### Table 2. Optimal views based on model-based reconstruction.

2004

"... In PAGE 5: ... Based on an average reconstruction time of 30 sec- onds, this search takes about 45 hours. The results are presented in Table2 which shows the optimal views for K = {1,2,3,4,5} and the correspond- ing minimum average reconstruction errors (refer to Table 1 Figure 7. Reconstruction errors for all view con- figurations with 4 cameras (K = 4) ranked by magnitude of ensemble error.... In PAGE 5: ... Figure 7 shows the errors of all combinatorial view configurations for the case K = 4, ranked in ascending order of error. Each er- ror bar represents the subjects standard deviation for that configuration (the first error bar corresponds to the optimal configuration and is the subject standard deviation listed in Table2 ). Other plots for K = 1,2,3 and 5 are quite sim- ilar in nature, all showing a well-defined minimum with the subject variation (error-bars) being lowest for the best configuration (left most) and highest for the worst (right most).... In PAGE 5: ... Using the same search strategy, we now evaluate the visual hull constructions ob- tained from the given subset of silhouette images and com- pare them to the ground truth. Table 3 shows the optimal views for K = {2,3,4,5} and the corresponding error val- ues (same format as in Table2 except that the visual hull from a single silhouette (K = 1) has no finite volume and... In PAGE 6: ... There are a few dif- ferences but these are somewhat misleading. The best view configurations in Table2 are marked in Figure 8 with ar- rows. We note that our model-based optimal views have al- most the same errors as the best views chosen with visual hull method and are always in the first plateau or top quar- tile that includes the key profile view #10.... ..."

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### Table 3. Evaluating two models based on populations with different churn rates (measured at the 10th percentile)

2001

"... In PAGE 6: ...57 times greater than the legacy model. Table3 summarizes the values of each measure for each model. Table 3.... ..."

Cited by 8

### Table 2. Optimal views based on model-based reconstruction.

2004

"... In PAGE 7: ... Based on an average reconstruction time of 30 seconds, this search takes about 45 hours. The results are presented in Table2 which shows the optimal views for K = {1,2,3,4,5} and the correspond- ing minimum average reconstruction errors (refer to Table 1 for exact coordinates). The standard deviation of the indi- Figure 7.... In PAGE 7: ... Figure 7 shows the errors of all combinatorial view configurations for the case K = 4, ranked in ascending order of error. Each er- ror bar represents the subjects standard deviation for that configuration (the first error bar corresponds to the optimal configuration and is the subject standard deviation listed in Table2 ). Other plots for K = 1,2,3 and 5 are quite sim- ilar in nature, all showing a well-defined minimum with the subject variation (error-bars) being lowest for the best configuration (left most) and highest for the worst (right most).... In PAGE 7: ... Using the same search strategy, we now evaluate the visual hull construc- tions obtained from the given subset of silhouette im- ages and compare them to the ground truth. Table 3 shows the optimal views for K = {2,3,4,5} and the correspond- ing error values (same format as in Table2 except that the visual hull from a single silhouette (K = 1) has no fi- nite volume and is omitted). Note that a visual hull recon- struction (especially one from few images) is not a very... In PAGE 8: ... Interestingly, the first plateau corresponding to the top group is all the sub- sets which include the profile view #10 (one of the most salient). We can see marked similarities in the opti- mal views in Table2 and Table 3. For example, both methods indicate views #3 and #10 to be the most infor- mative.... In PAGE 8: ... For example, the two most salient views (#3 and #10) correspond very closely with the established (biomet- ric) standards of 3/4 view (INS photos) and profile view ( mugshot photos). We have not yet searched for K gt; 5 mainly due to the computational costs, but it appears that reconstructions do not improve significantly beyond 4-5 views (see the best errors listed in Table2 ). One can easily incorporate additional physical and operational constraints into our framework.... ..."

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### Table 7: % WER on eval98 for the evaluation system and a com- pletely separate MLE model-based (b) branch (pure MLE).

### Table 7: % WER on eval98 for the evaluation system and a com- pletely separate MLE model-based (b) branch (pure MLE).

2000