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81,859
What is the Set of Images of an Object Under All Possible Lighting Conditions
 IEEE CVPR
, 1996
"... The appearance of a particular object depends on both the viewpoint from which it is observed and the light sources by which it is illuminated. If the appearance of two objects is never identical for any pose or lighting conditions, then in theory the objects can always be distinguished or recogni ..."
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Cited by 389 (25 self)
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The appearance of a particular object depends on both the viewpoint from which it is observed and the light sources by which it is illuminated. If the appearance of two objects is never identical for any pose or lighting conditions, then in theory the objects can always be distinguished
What is the Set of Images of an Object Under All Possible Lighting Conditions?
"... 1 Introduction One of the complications that has troubled computer vision recognition algorithms is the variability of an object's appearance from one image to the next. With slight changes in lighting conditions and viewpoint often comes large changes in the object's appearance. To handle ..."
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1 Introduction One of the complications that has troubled computer vision recognition algorithms is the variability of an object's appearance from one image to the next. With slight changes in lighting conditions and viewpoint often comes large changes in the object's appearance
From Few to many: Illumination cone models for face recognition under variable lighting and pose
 IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
, 2001
"... We present a generative appearancebased method for recognizing human faces under variation in lighting and viewpoint. Our method exploits the fact that the set of images of an object in fixed pose, but under all possible illumination conditions, is a convex cone in the space of images. Using a smal ..."
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Cited by 754 (12 self)
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We present a generative appearancebased method for recognizing human faces under variation in lighting and viewpoint. Our method exploits the fact that the set of images of an object in fixed pose, but under all possible illumination conditions, is a convex cone in the space of images. Using a
CONDENSATION  conditional density propagation for visual tracking
, 1998
"... The problem of tracking curves in dense visual clutter is challenging. Kalman filtering is inadequate because it is based on Gaussian densities which, being unimodal, cannot represent simultaneous alternative hypotheses. The Condensation algorithm uses “factored sampling”, previously applied to th ..."
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Cited by 1503 (12 self)
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to the interpretation of static images, in which the probability distribution of possible interpretations is represented by a randomly generated set. Condensation uses learned dynamical models, together with visual observations, to propagate the random set over time. The result is highly robust tracking of agile motion
Contour Tracking By Stochastic Propagation of Conditional Density
, 1996
"... . In Proc. European Conf. Computer Vision, 1996, pp. 343356, Cambridge, UK The problem of tracking curves in dense visual clutter is a challenging one. Trackers based on Kalman filters are of limited use; because they are based on Gaussian densities which are unimodal, they cannot represent s ..."
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Cited by 661 (23 self)
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simultaneous alternative hypotheses. Extensions to the Kalman filter to handle multiple data associations work satisfactorily in the simple case of point targets, but do not extend naturally to continuous curves. A new, stochastic algorithm is proposed here, the Condensation algorithm  Conditional
StrategyProofness and Arrow’s Conditions: Existence and Correspondence Theorems for Voting Procedures and Social Welfare Functions
 J. Econ. Theory
, 1975
"... Consider a committee which must select one alternative from a set of three or more alternatives. Committee members each cast a ballot which the voting procedure counts. The voting procedure is strategyproof if it always induces every committee member to cast a ballot revealing his preference. I pro ..."
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Cited by 553 (0 self)
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prove three theorems. First, every strategyproof voting procedure is dictatorial. Second, this paper’s strategyproofness condition for voting procedures corresponds to Arrow’s rationality, independence of irrelevant alternatives, nonnegative response, and citizens ’ sovereignty conditions for social
The Macroscopic Behavior of the TCP Congestion Avoidance Algorithm
, 1997
"... In this paper, we analyze a performance model for the TCP Congestion Avoidance algorithm. The model predicts the bandwidth of a sustained TCP connection subjected to light to moderate packet losses, such as loss caused by network congestion. It assumes that TCP avoids retransmission timeouts and alw ..."
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Cited by 652 (18 self)
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In this paper, we analyze a performance model for the TCP Congestion Avoidance algorithm. The model predicts the bandwidth of a sustained TCP connection subjected to light to moderate packet losses, such as loss caused by network congestion. It assumes that TCP avoids retransmission timeouts
Lambertian Reflectance and Linear Subspaces
, 2000
"... We prove that the set of all reflectance functions (the mapping from surface normals to intensities) produced by Lambertian objects under distant, isotropic lighting lies close to a 9D linear subspace. This implies that, in general, the set of images of a convex Lambertian object obtained under a wi ..."
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Cited by 526 (20 self)
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wide variety of lighting conditions can be approximated accurately by a lowdimensional linear subspace, explaining prior empirical results. We also provide a simple analytic characterization of this linear space. We obtain these results by representing lighting using spherical harmonics and describing
The Semantics Of Constraint Logic Programs
 JOURNAL OF LOGIC PROGRAMMING
, 1996
"... This paper presents for the first time the semantic foundations of CLP in a selfcontained and complete package. The main contributions are threefold. First, we extend the original conference paper by presenting definitions and basic semantic constructs from first principles, giving new and comp ..."
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Cited by 872 (14 self)
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since almost all CLP systems use an incomplete solver. Third, we give conditions on the (possibly incomplete) solver which ensure that the operational semantics is confluent, that is, has independence of literal scheduling.
Detectability of Discrete Event Systems
"... In this paper, we investigate the detectability problem in discrete event systems. We assume that we do not know initially which state the system is in. The problem is to determine the current and subsequent states of the system based on a sequence of observation. The observation includes partial ev ..."
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Cited by 806 (14 self)
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event observation and/or partial state observation, which leads to four possible cases. We further define four types of detectabilities: strong detectability, (weak) detectability, strong periodic detectability, and (weak) periodic detectability. We derive necessary and sufficient conditions
Results 1  10
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81,859