, under varying illumination but fixed pose, lie in a 3D linear subspace of the high dimensional image space  if the face is a Lambertian surface without shadowing. However, since faces are not truly Lambertian surfaces and do indeed produce selfshadowing, images will deviate
String theory and noncommutative geometry
 JHEP
, 1999
"... We extend earlier ideas about the appearance of noncommutative geometry in string theory with a nonzero Bfield. We identify a limit in which the entire string dynamics is described by a minimally coupled (supersymmetric) gauge theory on a noncommutative space, and discuss the corrections away from ..."
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Cited by 794 (8 self)
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counterpart. We obtain a new perspective on noncommutative gauge theory on a torus, its Tduality, and Morita equivalence. We also discuss the D0/D4 system, the relation to Mtheory in DLCQ, and a possible noncommutative version of the sixdimensional (2, 0) theory. 8/99
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