Results 11  20
of
23,113
A theory of social comparison processes,”
 Human Relations,
, 1954
"... In this paper we shall present a further development of a previously published theory concerning opinion influence processes in social groups (7). This further development has enabled us to extend the theory to deal with other areas, in addition to opinion formation, in which social comparison is i ..."
Abstract

Cited by 1318 (0 self)
 Add to MetaCart
is important. Specifically, we shall develop below how the theory applies to the appraisal and evaluation of abilities as well as opinions. Such theories and hypotheses in the area of social psychology are frequently viewed in terms of how "plausible" they seem. "Plausibility" usually means
An Efficient kMeans Clustering Algorithm: Analysis and Implementation
, 2000
"... Kmeans clustering is a very popular clustering technique, which is used in numerous applications. Given a set of n data points in R d and an integer k, the problem is to determine a set of k points R d , called centers, so as to minimize the mean squared distance from each data point to its ..."
Abstract

Cited by 417 (4 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Kmeans clustering is a very popular clustering technique, which is used in numerous applications. Given a set of n data points in R d and an integer k, the problem is to determine a set of k points R d , called centers, so as to minimize the mean squared distance from each data point to its
Simple fast algorithms for the editing distance between trees and related problems
 SIAM J. COMPUT
, 1989
"... Ordered labeled trees are trees in which the lefttoright order among siblings is. significant. The distance between two ordered trees is considered to be the weighted number of edit operations (insert, delete, and modify) to transform one tree to another. The problem of approximate tree matching i ..."
Abstract

Cited by 405 (12 self)
 Add to MetaCart
is also considered. Specifically, algorithms are designed to answer the following kinds of questions: 1. What is the distance between two trees? 2. What is the minimum distance between T and T when zero or more subtrees can be removed from T2 3. Let the pruning of a tree at node n mean removing all
A metric for distributions with applications to image databases
, 1998
"... We introduce a new distance between two distributions that we call the Earth Mover’s Distance (EMD), which reflects the minimal amount of work that must be performed to transform one distributioninto the other by moving “distribution mass ” around. This is a special case of the transportation proble ..."
Abstract

Cited by 438 (6 self)
 Add to MetaCart
We introduce a new distance between two distributions that we call the Earth Mover’s Distance (EMD), which reflects the minimal amount of work that must be performed to transform one distributioninto the other by moving “distribution mass ” around. This is a special case of the transportation
Robust Anisotropic Diffusion
, 1998
"... Relations between anisotropic diffusion and robust statistics are described in this paper. Specifically, we show that anisotropic diffusion can be seen as a robust estimation procedure that estimates a piecewise smooth image from a noisy input image. The "edgestopping" function in the ani ..."
Abstract

Cited by 361 (17 self)
 Add to MetaCart
and improves the automatic stopping of the diffusion. The robust statistical interpretation also provides a means for detecting the boundaries (edges) between the piecewise smooth regions in an image that has been smoothed with anisotropic diffusion. Additionally, we derive a relationship between anisotropic
Editorial: Three types of interaction
 The American Journal of Distance Education
, 1992
"... Many of the greatest problems of communicating about concepts, and, therefore, practice in distance education arise from our use of crude hypothetical constructsterms like distance, independence, and interaction, which are used in very imprecise and general ways, each having acquired a multiplicity ..."
Abstract

Cited by 405 (0 self)
 Add to MetaCart
to control their means of study. These are further confused with the many subspecies of each type of independence. The same could be said of the concept and term "distance " itself, which is commonly used in the most general sense to describe education characterized by separation between learner
When Is "Nearest Neighbor" Meaningful?
 In Int. Conf. on Database Theory
, 1999
"... . We explore the effect of dimensionality on the "nearest neighbor " problem. We show that under a broad set of conditions (much broader than independent and identically distributed dimensions), as dimensionality increases, the distance to the nearest data point approaches the distance ..."
Abstract

Cited by 408 (2 self)
 Add to MetaCart
the distance to the farthest data point. To provide a practical perspective, we present empirical results on both real and synthetic data sets that demonstrate that this effect can occur for as few as 1015 dimensions. These results should not be interpreted to mean that highdimensional indexing is never
The Google similarity distance
, 2005
"... Words and phrases acquire meaning from the way they are used in society, from their relative semantics to other words and phrases. For computers the equivalent of ‘society ’ is ‘database, ’ and the equivalent of ‘use ’ is ‘way to search the database. ’ We present a new theory of similarity between ..."
Abstract

Cited by 320 (9 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Words and phrases acquire meaning from the way they are used in society, from their relative semantics to other words and phrases. For computers the equivalent of ‘society ’ is ‘database, ’ and the equivalent of ‘use ’ is ‘way to search the database. ’ We present a new theory of similarity between
Geometric diffusions as a tool for harmonic analysis and structure definition of data: Diffusion maps
 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
, 2005
"... of contexts of data analysis, such as spectral graph theory, manifold learning, nonlinear principal components and kernel methods. We augment these approaches by showing that the diffusion distance is a key intrinsic geometric quantity linking spectral theory of the Markov process, Laplace operators ..."
Abstract

Cited by 257 (45 self)
 Add to MetaCart
of contexts of data analysis, such as spectral graph theory, manifold learning, nonlinear principal components and kernel methods. We augment these approaches by showing that the diffusion distance is a key intrinsic geometric quantity linking spectral theory of the Markov process, Laplace
Shape quantization and recognition with randomized trees
 NEURAL COMPUTATION
, 1997
"... We explore a new approach to shape recognition based on a virtually infinite family of binary features ("queries") of the image data, designed to accommodate prior information about shape invariance and regularity. Each query corresponds to a spatial arrangement ofseveral local topographic ..."
Abstract

Cited by 263 (18 self)
 Add to MetaCart
topographic codes ("tags") which are in themselves too primitive and common to be informative about shape. All the discriminating power derives from relative angles and distances among the tags. The important attributes of the queries are (i) a natural partial ordering corresponding to increasing
Results 11  20
of
23,113