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59,178
How much should we trust differencesindifferences estimates?
, 2003
"... Most papers that employ DifferencesinDifferences estimation (DD) use many years of data and focus on serially correlated outcomes but ignore that the resulting standard errors are inconsistent. To illustrate the severity of this issue, we randomly generate placebo laws in statelevel data on femal ..."
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Cited by 828 (1 self)
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at the 5 percent level for up to 45 percent of the placebo interventions. We use Monte Carlo simulations to investigate how well existing methods help solve this problem. Econometric corrections that place a specific parametric form on the timeseries process do not perform well. Bootstrap (taking
Virtual time
 ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems
, 1985
"... Virtual time is a new paradigm for organizing and synchronizing distributed systems which can be applied to such problems as distributed discrete event simulation and distributed database concurrency control. Virtual time provides a flexible abstraction of real time in much the same way that virtua ..."
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Cited by 980 (7 self)
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Virtual time is a new paradigm for organizing and synchronizing distributed systems which can be applied to such problems as distributed discrete event simulation and distributed database concurrency control. Virtual time provides a flexible abstraction of real time in much the same way
A theory of timed automata
, 1999
"... Model checking is emerging as a practical tool for automated debugging of complex reactive systems such as embedded controllers and network protocols (see [23] for a survey). Traditional techniques for model checking do not admit an explicit modeling of time, and are thus, unsuitable for analysis of ..."
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Cited by 2651 (32 self)
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and logic, and much progress has been made in developing verification algorithms, heuristics, and tools. This paper provides a survey of the theory of timed automata, and their role in specification and verification of realtime systems.
Why Do Americans Work So Much More than Europeans?”, Quarterly Review of the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis,
, 2004
"... Abstract Americans now work 50 percent more than do the Germans, French, and Italians. This was not the case in the early 1970s, when the Western Europeans worked more than Americans. This article examines the role of taxes in accounting for the differences in labor supply across time and across co ..."
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Cited by 475 (10 self)
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Abstract Americans now work 50 percent more than do the Germans, French, and Italians. This was not the case in the early 1970s, when the Western Europeans worked more than Americans. This article examines the role of taxes in accounting for the differences in labor supply across time and across
Depthfirst IterativeDeepening: An Optimal Admissible Tree Search
 Artificial Intelligence
, 1985
"... The complexities of various search algorithms are considered in terms of time, space, and cost of solution path. It is known that breadthfirst search requires too much space and depthfirst search can use too much time and doesn't always find a cheapest path. A depthfirst iteratiwdeepening a ..."
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Cited by 527 (24 self)
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The complexities of various search algorithms are considered in terms of time, space, and cost of solution path. It is known that breadthfirst search requires too much space and depthfirst search can use too much time and doesn't always find a cheapest path. A depthfirst iteratiw
Earthquake Shakes Twitter Users: Realtime Event Detection by Social Sensors
 In Proceedings of the Nineteenth International WWW Conference (WWW2010). ACM
, 2010
"... Twitter, a popular microblogging service, has received much attention recently. An important characteristic of Twitter is its realtime nature. For example, when an earthquake occurs, people make many Twitter posts (tweets) related to the earthquake, which enables detection of earthquake occurrence ..."
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Cited by 524 (4 self)
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Twitter, a popular microblogging service, has received much attention recently. An important characteristic of Twitter is its realtime nature. For example, when an earthquake occurs, people make many Twitter posts (tweets) related to the earthquake, which enables detection of earthquake occurrence
Large Margin Classification Using the Perceptron Algorithm
 Machine Learning
, 1998
"... We introduce and analyze a new algorithm for linear classification which combines Rosenblatt 's perceptron algorithm with Helmbold and Warmuth's leaveoneout method. Like Vapnik 's maximalmargin classifier, our algorithm takes advantage of data that are linearly separable with large ..."
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Cited by 521 (2 self)
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with large margins. Compared to Vapnik's algorithm, however, ours is much simpler to implement, and much more efficient in terms of computation time. We also show that our algorithm can be efficiently used in very high dimensional spaces using kernel functions. We performed some experiments using our
A greedy algorithm for aligning DNA sequences
 J. COMPUT. BIOL
, 2000
"... For aligning DNA sequences that differ only by sequencing errors, or by equivalent errors from other sources, a greedy algorithm can be much faster than traditional dynamic programming approaches and yet produce an alignment that is guaranteed to be theoretically optimal. We introduce a new greedy a ..."
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Cited by 585 (16 self)
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For aligning DNA sequences that differ only by sequencing errors, or by equivalent errors from other sources, a greedy algorithm can be much faster than traditional dynamic programming approaches and yet produce an alignment that is guaranteed to be theoretically optimal. We introduce a new greedy
Option Pricing: A Simplified Approach
 Journal of Financial Economics
, 1979
"... This paper presents a simple discretetime model for valumg optlons. The fundamental econonuc principles of option pricing by arbitrage methods are particularly clear In this setting. Its development requires only elementary mathematics, yet it contains as a special limiting case the celebrated Blac ..."
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Cited by 1016 (10 self)
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This paper presents a simple discretetime model for valumg optlons. The fundamental econonuc principles of option pricing by arbitrage methods are particularly clear In this setting. Its development requires only elementary mathematics, yet it contains as a special limiting case the celebrated
A Learning Algorithm for Continually Running Fully Recurrent Neural Networks
, 1989
"... The exact form of a gradientfollowing learning algorithm for completely recurrent networks running in continually sampled time is derived and used as the basis for practical algorithms for temporal supervised learning tasks. These algorithms have: (1) the advantage that they do not require a precis ..."
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Cited by 534 (4 self)
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the retention of information over time periods having either fixed or indefinite length. 1 Introduction A major problem in connectionist theory is to develop learning algorithms that can tap the full computational power of neural networks. Much progress has been made with feedforward networks, and attention
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