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Improved methods for building protein models in electron density maps and the location of errors in these models. Acta Crystallogr. sect
 A
, 1991
"... Map interpretation remains a critical step in solving the structure of a macromolecule. Errors introduced at this early stage may persist throughout crystallographic refinement and result in an incorrect structure. The normally quoted crystallographic residual is often a poor description for the q ..."
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Cited by 1051 (9 self)
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for the quality of the model. Strategies and tools are described that help to alleviate this problem. These simplify the modelbuilding process, quantify the goodness of fit of the model on a perresidue basis and locate possible errors in peptide and sidechain conformations.
LowDensity ParityCheck Codes
, 1963
"... Preface The Noisy Channel Coding Theorem discovered by C. E. Shannon in 1948 offered communication engineers the possibility of reducing error rates on noisy channels to negligible levels without sacrificing data rates. The primary obstacle to the practical use of this theorem has been the equipment ..."
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Cited by 1366 (1 self)
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Preface The Noisy Channel Coding Theorem discovered by C. E. Shannon in 1948 offered communication engineers the possibility of reducing error rates on noisy channels to negligible levels without sacrificing data rates. The primary obstacle to the practical use of this theorem has been
A Program for Aligning Sentences in Bilingual Corpora
, 1993
"... This paper will describe a method and a program (align) for aligning sentences based on a simple statistical model of character lengths. The program uses the fact that longer sentences in one language tend to be translated into longer sentences in the other language, and that shorter sentences tend ..."
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Cited by 529 (5 self)
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but 4% of the sentences. Moreover, it is possible to extract a large subcorpus that has a much smaller error rate. By selecting the bestscoring 80% of the alignments, the error rate is reduced from 4% to 0.7%. There were more errors on the EnglishFrench subcorpus than on the EnglishGerman subcorpus
Orthogonal matching pursuit: Recursive function approximation with applications to wavelet decomposition
 in Conference Record of The TwentySeventh Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers
, 1993
"... In this paper we describe a recursive algorithm to compute representations of functions with respect to nonorthogonal and possibly overcomplete dictionaries of elementary building blocks e.g. aiEne (wa.velet) frames. We propoeea modification to the Matching Pursuit algorithm of Mallat and Zhang (199 ..."
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Cited by 637 (1 self)
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In this paper we describe a recursive algorithm to compute representations of functions with respect to nonorthogonal and possibly overcomplete dictionaries of elementary building blocks e.g. aiEne (wa.velet) frames. We propoeea modification to the Matching Pursuit algorithm of Mallat and Zhang
Incorporating nonlocal information into information extraction systems by Gibbs sampling
 IN ACL
, 2005
"... Most current statistical natural language processing models use only local features so as to permit dynamic programming in inference, but this makes them unable to fully account for the long distance structure that is prevalent in language use. We show how to solve this dilemma with Gibbs sampling, ..."
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Cited by 730 (25 self)
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, a simple Monte Carlo method used to perform approximate inference in factored probabilistic models. By using simulated annealing in place of Viterbi decoding in sequence models such as HMMs, CMMs, and CRFs, it is possible to incorporate nonlocal structure while preserving tractable inference. We
TOSSIM: Accurate and Scalable Simulation of Entire TinyOS Applications
, 2003
"... Accurate and scalable simulation has historically been a key enabling factor for systems research. We present TOSSIM, a simulator for TinyOS wireless sensor networks. By exploiting the sensor network domain and TinyOS’s design, TOSSIM can capture network behavior at a high fidelity while scaling to ..."
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Cited by 784 (19 self)
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to thousands of nodes. By using a probabilistic bit error model for the network, TOSSIM remains simple and efficient, but expressive enough to capture a wide range of network interactions. Using TOSSIM, we have discovered several bugs in TinyOS, ranging from network bitlevel MAC interactions to queue overflows
The Quickhull algorithm for convex hulls
 ACM TRANSACTIONS ON MATHEMATICAL SOFTWARE
, 1996
"... The convex hull of a set of points is the smallest convex set that contains the points. This article presents a practical convex hull algorithm that combines the twodimensional Quickhull Algorithm with the generaldimension BeneathBeyond Algorithm. It is similar to the randomized, incremental algo ..."
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Cited by 713 (0 self)
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is implemented with floatingpoint arithmetic, this assumption can lead to serious errors. We briefly describe a solution to this problem when computing the convex hull in two, three, or four dimensions. The output is a set of “thick ” facets that contain all possible exact convex hulls of the input. A variation
Image denoising using a scale mixture of Gaussians in the wavelet domain
 IEEE TRANS IMAGE PROCESSING
, 2003
"... We describe a method for removing noise from digital images, based on a statistical model of the coefficients of an overcomplete multiscale oriented basis. Neighborhoods of coefficients at adjacent positions and scales are modeled as the product of two independent random variables: a Gaussian vecto ..."
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Cited by 513 (17 self)
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coefficient reduces to a weighted average of the local linear estimates over all possible values of the hidden multiplier variable. We demonstrate through simulations with images contaminated by additive white Gaussian noise that the performance of this method substantially surpasses that of previously
Stable signal recovery from incomplete and inaccurate measurements,”
 Comm. Pure Appl. Math.,
, 2006
"... Abstract Suppose we wish to recover a vector x 0 ∈ R m (e.g., a digital signal or image) from incomplete and contaminated observations y = Ax 0 + e; A is an n × m matrix with far fewer rows than columns (n m) and e is an error term. Is it possible to recover x 0 accurately based on the data y? To r ..."
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Cited by 1397 (38 self)
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Abstract Suppose we wish to recover a vector x 0 ∈ R m (e.g., a digital signal or image) from incomplete and contaminated observations y = Ax 0 + e; A is an n × m matrix with far fewer rows than columns (n m) and e is an error term. Is it possible to recover x 0 accurately based on the data y
Decoding by Linear Programming
, 2004
"... This paper considers the classical error correcting problem which is frequently discussed in coding theory. We wish to recover an input vector f ∈ Rn from corrupted measurements y = Af + e. Here, A is an m by n (coding) matrix and e is an arbitrary and unknown vector of errors. Is it possible to rec ..."
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Cited by 1399 (16 self)
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This paper considers the classical error correcting problem which is frequently discussed in coding theory. We wish to recover an input vector f ∈ Rn from corrupted measurements y = Af + e. Here, A is an m by n (coding) matrix and e is an arbitrary and unknown vector of errors. Is it possible
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