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The pyramid match kernel: Discriminative classification with sets of image features
 IN ICCV
, 2005
"... Discriminative learning is challenging when examples are sets of features, and the sets vary in cardinality and lack any sort of meaningful ordering. Kernelbased classification methods can learn complex decision boundaries, but a kernel over unordered set inputs must somehow solve for correspondenc ..."
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Cited by 544 (29 self)
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in the number of features, and it implicitly finds correspondences based on the finest resolution histogram cell where a matched pair first appears. Since the kernel does not penalize the presence of extra features, it is robust to clutter. We show the kernel function is positivedefinite, making it valid
Relations and their basic properties
 Journal of Formalized Mathematics
, 1989
"... Summary. We define here: mode Relation as a set of pairs, the domain, the codomain, and the field of relation; the empty and the identity relations, the composition of relations, the image and the inverse image of a set under a relation. Two predicates, = and ⊆, and three functions, ∪, ∩ and \ are ..."
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Cited by 1060 (6 self)
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Summary. We define here: mode Relation as a set of pairs, the domain, the codomain, and the field of relation; the empty and the identity relations, the composition of relations, the image and the inverse image of a set under a relation. Two predicates, = and ⊆, and three functions
Learning lowlevel vision
 International Journal of Computer Vision
, 2000
"... We show a learningbased method for lowlevel vision problems. We setup a Markov network of patches of the image and the underlying scene. A factorization approximation allows us to easily learn the parameters of the Markov network from synthetic examples of image/scene pairs, and to e ciently prop ..."
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Cited by 579 (30 self)
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We show a learningbased method for lowlevel vision problems. We setup a Markov network of patches of the image and the underlying scene. A factorization approximation allows us to easily learn the parameters of the Markov network from synthetic examples of image/scene pairs, and to e ciently
Image analogies
, 2001
"... Figure 1 An image analogy. Our problem is to compute a new “analogous ” image B ′ that relates to B in “the same way ” as A ′ relates to A. Here, A, A ′ , and B are inputs to our algorithm, and B ′ is the output. The fullsize images are shown in Figures 10 and 11. This paper describes a new framewo ..."
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Cited by 455 (8 self)
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framework for processing images by example, called “image analogies. ” The framework involves two stages: a design phase, in which a pair of images, with one image purported to be a “filtered ” version of the other, is presented as “training data”; and an application phase, in which the learned filter
Robust wide baseline stereo from maximally stable extremal regions
 In Proc. BMVC
, 2002
"... The widebaseline stereo problem, i.e. the problem of establishing correspondences between a pair of images taken from different viewpoints is studied. A new set of image elements that are put into correspondence, the so called extremal regions, is introduced. Extremal regions possess highly desir ..."
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Cited by 1016 (35 self)
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The widebaseline stereo problem, i.e. the problem of establishing correspondences between a pair of images taken from different viewpoints is studied. A new set of image elements that are put into correspondence, the so called extremal regions, is introduced. Extremal regions possess highly de
Pictorial Structures for Object Recognition
 IJCV
, 2003
"... In this paper we present a statistical framework for modeling the appearance of objects. Our work is motivated by the pictorial structure models introduced by Fischler and Elschlager. The basic idea is to model an object by a collection of parts arranged in a deformable configuration. The appearance ..."
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Cited by 816 (15 self)
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. The appearance of each part is modeled separately, and the deformable configuration is represented by springlike connections between pairs of parts. These models allow for qualitative descriptions of visual appearance, and are suitable for generic recognition problems. We use these models to address the problem
Lambertian Reflectance and Linear Subspaces
, 2000
"... We prove that the set of all reflectance functions (the mapping from surface normals to intensities) produced by Lambertian objects under distant, isotropic lighting lies close to a 9D linear subspace. This implies that, in general, the set of images of a convex Lambertian object obtained under a wi ..."
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Cited by 526 (20 self)
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We prove that the set of all reflectance functions (the mapping from surface normals to intensities) produced by Lambertian objects under distant, isotropic lighting lies close to a 9D linear subspace. This implies that, in general, the set of images of a convex Lambertian object obtained under a
Neural NetworkBased Face Detection
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE
, 1998
"... We present a neural networkbased upright frontal face detection system. A retinally connected neural network examines small windows of an image and decides whether each window contains a face. The system arbitrates between multiple networks to improve performance over a single network. We present ..."
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Cited by 1206 (22 self)
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We present a neural networkbased upright frontal face detection system. A retinally connected neural network examines small windows of an image and decides whether each window contains a face. The system arbitrates between multiple networks to improve performance over a single network. We present
Snakes, Shapes, and Gradient Vector Flow
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON IMAGE PROCESSING
, 1998
"... Snakes, or active contours, are used extensively in computer vision and image processing applications, particularly to locate object boundaries. Problems associated with initialization and poor convergence to boundary concavities, however, have limited their utility. This paper presents a new extern ..."
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Cited by 755 (16 self)
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Snakes, or active contours, are used extensively in computer vision and image processing applications, particularly to locate object boundaries. Problems associated with initialization and poor convergence to boundary concavities, however, have limited their utility. This paper presents a new
Estimating the Support of a HighDimensional Distribution
, 1999
"... Suppose you are given some dataset drawn from an underlying probability distribution P and you want to estimate a "simple" subset S of input space such that the probability that a test point drawn from P lies outside of S is bounded by some a priori specified between 0 and 1. We propo ..."
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Cited by 783 (29 self)
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propose a method to approach this problem by trying to estimate a function f which is positive on S and negative on the complement. The functional form of f is given by a kernel expansion in terms of a potentially small subset of the training data; it is regularized by controlling the length
Results 1  10
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