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The Dantzig selector: statistical estimation when p is much larger than n
, 2005
"... In many important statistical applications, the number of variables or parameters p is much larger than the number of observations n. Suppose then that we have observations y = Ax + z, where x ∈ R p is a parameter vector of interest, A is a data matrix with possibly far fewer rows than columns, n ≪ ..."
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Cited by 854 (14 self)
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, where r is the residual vector y − A˜x and t is a positive scalar. We show that if A obeys a uniform uncertainty principle (with unitnormed columns) and if the true parameter vector x is sufficiently sparse (which here roughly guarantees that the model is identifiable), then with very large probability
Image denoising using a scale mixture of Gaussians in the wavelet domain
 IEEE TRANS IMAGE PROCESSING
, 2003
"... We describe a method for removing noise from digital images, based on a statistical model of the coefficients of an overcomplete multiscale oriented basis. Neighborhoods of coefficients at adjacent positions and scales are modeled as the product of two independent random variables: a Gaussian vecto ..."
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Cited by 510 (17 self)
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vector and a hidden positive scalar multiplier. The latter modulates the local variance of the coefficients in the neighborhood, and is thus able to account for the empirically observed correlation between the coefficient amplitudes. Under this model, the Bayesian least squares estimate of each
Thumbs up? Sentiment Classification using Machine Learning Techniques
 IN PROCEEDINGS OF EMNLP
, 2002
"... We consider the problem of classifying documents not by topic, but by overall sentiment, e.g., determining whether a review is positive or negative. Using movie reviews as data, we find that standard machine learning techniques definitively outperform humanproduced baselines. However, the three mac ..."
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Cited by 1031 (7 self)
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We consider the problem of classifying documents not by topic, but by overall sentiment, e.g., determining whether a review is positive or negative. Using movie reviews as data, we find that standard machine learning techniques definitively outperform humanproduced baselines. However, the three
An Optimal Algorithm for Approximate Nearest Neighbor Searching in Fixed Dimensions
 ACMSIAM SYMPOSIUM ON DISCRETE ALGORITHMS
, 1994
"... Consider a set S of n data points in real ddimensional space, R d , where distances are measured using any Minkowski metric. In nearest neighbor searching we preprocess S into a data structure, so that given any query point q 2 R d , the closest point of S to q can be reported quickly. Given any po ..."
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Cited by 972 (32 self)
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positive real ffl, a data point p is a (1 + ffl)approximate nearest neighbor of q if its distance from q is within a factor of (1 + ffl) of the distance to the true nearest neighbor. We show that it is possible to preprocess a set of n points in R d in O(dn log n) time and O(dn) space, so that given a
Statistics for Experimenters
, 2005
"... R factor = 0.052; wR factor = 0.114; datatoparameter ratio = 18.4. The title compound, [Zn(C8H10F3O2)2(CH4O)2], is a dimethanol coordinated zinc complex with the acetyl acetonate derivative 1,1,1trifluoro5,5dimethylhexane2,4dionate. The bisdiketonate complex, which is isostructural with its ..."
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Cited by 641 (1 self)
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R factor = 0.052; wR factor = 0.114; datatoparameter ratio = 18.4. The title compound, [Zn(C8H10F3O2)2(CH4O)2], is a dimethanol coordinated zinc complex with the acetyl acetonate derivative 1,1,1trifluoro5,5dimethylhexane2,4dionate. The bisdiketonate complex, which is isostructural with its
Unrealistic optimism about future life events
 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
, 1980
"... Two studies investigated the tendency of people to be unrealistically optimistic about future life events. In Study 1, 258 college students estimated how much their own chances of experiencing 42 events differed from the chances of their classmates. Overall, they rated their own chances to be above ..."
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Cited by 499 (0 self)
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bias evoked by different events. All predictions were supported, although the pattern of effects differed for positive and negative events. Study 2 tested the idea that people are unrealistically optimistic because they focus on factors that improve their own chances of achieving desirable outcomes
GPSless Low Cost Outdoor Localization For Very Small Devices
"... Instrumenting the physical world through large networks of wireless sensor nodes, particularly for applications like environmental monitoring of water and soil, requires that these nodes be very small, light, untethered and unobtrusive. The problem of localization, i.e., determining where a given n ..."
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Cited by 983 (27 self)
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node is physically located in a network is a challenging one, and yet extremely crucial for many of these applications. Practical considerations such as the small size, form factor, cost and power constraints of nodes preclude the reliance on GPS (Global Positioning System) on all nodes
Studies of transformation of Escherichia coli with plasmids
 J. Mol. Biol
, 1983
"... Factors that affect he probability of genetic transformation f Escherichia coli by plasmids have been evaluated. A set of conditions is described under which about one in every 400 plasmid molecules produces a transformed cell. These conditions include cell growth in medium containing elevated level ..."
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Cited by 1613 (1 self)
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Factors that affect he probability of genetic transformation f Escherichia coli by plasmids have been evaluated. A set of conditions is described under which about one in every 400 plasmid molecules produces a transformed cell. These conditions include cell growth in medium containing elevated
Proof verification and hardness of approximation problems
 IN PROC. 33RD ANN. IEEE SYMP. ON FOUND. OF COMP. SCI
, 1992
"... We show that every language in NP has a probablistic verifier that checks membership proofs for it using logarithmic number of random bits and by examining a constant number of bits in the proof. If a string is in the language, then there exists a proof such that the verifier accepts with probabilit ..."
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Cited by 793 (39 self)
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vertex cover, maximum satisfiability, maximum cut, metric TSP, Steiner trees and shortest superstring. We also improve upon the clique hardness results of Feige, Goldwasser, Lovász, Safra and Szegedy [42], and Arora and Safra [6] and shows that there exists a positive ɛ such that approximating
Cumulated Gainbased Evaluation of IR Techniques
 ACM Transactions on Information Systems
, 2002
"... Modem large retrieval environments tend to overwhelm their users by their large output. Since all documents are not of equal relevance to their users, highly relevant documents should be identified and ranked first for presentation to the users. In order to develop IR techniques to this direction, i ..."
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Cited by 657 (3 self)
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. Alternatively, novel measures based on graded relevance assessments may be developed. This paper proposes three novel measures that compute the cumulative gain the user obtains by examining the retrieval result up to a given ranked position. The first one accumulates the relevance scores of retrieved documents
Results 1  10
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