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2,961,856
Maximum entropy markov models for information extraction and segmentation
, 2000
"... Hidden Markov models (HMMs) are a powerful probabilistic tool for modeling sequential data, and have been applied with success to many textrelated tasks, such as partofspeech tagging, text segmentation and information extraction. In these cases, the observations are usually modeled as multinomial ..."
Abstract

Cited by 553 (17 self)
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, capitalization, formatting, partofspeech), and defines the conditional probability of state sequences given observation sequences. It does this by using the maximum entropy framework to fit a set of exponential models that represent the probability of a state given an observation and the previous state. We
Toward a model of text comprehension and production
 Psychological Review
, 1978
"... The semantic structure of texts can be described both at the local microlevel and at a more global macrolevel. A model for text comprehension based on this notion accounts for the formation of a coherent semantic text base in terms of a cyclical process constrained by limitations of working memory. ..."
Abstract

Cited by 542 (12 self)
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The semantic structure of texts can be described both at the local microlevel and at a more global macrolevel. A model for text comprehension based on this notion accounts for the formation of a coherent semantic text base in terms of a cyclical process constrained by limitations of working memory
Face Recognition Based on Fitting a 3D Morphable Model
 IEEE TRANS. PATTERN ANAL. MACH. INTELL
, 2003
"... This paper presents a method for face recognition across variations in pose, ranging from frontal to profile views, and across a wide range of illuminations, including cast shadows and specular reflections. To account for these variations, the algorithm simulates the process of image formation in 3D ..."
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Cited by 543 (19 self)
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This paper presents a method for face recognition across variations in pose, ranging from frontal to profile views, and across a wide range of illuminations, including cast shadows and specular reflections. To account for these variations, the algorithm simulates the process of image formation in 3
Moses: Open Source Toolkit for Statistical Machine Translation
 ACL
, 2007
"... We describe an opensource toolkit for statistical machine translation whose novel contributions are (a) support for linguistically motivated factors, (b) confusion network decoding, and (c) efficient data formats for translation models and language models. In addition to the SMT decoder, the toolki ..."
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Cited by 1463 (63 self)
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We describe an opensource toolkit for statistical machine translation whose novel contributions are (a) support for linguistically motivated factors, (b) confusion network decoding, and (c) efficient data formats for translation models and language models. In addition to the SMT decoder
Quantile Regression
 JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVES—VOLUME 15, NUMBER 4—FALL 2001—PAGES 143–156
, 2001
"... We say that a student scores at the fifth quantile of a standardized exam if he performs better than the proportion � of the reference group of students and worse than the proportion (1–�). Thus, half of students perform better than the median student and half perform worse. Similarly, the quartiles ..."
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Cited by 936 (10 self)
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, the quartiles divide the population into four segments with equal proportions of the reference population in each segment. The quintiles divide the population into five parts; the deciles into ten parts. The quantiles, or percentiles, or occasionally fractiles, refer to the general case. Quantile regression
A new learning algorithm for blind signal separation

, 1996
"... A new online learning algorithm which minimizes a statistical dependency among outputs is derived for blind separation of mixed signals. The dependency is measured by the average mutual information (MI) of the outputs. The source signals and the mixing matrix are unknown except for the number of ..."
Abstract

Cited by 614 (80 self)
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A new online learning algorithm which minimizes a statistical dependency among outputs is derived for blind separation of mixed signals. The dependency is measured by the average mutual information (MI) of the outputs. The source signals and the mixing matrix are unknown except for the number
Virtual Time and Global States of Distributed Systems
 PARALLEL AND DISTRIBUTED ALGORITHMS
, 1988
"... A distributed system can be characterized by the fact that the global state is distributed and that a common time base does not exist. However, the notion of time is an important concept in every day life of our decentralized "real world" and helps to solve problems like getting a consiste ..."
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Cited by 734 (5 self)
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A distributed system can be characterized by the fact that the global state is distributed and that a common time base does not exist. However, the notion of time is an important concept in every day life of our decentralized "real world" and helps to solve problems like getting a
The particel swarm: Explosion, stability, and convergence in a multidimensional complex space
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON EVOLUTIONARY COMPUTION
"... The particle swarm is an algorithm for finding optimal regions of complex search spaces through interaction of individuals in a population of particles. Though the algorithm, which is based on a metaphor of social interaction, has been shown to perform well, researchers have not adequately explained ..."
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Cited by 822 (10 self)
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The particle swarm is an algorithm for finding optimal regions of complex search spaces through interaction of individuals in a population of particles. Though the algorithm, which is based on a metaphor of social interaction, has been shown to perform well, researchers have not adequately
Bigtable: A distributed storage system for structured data
 IN PROCEEDINGS OF THE 7TH CONFERENCE ON USENIX SYMPOSIUM ON OPERATING SYSTEMS DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION  VOLUME 7
, 2006
"... Bigtable is a distributed storage system for managing structured data that is designed to scale to a very large size: petabytes of data across thousands of commodity servers. Many projects at Google store data in Bigtable, including web indexing, Google Earth, and Google Finance. These applications ..."
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Cited by 994 (3 self)
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for all of these Google products. In this paper we describe the simple data model provided by Bigtable, which gives clients dynamic control over data layout and format, and we describe the design and implementation of Bigtable.
InductiveDataType Systems
, 2002
"... In a previous work ("Abstract Data Type Systems", TCS 173(2), 1997), the leI two authors presented a combined lmbined made of a (strongl normal3zG9 alrmal rewrite system and a typed #calA#Ik enriched by patternmatching definitions folnitio a certain format,calat the "General Schem ..."
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Cited by 815 (23 self)
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more general cler of inductive types, cals, "strictly positive", and to ease the strong normalgAg9Ik proof of theresulGGg system. Thisresul provides a computation model for the combination of anal"DAfGI specification language based on abstract data types and of astrongl typed functional
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