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635,034
Maximum likelihood from incomplete data via the EM algorithm
 JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL STATISTICAL SOCIETY, SERIES B
, 1977
"... A broadly applicable algorithm for computing maximum likelihood estimates from incomplete data is presented at various levels of generality. Theory showing the monotone behaviour of the likelihood and convergence of the algorithm is derived. Many examples are sketched, including missing value situat ..."
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Cited by 11807 (17 self)
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situations, applications to grouped, censored or truncated data, finite mixture models, variance component estimation, hyperparameter estimation, iteratively reweighted least squares and factor analysis.
Combining mixture components for clustering
 Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics
"... Modelbased clustering consists of fitting a mixture model to data and identifying each cluster with one of its components. Multivariate normal distributions are typically used. The number of clusters is usually determined from the data, often using BIC. In practice, however, individual clusters can ..."
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Cited by 27 (4 self)
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Modelbased clustering consists of fitting a mixture model to data and identifying each cluster with one of its components. Multivariate normal distributions are typically used. The number of clusters is usually determined from the data, often using BIC. In practice, however, individual clusters
Mixtures of Probabilistic Principal Component Analysers
, 1998
"... Principal component analysis (PCA) is one of the most popular techniques for processing, compressing and visualising data, although its effectiveness is limited by its global linearity. While nonlinear variants of PCA have been proposed, an alternative paradigm is to capture data complexity by a com ..."
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Cited by 537 (6 self)
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maximumlikelihood framework, based on a specific form of Gaussian latent variable model. This leads to a welldefined mixture model for probabilistic principal component analysers, whose parameters can be determined using an EM algorithm. We discuss the advantages of this model in the context
Hierarchical mixtures of experts and the EM algorithm
, 1993
"... We present a treestructured architecture for supervised learning. The statistical model underlying the architecture is a hierarchical mixture model in which both the mixture coefficients and the mixture components are generalized linear models (GLIM’s). Learning is treated as a maximum likelihood ..."
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Cited by 875 (21 self)
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We present a treestructured architecture for supervised learning. The statistical model underlying the architecture is a hierarchical mixture model in which both the mixture coefficients and the mixture components are generalized linear models (GLIM’s). Learning is treated as a maximum likelihood
On Bayesian analysis of mixtures with an unknown number of components
 INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS PROJECT ON INTERNATIONAL COMPETITION POLICY,&QUOT; COM/DAFFE/CLP/TD(94)42
, 1997
"... ..."
Hierarchical Dirichlet processes
 Journal of the American Statistical Association
, 2004
"... program. The authors wish to acknowledge helpful discussions with Lancelot James and Jim Pitman and the referees for useful comments. 1 We consider problems involving groups of data, where each observation within a group is a draw from a mixture model, and where it is desirable to share mixture comp ..."
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Cited by 927 (79 self)
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components between groups. We assume that the number of mixture components is unknown a priori and is to be inferred from the data. In this setting it is natural to consider sets of Dirichlet processes, one for each group, where the wellknown clustering property of the Dirichlet process provides a
Bayesian Density Estimation and Inference Using Mixtures
 Journal of the American Statistical Association
, 1994
"... We describe and illustrate Bayesian inference in models for density estimation using mixtures of Dirichlet processes. These models provide natural settings for density estimation, and are exemplified by special cases where data are modelled as a sample from mixtures of normal distributions. Efficien ..."
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Cited by 652 (18 self)
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on the numbers of components. Also, convergence results are established for a general class of normal mixture models. Keywords: Kernel estimation; Mixtures of Dirichlet processes; Multimodality; Normal mixtures; Posterior sampling; Smoothing parameter estimation * Michael D. Escobar is Assistant Professor
Probabilistic Principal Component Analysis
 Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series B
, 1999
"... Principal component analysis (PCA) is a ubiquitous technique for data analysis and processing, but one which is not based upon a probability model. In this paper we demonstrate how the principal axes of a set of observed data vectors may be determined through maximumlikelihood estimation of paramet ..."
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Cited by 703 (5 self)
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Principal component analysis (PCA) is a ubiquitous technique for data analysis and processing, but one which is not based upon a probability model. In this paper we demonstrate how the principal axes of a set of observed data vectors may be determined through maximumlikelihood estimation
Survey on Independent Component Analysis
 NEURAL COMPUTING SURVEYS
, 1999
"... A common problem encountered in such disciplines as statistics, data analysis, signal processing, and neural network research, is nding a suitable representation of multivariate data. For computational and conceptual simplicity, such a representation is often sought as a linear transformation of the ..."
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Cited by 2241 (104 self)
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of the original data. Wellknown linear transformation methods include, for example, principal component analysis, factor analysis, and projection pursuit. A recently developed linear transformation method is independent component analysis (ICA), in which the desired representation is the one that minimizes
Fitting a mixture model by expectation maximization to discover motifs in biopolymers
 Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Intelligent Systems for Molecular Biology
, 1994
"... ABSTRACT: The algorithm described in this paper discovers one or more motifs in a collection of DNA or protein sequences by using the technique of expectation maximization to fit a twocomponent finite mixture model to the set of sequences. Multiple motifs are found by fitting a twocomponent finite ..."
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Cited by 941 (5 self)
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ABSTRACT: The algorithm described in this paper discovers one or more motifs in a collection of DNA or protein sequences by using the technique of expectation maximization to fit a twocomponent finite mixture model to the set of sequences. Multiple motifs are found by fitting a twocomponent
Results 1  10
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635,034