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53,524
Testing the pecking order theory of capital structure
, 2003
"... We test the pecking order theory of corporate leverage on a broad crosssection of publicly traded American firms for 1971 to 1998. Contrary to the pecking order theory, net equity issues trackthe financing deficit more closely than do net debt issues. While large firms exhibit some aspects of pecki ..."
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Cited by 247 (5 self)
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We test the pecking order theory of corporate leverage on a broad crosssection of publicly traded American firms for 1971 to 1998. Contrary to the pecking order theory, net equity issues trackthe financing deficit more closely than do net debt issues. While large firms exhibit some aspects
Stochastic Perturbation Theory
, 1988
"... . In this paper classical matrix perturbation theory is approached from a probabilistic point of view. The perturbed quantity is approximated by a firstorder perturbation expansion, in which the perturbation is assumed to be random. This permits the computation of statistics estimating the variatio ..."
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Cited by 907 (36 self)
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. In this paper classical matrix perturbation theory is approached from a probabilistic point of view. The perturbed quantity is approximated by a firstorder perturbation expansion, in which the perturbation is assumed to be random. This permits the computation of statistics estimating
USER’S GUIDE TO VISCOSITY SOLUTIONS OF SECOND ORDER PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS
, 1992
"... The notion of viscosity solutions of scalar fully nonlinear partial differential equations of second order provides a framework in which startling comparison and uniqueness theorems, existence theorems, and theorems about continuous dependence may now be proved by very efficient and striking argume ..."
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Cited by 1399 (16 self)
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The notion of viscosity solutions of scalar fully nonlinear partial differential equations of second order provides a framework in which startling comparison and uniqueness theorems, existence theorems, and theorems about continuous dependence may now be proved by very efficient and striking
A theory of social comparison processes,”
 Human Relations,
, 1954
"... In this paper we shall present a further development of a previously published theory concerning opinion influence processes in social groups (7). This further development has enabled us to extend the theory to deal with other areas, in addition to opinion formation, in which social comparison is i ..."
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Cited by 1318 (0 self)
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In this paper we shall present a further development of a previously published theory concerning opinion influence processes in social groups (7). This further development has enabled us to extend the theory to deal with other areas, in addition to opinion formation, in which social comparison
A Theory of Diagnosis from First Principles
 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
, 1987
"... Suppose one is given a description of a system, together with an observation of the system's behaviour which conflicts with the way the system is meant to behave. The diagnostic problem is to determine those components of the system which, when assumed to be functioning abnormally, will explain ..."
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Cited by 1120 (5 self)
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, will explain the discrepancy between the observed and correct system behaviour. We propose a general theory for this problem. The theory requires only that the system be described in a suitable logic. Moreover, there are many such suitable logics, e.g. firstorder, temporal, dynamic, etc. As a result
Axiomatic quantum field theory in curved spacetime
, 2008
"... The usual formulations of quantum field theory in Minkowski spacetime make crucial use of features—such as Poincare invariance and the existence of a preferred vacuum state—that are very special to Minkowski spacetime. In order to generalize the formulation of quantum field theory to arbitrary globa ..."
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Cited by 689 (18 self)
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The usual formulations of quantum field theory in Minkowski spacetime make crucial use of features—such as Poincare invariance and the existence of a preferred vacuum state—that are very special to Minkowski spacetime. In order to generalize the formulation of quantum field theory to arbitrary
The theory and practice of corporate finance: Evidence from the field
 Journal of Financial Economics
, 2001
"... We survey 392 CFOs about the cost of capital, capital budgeting, and capital structure. Large firms rely heavily on present value techniques and the capital asset pricing model, while small firms are relatively likely to use the payback criterion. We find that a surprising number of firms use their ..."
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Cited by 725 (23 self)
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their firm risk rather than project risk in evaluating new investments. Firms are concerned about maintaining financial flexibility and a good credit rating when issuing debt, and earnings per share dilution and recent stock price appreciation when issuing equity. We find some support for the peckingorder
KodairaSpencer theory of gravity and exact results for quantum string amplitudes
 Commun. Math. Phys
, 1994
"... We develop techniques to compute higher loop string amplitudes for twisted N = 2 theories with ĉ = 3 (i.e. the critical case). An important ingredient is the discovery of an anomaly at every genus in decoupling of BRST trivial states, captured to all orders by a master anomaly equation. In a particu ..."
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Cited by 540 (59 self)
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We develop techniques to compute higher loop string amplitudes for twisted N = 2 theories with ĉ = 3 (i.e. the critical case). An important ingredient is the discovery of an anomaly at every genus in decoupling of BRST trivial states, captured to all orders by a master anomaly equation. In a
Aging: a theory based on free radical and radiation chemistry
 J Gerontol
, 1956
"... The phenomenon of growth, decline and deathaginghas been the source of considerable speculation (1, 8, 10). This cycle seems to be a more or less direct function of the metabolic rate and this in turn depends on the species (animal or plant) on which are superimposed the factors of heredity and ..."
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Cited by 637 (2 self)
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lates set forth some years ago that free radicals were involved in biologic oxidationreduction reactions (11, 13). Are some of these free radicals OH and/or HO or radicals of a similar high order of reactivity, and where might they arise in the cell? The most likely source of OH and HO, radi
The Semantics of Predicate Logic as a Programming Language
 JOURNAL OF THE ACM
, 1976
"... Sentences in firstorder predicate logic can be usefully interpreted as programs In this paper the operational and fixpoint semantics of predicate logic programs are defined, and the connections with the proof theory and model theory of logic are investigated It is concluded that operational seman ..."
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Cited by 808 (18 self)
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Sentences in firstorder predicate logic can be usefully interpreted as programs In this paper the operational and fixpoint semantics of predicate logic programs are defined, and the connections with the proof theory and model theory of logic are investigated It is concluded that operational
Results 1  10
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53,524