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288,952
Maximum likelihood from incomplete data via the EM algorithm
 JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL STATISTICAL SOCIETY, SERIES B
, 1977
"... A broadly applicable algorithm for computing maximum likelihood estimates from incomplete data is presented at various levels of generality. Theory showing the monotone behaviour of the likelihood and convergence of the algorithm is derived. Many examples are sketched, including missing value situat ..."
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Cited by 11972 (17 self)
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A broadly applicable algorithm for computing maximum likelihood estimates from incomplete data is presented at various levels of generality. Theory showing the monotone behaviour of the likelihood and convergence of the algorithm is derived. Many examples are sketched, including missing value
Atmospheric Modeling, Data Assimilation and Predictability
, 2003
"... Numerical weather prediction (NWP) now provides major guidance in our daily weather forecast. The accuracy of NWP models has improved steadily since the first successful experiment made by Charney, Fj!rtoft and von Neuman (1950). During the past 50 years, a large number of technical papers and repor ..."
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Cited by 626 (33 self)
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Numerical weather prediction (NWP) now provides major guidance in our daily weather forecast. The accuracy of NWP models has improved steadily since the first successful experiment made by Charney, Fj!rtoft and von Neuman (1950). During the past 50 years, a large number of technical papers
Constrained model predictive control: Stability and optimality
 AUTOMATICA
, 2000
"... Model predictive control is a form of control in which the current control action is obtained by solving, at each sampling instant, a finite horizon openloop optimal control problem, using the current state of the plant as the initial state; the optimization yields an optimal control sequence and t ..."
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Cited by 738 (16 self)
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Model predictive control is a form of control in which the current control action is obtained by solving, at each sampling instant, a finite horizon openloop optimal control problem, using the current state of the plant as the initial state; the optimization yields an optimal control sequence
From Few to many: Illumination cone models for face recognition under variable lighting and pose
 IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
, 2001
"... We present a generative appearancebased method for recognizing human faces under variation in lighting and viewpoint. Our method exploits the fact that the set of images of an object in fixed pose, but under all possible illumination conditions, is a convex cone in the space of images. Using a smal ..."
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Cited by 754 (12 self)
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small number of training images of each face taken with different lighting directions, the shape and albedo of the face can be reconstructed. In turn, this reconstruction serves as a generative model that can be used to render—or synthesize—images of the face under novel poses and illumination
Bayesian Analysis of Stochastic Volatility Models
, 1994
"... this article is to develop new methods for inference and prediction in a simple class of stochastic volatility models in which logarithm of conditional volatility follows an autoregressive (AR) times series model. Unlike the autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity (ARCH) and gener alized ARCH ..."
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Cited by 601 (26 self)
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this article is to develop new methods for inference and prediction in a simple class of stochastic volatility models in which logarithm of conditional volatility follows an autoregressive (AR) times series model. Unlike the autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity (ARCH) and gener alized
Model checking and abstraction
 ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems
, 1994
"... software developers are using the Java language as the language of choice on many applications. This is due to the effective use of the objectoriented (OO) paradigm to develop large software projects and the ability of the Java language to support the increasing use of web technologies in business ..."
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Cited by 742 (55 self)
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written in Java 1.4.x and Java 1.5.x to identify the distribution of groups used by developers. We use the data from the study to create prediction models that would allow developers to estimate the number of different groups of classes, fields and methods that are expected to be generated for large Java
A Maximum Entropy Model for PartOfSpeech Tagging
, 1996
"... This paper presents a statistical model which trains from a corpus annotated with PartOfSpeech tags and assigns them to previously unseen text with stateoftheart accuracy(96.6%). The model can be classified as a Maximum Entropy model and simultaneously uses many contextual "features" t ..."
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Cited by 580 (1 self)
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This paper presents a statistical model which trains from a corpus annotated with PartOfSpeech tags and assigns them to previously unseen text with stateoftheart accuracy(96.6%). The model can be classified as a Maximum Entropy model and simultaneously uses many contextual "
A review of methods for the assessment of prediction errors in conservation presence/absence models.
 Environmental Conservation
, 1997
"... Summary Predicting the distribution of endangered species from habitat data is frequently perceived to be a useful technique. Models that predict the presence or absence of a species are normally judged by the number of prediction errors. These may be of two types: false positives and false negativ ..."
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Cited by 463 (1 self)
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negatives. Many of the prediction errors can be traced to ecological processes such as unsaturated habitat and species interactions. Consequently, if prediction errors are not placed in an ecological context the results of the model may be misleading. The simplest, and most widely used, measure
Predicting Internet Network Distance with CoordinatesBased Approaches
 In INFOCOM
, 2001
"... In this paper, we propose to use coordinatesbased mechanisms in a peertopeer architecture to predict Internet network distance (i.e. roundtrip propagation and transmission delay) . We study two mechanisms. The first is a previously proposed scheme, called the triangulated heuristic, which is bas ..."
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Cited by 631 (6 self)
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In this paper, we propose to use coordinatesbased mechanisms in a peertopeer architecture to predict Internet network distance (i.e. roundtrip propagation and transmission delay) . We study two mechanisms. The first is a previously proposed scheme, called the triangulated heuristic, which
Predicting Transmembrane Protein Topology with a Hidden Markov Model: Application to Complete Genomes
 J. MOL. BIOL
, 2001
"... ..."
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