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1,028,659
Interprocedural dataflow analysis via graph reachability
, 1994
"... The paper shows how a large class of interprocedural dataflowanalysis problems can be solved precisely in polynomial time by transforming them into a special kind of graphreachability problem. The only restrictions are that the set of dataflow facts must be a finite set, and that the dataflow fun ..."
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Cited by 454 (34 self)
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The paper shows how a large class of interprocedural dataflowanalysis problems can be solved precisely in polynomial time by transforming them into a special kind of graphreachability problem. The only restrictions are that the set of dataflow facts must be a finite set, and that the dataflow
Symbolic Model Checking without BDDs
, 1999
"... Symbolic Model Checking [3, 14] has proven to be a powerful technique for the verification of reactive systems. BDDs [2] have traditionally been used as a symbolic representation of the system. In this paper we show how boolean decision procedures, like Stalmarck's Method [16] or the Davis ..."
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Cited by 910 (74 self)
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Symbolic Model Checking [3, 14] has proven to be a powerful technique for the verification of reactive systems. BDDs [2] have traditionally been used as a symbolic representation of the system. In this paper we show how boolean decision procedures, like Stalmarck's Method [16] or the Davis
Symbolic Model Checking for Realtime Systems
 INFORMATION AND COMPUTATION
, 1992
"... We describe finitestate programs over realnumbered time in a guardedcommand language with realvalued clocks or, equivalently, as finite automata with realvalued clocks. Model checking answers the question which states of a realtime program satisfy a branchingtime specification (given in an ..."
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Cited by 574 (50 self)
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in an extension of CTL with clock variables). We develop an algorithm that computes this set of states symbolically as a fixpoint of a functional on state predicates, without constructing the state space. For this purpose, we introduce a calculus on computation trees over realnumbered time. Unfortunately
Symbolic Model Checking: 10^20 States and Beyond
, 1992
"... Many different methods have been devised for automatically verifying finite state systems by examining stategraph models of system behavior. These methods all depend on decision procedures that explicitly represent the state space using a list or a table that grows in proportion to the number of st ..."
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Cited by 753 (40 self)
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of states. We describe a general method that represents the state space symbolical/y instead of explicitly. The generality of our method comes from using a dialect of the MuCalculus as the primary specification language. We describe a model checking algorithm for MuCalculus formulas that uses Bryantâ€™s
The Symbol Grounding Problem
, 1990
"... There has been much discussion recently about the scope and limits of purely symbolic models of the mind and about the proper role of connectionism in cognitive modeling. This paper describes the "symbol grounding problem": How can the semantic interpretation of a formal symbol system be m ..."
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Cited by 1072 (18 self)
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There has been much discussion recently about the scope and limits of purely symbolic models of the mind and about the proper role of connectionism in cognitive modeling. This paper describes the "symbol grounding problem": How can the semantic interpretation of a formal symbol system
Reachability Analysis of Pushdown Automata: Application to ModelChecking
, 1997
"... We apply the symbolic analysis principle to pushdown systems. We represent (possibly infinite) sets of configurations of such systems by means of finitestate automata. In order to reason in a uniform way about analysis problems involving both existential and universal path quantification (like mode ..."
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Cited by 385 (39 self)
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We apply the symbolic analysis principle to pushdown systems. We represent (possibly infinite) sets of configurations of such systems by means of finitestate automata. In order to reason in a uniform way about analysis problems involving both existential and universal path quantification (like
Culture in action: Symbols and strategies
 American Sociological Review
, 1986
"... Culture influences action not by providing the ultimate values toward which action is oriented, but by shaping a repertoire or "tool kit " of habits, skills, and styles from which people construct "strategies of action. " Two models of cultural influence are developed, for settle ..."
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Cited by 455 (0 self)
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Culture influences action not by providing the ultimate values toward which action is oriented, but by shaping a repertoire or "tool kit " of habits, skills, and styles from which people construct "strategies of action. " Two models of cultural influence are developed, for settled and unsettled cultural periods. In settled periods, culture independently influences action, but only by providing resources from which people can construct diverse lines of action. In unsettled cultural periods, explicit ideologies directly govern action, but structural opportunities for action determine which among competing ideologies survive in the long run. This alternative view of culture offers new opportunities for systematic, differentiated arguments about culture's causal role in shaping action. The reigning model used to understand culture's effects on action is fundamentally misleading. It assumes that culture shapes action by supplying ultimate ends or values toward which action is directed, thus making values
The algorithmic analysis of hybrid systems
 THEORETICAL COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 1995
"... We present a general framework for the formal specification and algorithmic analysis of hybrid systems. A hybrid system consists of a discrete program with an analog environment. We model hybrid systems as nite automata equipped with variables that evolve continuously with time according to dynamica ..."
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Cited by 783 (76 self)
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to linear hybrid systems. In particular, we consider symbolic modelchecking and minimization procedures that are based on the reachability analysis of an infinite state space. The procedures iteratively compute state sets that are definable as unions of convex polyhedra in multidimensional real space. We
Automatic verification of finitestate concurrent systems using temporal logic specifications
 ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems
, 1986
"... We give an efficient procedure for verifying that a finitestate concurrent system meets a specification expressed in a (propositional, branchingtime) temporal logic. Our algorithm has complexity linear in both the size of the specification and the size of the global state graph for the concurrent ..."
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Cited by 1384 (62 self)
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We give an efficient procedure for verifying that a finitestate concurrent system meets a specification expressed in a (propositional, branchingtime) temporal logic. Our algorithm has complexity linear in both the size of the specification and the size of the global state graph for the concurrent
Counterexampleguided Abstraction Refinement
, 2000
"... We present an automatic iterative abstractionrefinement methodology in which the initial abstract model is generated by an automatic analysis of the control structures in the program to be verified. Abstract models may admit erroneous (or "spurious") counterexamples. We devise new symb ..."
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Cited by 848 (71 self)
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symbolic techniques which analyze such counterexamples and refine the abstract model correspondingly.
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