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For Most Large Underdetermined Systems of Linear Equations the Minimal ℓ1norm Solution is also the Sparsest Solution
 Comm. Pure Appl. Math
, 2004
"... We consider linear equations y = Φα where y is a given vector in R n, Φ is a given n by m matrix with n < m ≤ An, and we wish to solve for α ∈ R m. We suppose that the columns of Φ are normalized to unit ℓ 2 norm 1 and we place uniform measure on such Φ. We prove the existence of ρ = ρ(A) so that ..."
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Cited by 568 (10 self)
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that for large n, and for all Φ’s except a negligible fraction, the following property holds: For every y having a representation y = Φα0 by a coefficient vector α0 ∈ R m with fewer than ρ · n nonzeros, the solution α1 of the ℓ 1 minimization problem min �x�1 subject to Φα = y is unique and equal to α0
Guaranteed minimumrank solutions of linear matrix equations via nuclear norm minimization,”
 SIAM Review,
, 2010
"... Abstract The affine rank minimization problem consists of finding a matrix of minimum rank that satisfies a given system of linear equality constraints. Such problems have appeared in the literature of a diverse set of fields including system identification and control, Euclidean embedding, and col ..."
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Cited by 562 (20 self)
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for the linear transformation defining the constraints, the minimum rank solution can be recovered by solving a convex optimization problem, namely the minimization of the nuclear norm over the given affine space. We present several random ensembles of equations where the restricted isometry property holds
An iterative method for the solution of the eigenvalue problem of linear differential and integral
, 1950
"... The present investigation designs a systematic method for finding the latent roots and the principal axes of a matrix, without reducing the order of the matrix. It is characterized by a wide field of applicability and great accuracy, since the accumulation of rounding errors is avoided, through the ..."
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Cited by 537 (0 self)
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the process of "minimized iterations". Moreover, the method leads to a well convergent successive approximation procedure by which the solution of integral equations of the Fredholm type and the solution of the eigenvalue problem of linear differential and integral operators may be accomplished. I.
An Efficient Solution to the FivePoint Relative Pose Problem
, 2004
"... An efficient algorithmic solution to the classical fivepoint relative pose problem is presented. The problem is to find the possible solutions for relative camera pose between two calibrated views given five corresponding points. The algorithm consists of computing the coefficients of a tenth degre ..."
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Cited by 484 (13 self)
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An efficient algorithmic solution to the classical fivepoint relative pose problem is presented. The problem is to find the possible solutions for relative camera pose between two calibrated views given five corresponding points. The algorithm consists of computing the coefficients of a tenth
Robust principal component analysis?
 Journal of the ACM,
, 2011
"... Abstract This paper is about a curious phenomenon. Suppose we have a data matrix, which is the superposition of a lowrank component and a sparse component. Can we recover each component individually? We prove that under some suitable assumptions, it is possible to recover both the lowrank and the ..."
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Cited by 569 (26 self)
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rank and the sparse components exactly by solving a very convenient convex program called Principal Component Pursuit; among all feasible decompositions, simply minimize a weighted combination of the nuclear norm and of the 1 norm. This suggests the possibility of a principled approach to robust principal component
Improved Approximation Algorithms for Maximum Cut and Satisfiability Problems Using Semidefinite Programming
 Journal of the ACM
, 1995
"... We present randomized approximation algorithms for the maximum cut (MAX CUT) and maximum 2satisfiability (MAX 2SAT) problems that always deliver solutions of expected value at least .87856 times the optimal value. These algorithms use a simple and elegant technique that randomly rounds the solution ..."
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Cited by 1211 (13 self)
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the solution to a nonlinear programming relaxation. This relaxation can be interpreted both as a semidefinite program and as an eigenvalue minimization problem. The best previously known approximation algorithms for these problems had performance guarantees of ...
Uncertainty principles and ideal atomic decomposition
 IEEE Transactions on Information Theory
, 2001
"... Suppose a discretetime signal S(t), 0 t<N, is a superposition of atoms taken from a combined time/frequency dictionary made of spike sequences 1ft = g and sinusoids expf2 iwt=N) = p N. Can one recover, from knowledge of S alone, the precise collection of atoms going to make up S? Because every d ..."
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Cited by 583 (20 self)
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/frequency dictionary, then there is only one such highly sparse representation of S, and it can be obtained by solving the convex optimization problem of minimizing the `1 norm of the coe cients among all decompositions. Here \highly sparse " means that Nt + Nw < p N=2 where Nt is the number of time atoms, Nw
Sparse MRI: The Application of Compressed Sensing for Rapid MR Imaging
 MAGNETIC RESONANCE IN MEDICINE 58:1182–1195
, 2007
"... The sparsity which is implicit in MR images is exploited to significantly undersample kspace. Some MR images such as angiograms are already sparse in the pixel representation; other, more complicated images have a sparse representation in some transform domain–for example, in terms of spatial finit ..."
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Cited by 538 (11 self)
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undersampling schemes are developed and analyzed by means of their aliasing interference. Incoherence is introduced by pseudorandom variabledensity undersampling of phaseencodes. The reconstruction is performed by minimizing the ℓ1 norm of a transformed image, subject to data fidelity constraints. Examples
Nonlinear total variation based noise removal algorithms
, 1992
"... A constrained optimization type of numerical algorithm for removing noise from images is presented. The total variation of the image is minimized subject to constraints involving the statistics of the noise. The constraints are imposed using Lagrange multipliers. The solution is obtained using the g ..."
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Cited by 2271 (51 self)
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A constrained optimization type of numerical algorithm for removing noise from images is presented. The total variation of the image is minimized subject to constraints involving the statistics of the noise. The constraints are imposed using Lagrange multipliers. The solution is obtained using
Evolving Neural Networks through Augmenting Topologies
 Evolutionary Computation
"... An important question in neuroevolution is how to gain an advantage from evolving neural network topologies along with weights. We present a method, NeuroEvolution of Augmenting Topologies (NEAT), which outperforms the best fixedtopology method on a challenging benchmark reinforcement learning task ..."
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Cited by 536 (112 self)
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task. We claim that the increased efficiency is due to (1) employing a principled method of crossover of different topologies, (2) protecting structural innovation using speciation, and (3) incrementally growing from minimal structure. We test this claim through a series of ablation studies
Results 1  10
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