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63,219
Experimental Estimates of Education Production Functions
 Princeton University, Industrial Relations Section Working Paper No. 379
, 1997
"... This paper analyzes data on 11,600 students and their teachers who were randomly assigned to different size classes from kindergarten through third grade. Statistical methods are used to adjust for nonrandom attrition and transitions between classes. The main conclusions are (1) on average, performa ..."
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Cited by 529 (19 self)
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This paper analyzes data on 11,600 students and their teachers who were randomly assigned to different size classes from kindergarten through third grade. Statistical methods are used to adjust for nonrandom attrition and transitions between classes. The main conclusions are (1) on average, performance on standardized tests increases by four percentile points the �rst year students attend small classes; (2) the test score advantage of students in small classes expands by about one percentile point per year in subsequent years; (3) teacher aides and measured teacher characteristics have little effect; (4) class size has a larger effect for minority students and those on free lunch; (5) Hawthorne effects were unlikely. I.
A model for technical inefficiency effects in a stochastic frontier production function for panel data
 Empirical Economics
, 1995
"... Abstract: A stochastic frontier production function is defined for panel data on firms, in which the nonnegative technical inetGciency effects are assumed to be a function of firmspecific variables and time. The inefficiency effects are assumed to be independently distributed as truncations of nor ..."
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Cited by 555 (4 self)
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Abstract: A stochastic frontier production function is defined for panel data on firms, in which the nonnegative technical inetGciency effects are assumed to be a function of firmspecific variables and time. The inefficiency effects are assumed to be independently distributed as truncations
GMM estimation with persistent panel data: an application to production functions
, 1998
"... We consider the estimation of CobbDouglas production functions using panel data covering a large sample of companies observed for a small number of time periods. Standard GMM estimators, which eliminate unobserved firmspecific effects by taking first dierences, have been found to produce unsatisf ..."
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Cited by 395 (7 self)
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We consider the estimation of CobbDouglas production functions using panel data covering a large sample of companies observed for a small number of time periods. Standard GMM estimators, which eliminate unobserved firmspecific effects by taking first dierences, have been found to produce
Trade Liberalization, Exit, and Productivity Improvements: Evidence from Chilean Plants
 Review of Economic Studies
, 2002
"... This paper empirically investigates the effects of liberalized trade on plant productivity in the case of Chile. Chile presents an interesting setting to study this relationship since it underwent a massive trade liberalization that significantly exposed its plants to competition from abroad during ..."
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Cited by 555 (16 self)
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the late 1970s and early 1980s. Methodologically, I approach this question in two steps. In the first step, I estimate a production function to obtain a measure of plant productivity. I estimate the production function semiparametrically to correct for the presence of selection and simultaneity biases
Factor Graphs and the SumProduct Algorithm
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY
, 1998
"... A factor graph is a bipartite graph that expresses how a "global" function of many variables factors into a product of "local" functions. Factor graphs subsume many other graphical models including Bayesian networks, Markov random fields, and Tanner graphs. Following one simple c ..."
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Cited by 1791 (69 self)
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A factor graph is a bipartite graph that expresses how a "global" function of many variables factors into a product of "local" functions. Factor graphs subsume many other graphical models including Bayesian networks, Markov random fields, and Tanner graphs. Following one simple
Training Products of Experts by Minimizing Contrastive Divergence
, 2002
"... It is possible to combine multiple latentvariable models of the same data by multiplying their probability distributions together and then renormalizing. This way of combining individual “expert ” models makes it hard to generate samples from the combined model but easy to infer the values of the l ..."
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Cited by 850 (75 self)
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of the latent variables of each expert, because the combination rule ensures that the latent variables of different experts are conditionally independent when given the data. A product of experts (PoE) is therefore an interesting candidate for a perceptual system in which rapid inference is vital and generation
On the Estimation of Technical Inefficiency in the Stochastic Frontier Production Function Model
 Journal of Econometrics
, 1982
"... The error term in the stochastic frontier model is of the form (CU), where u is a normal error term representing pure randomness, and u is a nonnegative error term representing technical inefficiency. The entire (UU) is easily estimated for each observation, but a previously unsolved problem is h ..."
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Cited by 343 (5 self)
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The error term in the stochastic frontier model is of the form (CU), where u is a normal error term representing pure randomness, and u is a nonnegative error term representing technical inefficiency. The entire (UU) is easily estimated for each observation, but a previously unsolved problem is how to separate it into its two components, tl and U. This paper suggests a solution to this problem, by considering the expected value of IL, conditional on (UU). An explicit formula is given for the halfnormal and exponential cases. 1.
On the Specification and Estimation of the Production Function for Cognitive Achievement
 Economic Journal
, 2003
"... This paper considers methods for modelling the producLion lLinction for cognitive achievement in a way that captures theoretical notions thai child development is a cumulative process depending on the history of family and school inputs and on innate ability. It develops a general modelling framewo ..."
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Cited by 278 (2 self)
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seeks to understand the role of parental characteristics and the early home environment in producing cognitive skills. The education production function (EPF) hranch of the literature examines the productivity relationship between schooling inputs and test score outcomes for schoolage children.
Monopolistic competition and optimum product diversity. The American Economic Review,
, 1977
"... The basic issue concerning production in welfare economics is whether a market solution will yield the socially optimum kinds and quantities of commodities. It is well known that problems can arise for three broad reasons: distributive justice; external effects; and scale economies. This paper is c ..."
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Cited by 1911 (5 self)
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The basic issue concerning production in welfare economics is whether a market solution will yield the socially optimum kinds and quantities of commodities. It is well known that problems can arise for three broad reasons: distributive justice; external effects; and scale economies. This paper
Results 1  10
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