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Particle Systems  A Technique for Modeling a Class of Fuzzy Objects
 ACM Transactions on Graphics
, 1983
"... This paper introduces particle systemsa method for modeling fuzzy objects such as fire, clouds, and water. Particle systems model an object as a cloud of primitive particles that define its volume. Over a period of time, particles are generated into the system, move and change form within the syst ..."
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Cited by 386 (0 self)
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This paper introduces particle systemsa method for modeling fuzzy objects such as fire, clouds, and water. Particle systems model an object as a cloud of primitive particles that define its volume. Over a period of time, particles are generated into the system, move and change form within
Traffic and related selfdriven manyparticle systems
, 2000
"... Since the subject of traffic dynamics has captured the interest of physicists, many surprising effects have been revealed and explained. Some of the questions now understood are the following: Why are vehicles sometimes stopped by ‘‘phantom traffic jams’ ’ even though drivers all like to drive fast? ..."
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Cited by 345 (39 self)
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driven manyparticle systems. This article considers the empirical data and then reviews the main approaches to modeling pedestrian and vehicle traffic. These include microscopic (particlebased), mesoscopic (gaskinetic), and macroscopic (fluiddynamic) models. Attention is also paid to the formulation of a
A Fast Algorithm for Particle Simulations
, 1987
"... this paper to the case where the potential (or force) at a point is a sum of pairwise An algorithm is presented for the rapid evaluation of the potential and force fields in systems involving large numbers of particles interactions. More specifically, we consider potentials of whose interactions a ..."
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Cited by 1154 (19 self)
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this paper to the case where the potential (or force) at a point is a sum of pairwise An algorithm is presented for the rapid evaluation of the potential and force fields in systems involving large numbers of particles interactions. More specifically, we consider potentials of whose interactions
Surface Modeling with Oriented Particle Systems
 COMPUTER GRAPHICS
, 1991
"... Splines and deformable surface models are widely used in computer graphics to describe freeform surfaces. These methods require manual preprocessing to discretize the surface into patches and to specify their connectivity. We present a new model of elastic surfaces based on interacting particle sys ..."
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Cited by 216 (6 self)
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systems, which, unlike previous techniques, can be used to split, join, or extend surfaces without the need for manual intervention. The particles we use have longrange attraction forces and shortrange repulsion forces and follow Newtonian dynamics, much like recent computational models of fluids
A tutorial on particle filters for online nonlinear/nonGaussian Bayesian tracking
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING
, 2002
"... Increasingly, for many application areas, it is becoming important to include elements of nonlinearity and nonGaussianity in order to model accurately the underlying dynamics of a physical system. Moreover, it is typically crucial to process data online as it arrives, both from the point of view o ..."
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Cited by 2011 (2 self)
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Increasingly, for many application areas, it is becoming important to include elements of nonlinearity and nonGaussianity in order to model accurately the underlying dynamics of a physical system. Moreover, it is typically crucial to process data online as it arrives, both from the point of view
Flocks, herds, and schools: a distributed behavior model,
 Proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH
, 1987
"... Abstract The aggregate motion of a flock of birds, a herd of land animals, or a school of fish is a beautiful and familiar part of the natural world. But this type of complex motion is rarely seen in computer animation. This paper explores an approach based on simulation as an alternative to script ..."
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Cited by 1315 (5 self)
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to scripting the paths of each bird individually. The simulated flock is an elaboration of a particle system, with the simulated birds being the particles. The aggregate motion of the simulated flock is created by a distributed behavioral model much like that at work in a natural flock; the birds choose
The particel swarm: Explosion, stability, and convergence in a multidimensional complex space
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON EVOLUTIONARY COMPUTION
"... The particle swarm is an algorithm for finding optimal regions of complex search spaces through interaction of individuals in a population of particles. Though the algorithm, which is based on a metaphor of social interaction, has been shown to perform well, researchers have not adequately explained ..."
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Cited by 862 (10 self)
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The particle swarm is an algorithm for finding optimal regions of complex search spaces through interaction of individuals in a population of particles. Though the algorithm, which is based on a metaphor of social interaction, has been shown to perform well, researchers have not adequately
Large steps in cloth simulation
 SIGGRAPH 98 Conference Proceedings
, 1998
"... The bottleneck in most cloth simulation systems is that time steps must be small to avoid numerical instability. This paper describes a cloth simulation system that can stably take large time steps. The simulation system couples a new technique for enforcing constraints on individual cloth particle ..."
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Cited by 577 (5 self)
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as well. The implicit integration method generates a large, unbanded sparse linear system at each time step which is solved using a modified conjugate gradient method that simultaneously enforces particles ’ constraints. The constraints are always maintained exactly, independent of the number of conjugate
Teleporting an Unknown Quantum State via Dual Classical and EPR Channels
, 1993
"... An unknown quantum state jOEi can be disassembled into, then later reconstructed from, purely classical information and purely nonclassical EPR correlations. To do so the sender, "Alice," and the receiver, "Bob," must prearrange the sharing of an EPRcorrelated pair of particles. ..."
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Cited by 648 (22 self)
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. Alice makes a joint measurement on her EPR particle and the unknown quantum system, and sends Bob the classical result of this measurement. Knowing this, Bob can convert the state of his EPR particle into an exact replica of the unknown state jOEi which Alice destroyed. Expanded version of manuscript
Earthquake Shakes Twitter Users: Realtime Event Detection by Social Sensors
 In Proceedings of the Nineteenth International WWW Conference (WWW2010). ACM
, 2010
"... Twitter, a popular microblogging service, has received much attention recently. An important characteristic of Twitter is its realtime nature. For example, when an earthquake occurs, people make many Twitter posts (tweets) related to the earthquake, which enables detection of earthquake occurrence ..."
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Cited by 518 (4 self)
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, which are widely used for location estimation in ubiquitous/pervasive computing. The particle filter works better than other compared methods in estimating the centers of earthquakes and the trajectories of typhoons. As an application, we construct an earthquake reporting system in Japan. Because
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