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4,504,739
Learning and development in neural networks: The importance of starting small
 Cognition
, 1993
"... It is a striking fact that in humans the greatest learnmg occurs precisely at that point in time childhood when the most dramatic maturational changes also occur. This report describes possible synergistic interactions between maturational change and the ability to learn a complex domain (language ..."
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Cited by 518 (18 self)
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It is a striking fact that in humans the greatest learnmg occurs precisely at that point in time childhood when the most dramatic maturational changes also occur. This report describes possible synergistic interactions between maturational change and the ability to learn a complex domain
Spacetime Interest Points
 IN ICCV
, 2003
"... Local image features or interest points provide compact and abstract representations of patterns in an image. In this paper, we propose to extend the notion of spatial interest points into the spatiotemporal domain and show how the resulting features often reflect interesting events that can be use ..."
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Cited by 791 (22 self)
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Local image features or interest points provide compact and abstract representations of patterns in an image. In this paper, we propose to extend the notion of spatial interest points into the spatiotemporal domain and show how the resulting features often reflect interesting events that can
Detection and Tracking of Point Features
 International Journal of Computer Vision
, 1991
"... The factorization method described in this series of reports requires an algorithm to track the motion of features in an image stream. Given the small interframe displacement made possible by the factorization approach, the best tracking method turns out to be the one proposed by Lucas and Kanade i ..."
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Cited by 622 (2 self)
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The factorization method described in this series of reports requires an algorithm to track the motion of features in an image stream. Given the small interframe displacement made possible by the factorization approach, the best tracking method turns out to be the one proposed by Lucas and Kanade in 1981. The method defines the measure of match between fixedsize feature windows in the past and current frame as the sum of squared intensity differences over the windows. The displacement is then defined as the one that minimizes this sum. For small motions, a linearization of the image intensities leads to a NewtonRaphson style minimization. In this report, after rederiving the method in a physically intuitive way, we answer the crucial question of how to choose the feature windows that are best suited for tracking. Our selection criterion is based directly on the definition of the tracking algorithm, and expresses how well a feature can be tracked. As a result, the criterion is optima...
Iterative point matching for registration of freeform curves and surfaces
, 1994
"... A heuristic method has been developed for registering two sets of 3D curves obtained by using an edgebased stereo system, or two dense 3D maps obtained by using a correlationbased stereo system. Geometric matching in general is a difficult unsolved problem in computer vision. Fortunately, in ma ..."
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Cited by 659 (7 self)
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, which is required for environment modeling (e.g., building a Digital Elevation Map). Objects are represented by a set of 3D points, which are considered as the samples of a surface. No constraint is imposed on the form of the objects. The proposed algorithm is based on iteratively matching points
QSplat: A Multiresolution Point Rendering System for Large Meshes
, 2000
"... Advances in 3D scanning technologies have enabled the practical creation of meshes with hundreds of millions of polygons. Traditional algorithms for display, simplification, and progressive transmission of meshes are impractical for data sets of this size. We describe a system for representing and p ..."
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Cited by 500 (8 self)
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and progressively displaying these meshes that combines a multiresolution hierarchy based on bounding spheres with a rendering system based on points. A single data structure is used for view frustum culling, backface culling, levelofdetail selection, and rendering. The representation is compact and can
Interior Point Methods in Semidefinite Programming with Applications to Combinatorial Optimization
 SIAM Journal on Optimization
, 1993
"... We study the semidefinite programming problem (SDP), i.e the problem of optimization of a linear function of a symmetric matrix subject to linear equality constraints and the additional condition that the matrix be positive semidefinite. First we review the classical cone duality as specialized to S ..."
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Cited by 557 (12 self)
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to SDP. Next we present an interior point algorithm which converges to the optimal solution in polynomial time. The approach is a direct extension of Ye's projective method for linear programming. We also argue that most known interior point methods for linear programs can be transformed in a
OPTICS: Ordering Points To Identify the Clustering Structure
, 1999
"... Cluster analysis is a primary method for database mining. It is either used as a standalone tool to get insight into the distribution of a data set, e.g. to focus further analysis and data processing, or as a preprocessing step for other algorithms operating on the detected clusters. Almost all of ..."
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Cited by 511 (49 self)
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.g. representative points, arbitrary shaped clusters), but also the intrinsic clustering structure. For medium sized data sets, the clusterordering can be represented graphically and for very large data sets, we introduce an appropriate visualization technique. Both are suitable for interactive exploration
A Critical Point For Random Graphs With A Given Degree Sequence
, 2000
"... Given a sequence of nonnegative real numbers 0 ; 1 ; : : : which sum to 1, we consider random graphs having approximately i n vertices of degree i. Essentially, we show that if P i(i \Gamma 2) i ? 0 then such graphs almost surely have a giant component, while if P i(i \Gamma 2) i ! 0 the ..."
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Cited by 511 (8 self)
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Given a sequence of nonnegative real numbers 0 ; 1 ; : : : which sum to 1, we consider random graphs having approximately i n vertices of degree i. Essentially, we show that if P i(i \Gamma 2) i ? 0 then such graphs almost surely have a giant component, while if P i(i \Gamma 2) i ! 0 then almost surely all components in such graphs are small. We can apply these results to G n;p ; G n;M , and other wellknown models of random graphs. There are also applications related to the chromatic number of sparse random graphs.
ZTree: Zurich Toolbox for Readymade Economic Experiments, Working paper No
, 1999
"... 2.2.2 Startup of the Experimenter PC............................................................................................... 9 2.2.3 Startup of the Subject PCs....................................................................................................... 9 ..."
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Cited by 1956 (33 self)
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2.2.2 Startup of the Experimenter PC............................................................................................... 9 2.2.3 Startup of the Subject PCs....................................................................................................... 9
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