Results 11  20
of
708,444
Bayes Factors
, 1995
"... In a 1935 paper, and in his book Theory of Probability, Jeffreys developed a methodology for quantifying the evidence in favor of a scientific theory. The centerpiece was a number, now called the Bayes factor, which is the posterior odds of the null hypothesis when the prior probability on the null ..."
Abstract

Cited by 1766 (74 self)
 Add to MetaCart
In a 1935 paper, and in his book Theory of Probability, Jeffreys developed a methodology for quantifying the evidence in favor of a scientific theory. The centerpiece was a number, now called the Bayes factor, which is the posterior odds of the null hypothesis when the prior probability on the null
Maximum entropy markov models for information extraction and segmentation
, 2000
"... Hidden Markov models (HMMs) are a powerful probabilistic tool for modeling sequential data, and have been applied with success to many textrelated tasks, such as partofspeech tagging, text segmentation and information extraction. In these cases, the observations are usually modeled as multinomial ..."
Abstract

Cited by 554 (18 self)
 Add to MetaCart
, capitalization, formatting, partofspeech), and defines the conditional probability of state sequences given observation sequences. It does this by using the maximum entropy framework to fit a set of exponential models that represent the probability of a state given an observation and the previous state. We
A solution to Plato’s problem: The latent semantic analysis theory of acquisition, induction, and representation of knowledge
 PSYCHOLOGICAL REVIEW
, 1997
"... How do people know as much as they do with as little information as they get? The problem takes many forms; learning vocabulary from text is an especially dramatic and convenient case for research. A new general theory of acquired similarity and knowledge representation, latent semantic analysis (LS ..."
Abstract

Cited by 1772 (10 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(LSA), is presented and used to successfully simulate such learning and several other psycholinguistic phenomena. By inducing global knowledge indirectly from local cooccurrence data in a large body of representative text, LSA acquired knowledge about the full vocabulary of English at a comparable
Automatic Word Sense Discrimination
 Journal of Computational Linguistics
, 1998
"... This paper presents contextgroup discrimination, a disambiguation algorithm based on clustering. Senses are interpreted as groups (or clusters) of similar contexts of the ambiguous word. Words, contexts, and senses are represented in Word Space, a highdimensional, realvalued space in which closen ..."
Abstract

Cited by 530 (1 self)
 Add to MetaCart
closeness corresponds to semantic similarity. Similarity in Word Space is based on secondorder cooccurrence: two tokens (or contexts) of the ambiguous word are assigned to the same sense cluster if the words they cooccur with in turn occur with similar words in a training corpus. The algorithm
Dynamic Itemset Counting and Implication Rules for Market Basket Data
, 1997
"... We consider the problem of analyzing marketbasket data and present several important contributions. First, we present a new algorithm for finding large itemsets which uses fewer passes over the data than classic algorithms, and yet uses fewer candidate itemsets than methods based on sampling. We in ..."
Abstract

Cited by 599 (6 self)
 Add to MetaCart
investigate the idea of item reordering, which can improve the lowlevel efficiency of the algorithm. Second, we present a new way of generating "implication rules," which are normalized based on both the antecedent and the consequent and are truly implications (not simply a measure of cooccurrence
SelfSimilarity Through HighVariability: Statistical Analysis of Ethernet LAN Traffic at the Source Level
 IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING
, 1997
"... A number of recent empirical studies of traffic measurements from a variety of working packet networks have convincingly demonstrated that actual network traffic is selfsimilar or longrange dependent in nature (i.e., bursty over a wide range of time scales)  in sharp contrast to commonly made tr ..."
Abstract

Cited by 740 (24 self)
 Add to MetaCart
traffic modeling assumptions. In this paper, we provide a plausible physical explanation for the occurrence of selfsimilarity in LAN traffic. Our explanation is based on new convergence results for processes that exhibit high variability (i.e., infinite variance) and is supported by detailed statistical
The Vocabulary Problem in HumanSystem Communication
 COMMUNICATIONS OF THE ACM
, 1987
"... In almost all computer applications, users must enter correct words for the desired objects or actions. For success without extensive training, or in firsttries for new targets, the system must recognize terms that will be chosen spontaneously. We studied spontaneous word choice for objects in five ..."
Abstract

Cited by 551 (8 self)
 Add to MetaCart
in five applicationrelated domains, and found the variability to be surprisingly large. In every case two people favored the same term with probability <0.20. Simulations show how this fundamental property of language limits the success of various design methodologies for vocabularydriven interaction
Verb Semantics And Lexical Selection
, 1994
"... ... structure. As Levin has addressed (Levin 1985), the decomposition of verbs is proposed for the purposes of accounting for systematic semanticsyntactic correspondences. This results in a series of problems for MT systems: inflexible verb sense definitions; difficulty in handling metaphor and new ..."
Abstract

Cited by 520 (4 self)
 Add to MetaCart
and new usages; imprecise lexical selection and insufficient system coverage. It seems one approach is to apply probability methods and statistical models for some of these problems. However, the question reminds: has PSR exhausted the potential of the knowledgebased approach? If not, are there any
A Simple Model of Capital Market Equilibrium with Incomplete Information
 JOURNAL OF FINANCE
, 1987
"... The sphere of modern financial economics encompases finance, micro investment theory and much of the economics of uncertainty. As is evident from its influence on other branches of economics including public finance, industrial organization and monetary theory, the boundaries of this sphere are both ..."
Abstract

Cited by 720 (2 self)
 Add to MetaCart
are both permeable and flexible. The complex interactions of time and uncertainty guarantee intellectual challenge and intrinsic excitement to the study of financial economics. Indeed, the mathematics of the subject contain some of the most interesting applications of probability and optimization theory
Word Sense Disambiguation by Web Mining for Word Cooccurrence Probabilities
, 2004
"... This paper describes the National Research Council (NRC) Word Sense Disambiguation (WSD) system, as applied to the English Lexical Sample (ELS) task in Senseval3. The NRC system approaches WSD as a classical supervised machine learning problem, using familiar tools such as the Weka machine learning ..."
Abstract

Cited by 4 (1 self)
 Add to MetaCart
features, based on word cooccurrence probabilities. The probabilities are estimated using the Waterloo MultiText System with a corpus of about one terabyte of unlabeled text, collected by a web crawler.
Results 11  20
of
708,444