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475,247
Iterative decoding of binary block and convolutional codes
 IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory
, 1996
"... Abstract Iterative decoding of twodimensional systematic convolutional codes has been termed “turbo ” (de)coding. Using loglikelihood algebra, we show that any decoder can he used which accepts soft inputsincluding a priori valuesand delivers soft outputs that can he split into three terms: the ..."
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Cited by 600 (43 self)
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Abstract Iterative decoding of twodimensional systematic convolutional codes has been termed “turbo ” (de)coding. Using loglikelihood algebra, we show that any decoder can he used which accepts soft inputsincluding a priori valuesand delivers soft outputs that can he split into three terms
Halfa century of research on the Stroop effect: An integrative review
 PsychologicalBulletin
, 1991
"... The literature on interference in the Stroop ColorWord Task, covering over 50 years and some 400 studies, is organized and reviewed. In so doing, a set ofl 8 reliable empirical findings is isolated that must be captured by any successful theory of the Stroop effect. Existing theoretical positions a ..."
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Cited by 621 (14 self)
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are summarized and evaluated in view of this critical evidence and the 2 major candidate theoriesrelative speed of processing and automaticity of readingare found to be wanting. It is concluded that recent theories placing the explanatory weight on parallel processing of the irrelevant and the relevant
Tinydb: An acquisitional query processing system for sensor networks
 ACM Trans. Database Syst
, 2005
"... We discuss the design of an acquisitional query processor for data collection in sensor networks. Acquisitional issues are those that pertain to where, when, and how often data is physically acquired (sampled) and delivered to query processing operators. By focusing on the locations and costs of acq ..."
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Cited by 609 (8 self)
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of acquiring data, we are able to significantly reduce power consumption over traditional passive systems that assume the a priori existence of data. We discuss simple extensions to SQL for controlling data acquisition, and show how acquisitional issues influence query optimization, dissemination
Focused crawling: a new approach to topicspecific Web resource discovery
, 1999
"... The rapid growth of the WorldWide Web poses unprecedented scaling challenges for generalpurpose crawlers and search engines. In this paper we describe a new hypertext resource discovery system called a Focused Crawler. The goal of a focused crawler is to selectively seek out pages that are relevan ..."
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Cited by 628 (10 self)
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that are likely to be most relevant for the crawl, and avoids irrelevant regions of the Web. This leads to significant savings in hardware and network resources, and helps keep the crawl more uptodate. To achieve such goaldirected crawling, we designed two hypertext mining programs that guide our crawler: a
Estimating the Support of a HighDimensional Distribution
, 1999
"... Suppose you are given some dataset drawn from an underlying probability distribution P and you want to estimate a "simple" subset S of input space such that the probability that a test point drawn from P lies outside of S is bounded by some a priori specified between 0 and 1. We propo ..."
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Cited by 766 (29 self)
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Suppose you are given some dataset drawn from an underlying probability distribution P and you want to estimate a "simple" subset S of input space such that the probability that a test point drawn from P lies outside of S is bounded by some a priori specified between 0 and 1. We
Near Optimal Signal Recovery From Random Projections: Universal Encoding Strategies?
, 2004
"... Suppose we are given a vector f in RN. How many linear measurements do we need to make about f to be able to recover f to within precision ɛ in the Euclidean (ℓ2) metric? Or more exactly, suppose we are interested in a class F of such objects— discrete digital signals, images, etc; how many linear m ..."
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Cited by 1513 (20 self)
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measurements do we need to recover objects from this class to within accuracy ɛ? This paper shows that if the objects of interest are sparse or compressible in the sense that the reordered entries of a signal f ∈ F decay like a powerlaw (or if the coefficient sequence of f in a fixed basis decays like a power
The 2005 pascal visual object classes challenge
, 2006
"... Abstract. The PASCAL Visual Object Classes Challenge ran from February to March 2005. The goal of the challenge was to recognize objects from a number of visual object classes in realistic scenes (i.e. not presegmented objects). Four object classes were selected: motorbikes, bicycles, cars and peop ..."
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Cited by 633 (24 self)
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and people. Twelve teams entered the challenge. In this chapter we provide details of the datasets, algorithms used by the teams, evaluation criteria, and results achieved. 1
Inverse Acoustic and Electromagnetic Scattering Theory, Second Edition
, 1998
"... Abstract. This paper is a survey of the inverse scattering problem for timeharmonic acoustic and electromagnetic waves at fixed frequency. We begin by a discussion of “weak scattering ” and Newtontype methods for solving the inverse scattering problem for acoustic waves, including a brief discussi ..."
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Cited by 1072 (45 self)
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Abstract. This paper is a survey of the inverse scattering problem for timeharmonic acoustic and electromagnetic waves at fixed frequency. We begin by a discussion of “weak scattering ” and Newtontype methods for solving the inverse scattering problem for acoustic waves, including a brief
Detection and Tracking of Point Features
 International Journal of Computer Vision
, 1991
"... The factorization method described in this series of reports requires an algorithm to track the motion of features in an image stream. Given the small interframe displacement made possible by the factorization approach, the best tracking method turns out to be the one proposed by Lucas and Kanade i ..."
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Cited by 622 (2 self)
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in 1981. The method defines the measure of match between fixedsize feature windows in the past and current frame as the sum of squared intensity differences over the windows. The displacement is then defined as the one that minimizes this sum. For small motions, a linearization of the image intensities
Shape modeling with front propagation: A level set approach
 IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
, 1995
"... Abstract Shape modeling is an important constituent of computer vision as well as computer graphics research. Shape models aid the tasks of object representation and recognition. This paper presents a new approach to shape modeling which retains some of the attractive features of existing methods ..."
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Cited by 804 (20 self)
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and overcomes some of their limitations. Our techniques can be applied to model arbitrarily complex shapes, which include shapes with significant protrusions, and to situations where no a priori assumption about the object’s topology is made. A single instance of our model, when presented with an image
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