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33,683
Discriminative Training and Maximum Entropy Models for Statistical Machine Translation
, 2002
"... We present a framework for statistical machine translation of natural languages based on direct maximum entropy models, which contains the widely used source channel approach as a special case. All knowledge sources are treated as feature functions, which depend on the source language senten ..."
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Cited by 508 (30 self)
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sentence, the target language sentence and possible hidden variables.
The Infinite Hidden Markov Model
 Machine Learning
, 2002
"... We show that it is possible to extend hidden Markov models to have a countably infinite number of hidden states. By using the theory of Dirichlet processes we can implicitly integrate out the infinitely many transition parameters, leaving only three hyperparameters which can be learned from data. Th ..."
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Cited by 637 (41 self)
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We show that it is possible to extend hidden Markov models to have a countably infinite number of hidden states. By using the theory of Dirichlet processes we can implicitly integrate out the infinitely many transition parameters, leaving only three hyperparameters which can be learned from data
Image denoising using a scale mixture of Gaussians in the wavelet domain
 IEEE TRANS IMAGE PROCESSING
, 2003
"... We describe a method for removing noise from digital images, based on a statistical model of the coefficients of an overcomplete multiscale oriented basis. Neighborhoods of coefficients at adjacent positions and scales are modeled as the product of two independent random variables: a Gaussian vecto ..."
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Cited by 513 (17 self)
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coefficient reduces to a weighted average of the local linear estimates over all possible values of the hidden multiplier variable. We demonstrate through simulations with images contaminated by additive white Gaussian noise that the performance of this method substantially surpasses that of previously
Approximation by Superpositions of a Sigmoidal Function
, 1989
"... In this paper we demonstrate that finite linear combinations of compositions of a fixed, univariate function and a set ofaffine functionals can uniformly approximate any continuous function of n real variables with support in the unit hypercube; only mild conditions are imposed on the univariate fun ..."
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Cited by 1248 (2 self)
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In this paper we demonstrate that finite linear combinations of compositions of a fixed, univariate function and a set ofaffine functionals can uniformly approximate any continuous function of n real variables with support in the unit hypercube; only mild conditions are imposed on the univariate
From Few to many: Illumination cone models for face recognition under variable lighting and pose
 IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
, 2001
"... We present a generative appearancebased method for recognizing human faces under variation in lighting and viewpoint. Our method exploits the fact that the set of images of an object in fixed pose, but under all possible illumination conditions, is a convex cone in the space of images. Using a smal ..."
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Cited by 754 (12 self)
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We present a generative appearancebased method for recognizing human faces under variation in lighting and viewpoint. Our method exploits the fact that the set of images of an object in fixed pose, but under all possible illumination conditions, is a convex cone in the space of images. Using a
A Bayesian method for the induction of probabilistic networks from data
 MACHINE LEARNING
, 1992
"... This paper presents a Bayesian method for constructing probabilistic networks from databases. In particular, we focus on constructing Bayesian belief networks. Potential applications include computerassisted hypothesis testing, automated scientific discovery, and automated construction of probabili ..."
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Cited by 1400 (31 self)
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of probabilistic expert systems. We extend the basic method to handle missing data and hidden (latent) variables. We show how to perform probabilistic inference by averaging over the inferences of multiple belief networks. Results are presented of a preliminary evaluation of an algorithm for constructing a belief
Using SeDuMi 1.02, a MATLAB toolbox for optimization over symmetric cones
, 1998
"... SeDuMi is an addon for MATLAB, that lets you solve optimization problems with linear, quadratic and semidefiniteness constraints. It is possible to have complex valued data and variables in SeDuMi. Moreover, large scale optimization problems are solved efficiently, by exploiting sparsity. This pape ..."
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Cited by 1368 (5 self)
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SeDuMi is an addon for MATLAB, that lets you solve optimization problems with linear, quadratic and semidefiniteness constraints. It is possible to have complex valued data and variables in SeDuMi. Moreover, large scale optimization problems are solved efficiently, by exploiting sparsity
A View Of The Em Algorithm That Justifies Incremental, Sparse, And Other Variants
 Learning in Graphical Models
, 1998
"... . The EM algorithm performs maximum likelihood estimation for data in which some variables are unobserved. We present a function that resembles negative free energy and show that the M step maximizes this function with respect to the model parameters and the E step maximizes it with respect to the d ..."
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Cited by 993 (18 self)
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. The EM algorithm performs maximum likelihood estimation for data in which some variables are unobserved. We present a function that resembles negative free energy and show that the M step maximizes this function with respect to the model parameters and the E step maximizes it with respect
Exploiting Generative Models in Discriminative Classifiers
 In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 11
, 1998
"... Generative probability models such as hidden Markov models provide a principled way of treating missing information and dealing with variable length sequences. On the other hand, discriminative methods such as support vector machines enable us to construct flexible decision boundaries and often resu ..."
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Cited by 551 (9 self)
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Generative probability models such as hidden Markov models provide a principled way of treating missing information and dealing with variable length sequences. On the other hand, discriminative methods such as support vector machines enable us to construct flexible decision boundaries and often
Training Products of Experts by Minimizing Contrastive Divergence
, 2002
"... It is possible to combine multiple latentvariable models of the same data by multiplying their probability distributions together and then renormalizing. This way of combining individual “expert ” models makes it hard to generate samples from the combined model but easy to infer the values of the l ..."
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Cited by 850 (75 self)
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It is possible to combine multiple latentvariable models of the same data by multiplying their probability distributions together and then renormalizing. This way of combining individual “expert ” models makes it hard to generate samples from the combined model but easy to infer the values
Results 1  10
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33,683