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30,069
Guarded Commands, Nondeterminacy and Formal Derivation of Programs
, 1975
"... Socalled "guarded commands" are introduced as a building block for alternative and repetitive constructs that allow nondeterministic program components for which at least the activity evoked, but possibly even the final state, is not necessarily uniqilely determined by the initial state. ..."
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Cited by 527 (0 self)
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Socalled "guarded commands" are introduced as a building block for alternative and repetitive constructs that allow nondeterministic program components for which at least the activity evoked, but possibly even the final state, is not necessarily uniqilely determined by the initial state
NonDeterministic Exponential Time has TwoProver Interactive Protocols
"... We determine the exact power of twoprover interactive proof systems introduced by BenOr, Goldwasser, Kilian, and Wigderson (1988). In this system, two allpowerful noncommunicating provers convince a randomizing polynomial time verifier in polynomial time that the input z belongs to the language ..."
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Cited by 416 (37 self)
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to the language L. It was previously suspected (and proved in a relativized sense) that coNPcomplete languages do not admit such proof systems. In sharp contrast, we show that the class of languages having twoprover interactive proof systems is nondeterministic exponential time. After the recent results
Numerical Solutions of the Euler Equations by Finite Volume Methods Using RungeKutta TimeStepping Schemes
, 1981
"... A new combination of a finite volume discretization in conjunction with carefully designed dissipative terms of third order, and a Runge Kutta time stepping scheme, is shown to yield an effective method for solving the Euler equations in arbitrary geometric domains. The method has been used to deter ..."
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Cited by 517 (78 self)
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to determine the steady transonic flow past an airfoil using an O mesh. Convergence to a steady state is accelerated by the use of a variable time step determined by the local Courant member, and the introduction of a forcing term proportional to the difference between the local total enthalpy and its free
A comparative analysis of selection schemes used in genetic algorithms
 Foundations of Genetic Algorithms
, 1991
"... This paper considers a number of selection schemes commonly used in modern genetic algorithms. Specifically, proportionate reproduction, ranking selection, tournament selection, and Genitor (or «steady state") selection are compared on the basis of solutions to deterministic difference or d ..."
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Cited by 531 (31 self)
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This paper considers a number of selection schemes commonly used in modern genetic algorithms. Specifically, proportionate reproduction, ranking selection, tournament selection, and Genitor (or «steady state") selection are compared on the basis of solutions to deterministic difference
Nonlinear total variation based noise removal algorithms
, 1992
"... A constrained optimization type of numerical algorithm for removing noise from images is presented. The total variation of the image is minimized subject to constraints involving the statistics of the noise. The constraints are imposed using Lagrange multipliers. The solution is obtained using the g ..."
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Cited by 2271 (51 self)
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the gradientprojection method. This amounts to solving a time dependent partial differential equation on a manifold determined by the constraints. As t ~ 0o the solution converges to a steady state which is the denoised image. The numerical algorithm is simple and relatively fast. The results appear
The complexity of theoremproving procedures
 IN STOC
, 1971
"... It is shown that any recognition problem solved by a polynomial timebounded nondeterministic Turing machine can be “reduced” to the problem of determining whether a given propositional formula is a tautology. Here “reduced ” means, roughly speaking, that the first problem can be solved deterministi ..."
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Cited by 1050 (5 self)
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It is shown that any recognition problem solved by a polynomial timebounded nondeterministic Turing machine can be “reduced” to the problem of determining whether a given propositional formula is a tautology. Here “reduced ” means, roughly speaking, that the first problem can be solved
Monotone Complexity
, 1990
"... We give a general complexity classification scheme for monotone computation, including monotone spacebounded and Turing machine models not previously considered. We propose monotone complexity classes including mAC i , mNC i , mLOGCFL, mBWBP , mL, mNL, mP , mBPP and mNP . We define a simple ..."
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Cited by 2825 (11 self)
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simple notion of monotone reducibility and exhibit complete problems. This provides a framework for stating existing results and asking new questions. We show that mNL (monotone nondeterministic logspace) is not closed under complementation, in contrast to Immerman's and Szelepcs &apos
Identification of programmed cell death in situ via specific labeling of nuclear DNA fragmentation
 J. Cell
, 1992
"... Abstract. Programmed cell death (PCD) plays a key role in developmental biology and in maintenance of the steady state in continuously renewing tissues. Currently, its existence is inferred mainly from gel electrophoresis of a pooled DNA extract as PCD was shown to be associated with DNA fragmentati ..."
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Cited by 691 (0 self)
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Abstract. Programmed cell death (PCD) plays a key role in developmental biology and in maintenance of the steady state in continuously renewing tissues. Currently, its existence is inferred mainly from gel electrophoresis of a pooled DNA extract as PCD was shown to be associated with DNA
Modeling TCP Throughput: A Simple Model and its Empirical Validation
, 1998
"... In this paper we develop a simple analytic characterization of the steady state throughput, as a function of loss rate and round trip time for a bulk transfer TCP flow, i.e., a flow with an unlimited amount of data to send. Unlike the models in [6, 7, 10], our model captures not only the behavior of ..."
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Cited by 1337 (36 self)
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In this paper we develop a simple analytic characterization of the steady state throughput, as a function of loss rate and round trip time for a bulk transfer TCP flow, i.e., a flow with an unlimited amount of data to send. Unlike the models in [6, 7, 10], our model captures not only the behavior
Loopy belief propagation for approximate inference: An empirical study. In:
 Proceedings of Uncertainty in AI,
, 1999
"... Abstract Recently, researchers have demonstrated that "loopy belief propagation" the use of Pearl's polytree algorithm in a Bayesian network with loops can perform well in the context of errorcorrecting codes. The most dramatic instance of this is the near Shannonlimit performanc ..."
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Cited by 676 (15 self)
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steady states it seems reasonable to try to find a way to com bine the two values. The simplest thing to do is to average them. Unfortunately, this gave very poor re sults, since the correct posteriors do not usually lie in the midpoint of the interval ( cf. 2More precisely, we found that with a
Results 1  10
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30,069