Results 1  10
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4,104
Ideal spatial adaptation by wavelet shrinkage
 Biometrika
, 1994
"... With ideal spatial adaptation, an oracle furnishes information about how best to adapt a spatially variable estimator, whether piecewise constant, piecewise polynomial, variable knot spline, or variable bandwidth kernel, to the unknown function. Estimation with the aid of an oracle o ers dramatic ad ..."
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Cited by 1251 (5 self)
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advantages over traditional linear estimation by nonadaptive kernels � however, it is a priori unclear whether such performance can be obtained by a procedure relying on the data alone. We describe a new principle for spatiallyadaptive estimation: selective wavelet reconstruction. Weshowthatvariableknot
Image denoising using a scale mixture of Gaussians in the wavelet domain
 IEEE TRANS IMAGE PROCESSING
, 2003
"... We describe a method for removing noise from digital images, based on a statistical model of the coefficients of an overcomplete multiscale oriented basis. Neighborhoods of coefficients at adjacent positions and scales are modeled as the product of two independent random variables: a Gaussian vecto ..."
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Cited by 514 (17 self)
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We describe a method for removing noise from digital images, based on a statistical model of the coefficients of an overcomplete multiscale oriented basis. Neighborhoods of coefficients at adjacent positions and scales are modeled as the product of two independent random variables: a Gaussian vector and a hidden positive scalar multiplier. The latter modulates the local variance of the coefficients in the neighborhood, and is thus able to account for the empirically observed correlation between the coefficient amplitudes. Under this model, the Bayesian least squares estimate of each coefficient reduces to a weighted average of the local linear estimates over all possible values of the hidden multiplier variable. We demonstrate through simulations with images contaminated by additive white Gaussian noise that the performance of this method substantially surpasses that of previously published methods, both visually and in terms of mean squared error.
Compressive sampling
, 2006
"... Conventional wisdom and common practice in acquisition and reconstruction of images from frequency data follow the basic principle of the Nyquist density sampling theory. This principle states that to reconstruct an image, the number of Fourier samples we need to acquire must match the desired res ..."
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Cited by 1427 (15 self)
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Conventional wisdom and common practice in acquisition and reconstruction of images from frequency data follow the basic principle of the Nyquist density sampling theory. This principle states that to reconstruct an image, the number of Fourier samples we need to acquire must match the desired resolution of the image, i.e. the number of pixels in the image. This paper surveys an emerging theory which goes by the name of “compressive sampling” or “compressed sensing,” and which says that this conventional wisdom is inaccurate. Perhaps surprisingly, it is possible to reconstruct images or signals of scientific interest accurately and sometimes even exactly from a number of samples which is far smaller than the desired resolution of the image/signal, e.g. the number of pixels in the image. It is believed that compressive sampling has far reaching implications. For example, it suggests the possibility of new data acquisition protocols that translate analog information into digital form with fewer sensors than what was considered necessary. This new sampling theory may come to underlie procedures for sampling and compressing data simultaneously. In this short survey, we provide some of the key mathematical insights underlying this new theory, and explain some of the interactions between compressive sampling and other fields such as statistics, information theory, coding theory, and theoretical computer science.
Tinydb: An acquisitional query processing system for sensor networks
 ACM Trans. Database Syst
, 2005
"... We discuss the design of an acquisitional query processor for data collection in sensor networks. Acquisitional issues are those that pertain to where, when, and how often data is physically acquired (sampled) and delivered to query processing operators. By focusing on the locations and costs of acq ..."
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Cited by 609 (8 self)
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We discuss the design of an acquisitional query processor for data collection in sensor networks. Acquisitional issues are those that pertain to where, when, and how often data is physically acquired (sampled) and delivered to query processing operators. By focusing on the locations and costs of acquiring data, we are able to significantly reduce power consumption over traditional passive systems that assume the a priori existence of data. We discuss simple extensions to SQL for controlling data acquisition, and show how acquisitional issues influence query optimization, dissemination, and execution. We evaluate these issues in the context of TinyDB, a distributed query processor for smart sensor devices, and show how acquisitional techniques can provide significant reductions in power consumption on our sensor devices. Categories and Subject Descriptors: H.2.3 [Database Management]: Languages—Query languages; H.2.4 [Database Management]: Systems—Distributed databases; query processing
Survey on Independent Component Analysis
 NEURAL COMPUTING SURVEYS
, 1999
"... A common problem encountered in such disciplines as statistics, data analysis, signal processing, and neural network research, is nding a suitable representation of multivariate data. For computational and conceptual simplicity, such a representation is often sought as a linear transformation of the ..."
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Cited by 2241 (104 self)
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A common problem encountered in such disciplines as statistics, data analysis, signal processing, and neural network research, is nding a suitable representation of multivariate data. For computational and conceptual simplicity, such a representation is often sought as a linear transformation of the original data. Wellknown linear transformation methods include, for example, principal component analysis, factor analysis, and projection pursuit. A recently developed linear transformation method is independent component analysis (ICA), in which the desired representation is the one that minimizes the statistical dependence of the components of the representation. Such a representation seems to capture the essential structure of the data in many applications. In this paper, we survey the existing theory and methods for ICA.
A Parametric Texture Model based on Joint Statistics of Complex Wavelet Coefficients
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPUTER VISION
, 2000
"... We present a universal statistical model for texture images in the context of an overcomplete complex wavelet transform. The model is parameterized by a set of statistics computed on pairs of coefficients corresponding to basis functions at adjacent spatial locations, orientations, and scales. We de ..."
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Cited by 409 (13 self)
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We present a universal statistical model for texture images in the context of an overcomplete complex wavelet transform. The model is parameterized by a set of statistics computed on pairs of coefficients corresponding to basis functions at adjacent spatial locations, orientations, and scales. We develop an efficient algorithm for synthesizing random images subject to these constraints, by iteratively projecting onto the set of images satisfying each constraint, and we use this to test the perceptual validity of the model. In particular, we demonstrate the necessity of subgroups of the parameter set by showing examples of texture synthesis that fail when those parameters are removed from the set. We also demonstrate the power of our model by successfully synthesizing examples drawn from a diverse collection of artificial and natural textures.
Adaptive and nonadaptive group sequential tests
 BIOMETRIKA
"... Methods have been proposed to redesign a clinical trial at an interim stage in order to increase power. In order to preserve the type I error rate, methods for unplanned designchange have to be defined in terms of nonsufficient statistics and this calls into question their efficiency and the cred ..."
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Cited by 16 (7 self)
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Methods have been proposed to redesign a clinical trial at an interim stage in order to increase power. In order to preserve the type I error rate, methods for unplanned designchange have to be defined in terms of nonsufficient statistics and this calls into question their efficiency and the credibility of conclusions reached. We evaluate schemes for adaptive redesign, extending the theoretical arguments for use of sufficient statistics of Tsiatis & Mehta (2003) and assessing the possible benefits of preplanned adaptive designs by numerical computation of optimal tests; these optimal adaptive designs are concrete examples of optimal sequentiallyplanned sequential tests proposed by Schmitz (1993). We conclude that the flexibility of unplanned adaptive designs comes at a price and we recommend that the appropriate power for a study should be determined as thoroughly as possible at the outset. Then, standard errorspending tests, possibly with unevenlyspaced analyses, provide efficient designs, but it is still possible to fall back on flexible methods for redesign should study objectives change unexpectedly once the trial is under way.
Performance Guarantees for Web Server EndSystems: A ControlTheoretical Approach
 IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems
, 2001
"... The Internet is undergoing substantial changes from a communication and browsing infrastructure to a medium for conducting business and marketing a myriad of services. The World Wide Web provides a uniform and widelyaccepted application interface used by these services to reach multitudes of client ..."
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Cited by 268 (19 self)
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The Internet is undergoing substantial changes from a communication and browsing infrastructure to a medium for conducting business and marketing a myriad of services. The World Wide Web provides a uniform and widelyaccepted application interface used by these services to reach multitudes of clients. These changes place the web server at the center of a gradually emerging eservice infrastructure with increasing requirements for service quality and reliability guarantees in an unpredictable and highlydynamic environment.
Image compression via joint statistical characterization in the wavelet domain
, 1997
"... We develop a statistical characterization of natural images in the wavelet transform domain. This characterization describes the joint statistics between pairs of subband coefficients at adjacent spatial locations, orientations, and scales. We observe that the raw coefficients are nearly decorrelate ..."
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Cited by 238 (24 self)
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demonstrate the power of this model, we construct an image coder called EPWIC (Embedded Predictive Wavelet Image Coder), in which subband coefficients are encoded one bitplane at a time using a nonadaptive arithmetic encoder that utilizes probabilities calculated from the model. Bitplanes are ordered using a
Results 1  10
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