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1,995,957
Software Engineering Economics
, 1981
"... Abstract—This paper summarizes the current state of the art and recent trends in software engineering economics. It provides an overview of economic analysis techniques and their applicability to software engineering and management. It surveys the field of software cost estimation, including the maj ..."
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Cited by 1647 (55 self)
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the major estimation techniques available, the state of the art in algorithmic cost models, and the outstanding research issues in software cost estimation. Index Terms—Computer programming costs, cost models, management decision
Estimating the number of clusters in a dataset via the Gap statistic
, 2000
"... We propose a method (the \Gap statistic") for estimating the number of clusters (groups) in a set of data. The technique uses the output of any clustering algorithm (e.g. kmeans or hierarchical), comparing the change in within cluster dispersion to that expected under an appropriate reference ..."
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Cited by 502 (1 self)
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We propose a method (the \Gap statistic") for estimating the number of clusters (groups) in a set of data. The technique uses the output of any clustering algorithm (e.g. kmeans or hierarchical), comparing the change in within cluster dispersion to that expected under an appropriate reference
A Survey of Image Registration Techniques
 ACM Computing Surveys
, 1992
"... Registration is a fundamental task in image processing used to match two or more pictures taken, for example, at different times, from different sensors or from different viewpoints. Over the years, a broad range of techniques have been developed for the various types of data and problems. These ..."
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Cited by 979 (2 self)
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. These techniques have been independently studied for several different applications resulting in a large body of research. This paper organizes this material by establishing the relationship between the distortions in the image and the type of registration techniques which are most suitable. Two major types
SMOTE: Synthetic Minority Oversampling Technique
 Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research
, 2002
"... An approach to the construction of classifiers from imbalanced datasets is described. A dataset is imbalanced if the classification categories are not approximately equally represented. Often realworld data sets are predominately composed of ``normal'' examples with only a small percentag ..."
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Cited by 634 (27 self)
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percentage of ``abnormal'' or ``interesting'' examples. It is also the case that the cost of misclassifying an abnormal (interesting) example as a normal example is often much higher than the cost of the reverse error. Undersampling of the majority (normal) class has been proposed as a
Valuing American options by simulation: A simple leastsquares approach
 Review of Financial Studies
, 2001
"... This article presents a simple yet powerful new approach for approximating the value of America11 options by simulation. The kcy to this approach is the use of least squares to estimate the conditional expected payoff to the optionholder from continuation. This makes this approach readily applicable ..."
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Cited by 517 (9 self)
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This article presents a simple yet powerful new approach for approximating the value of America11 options by simulation. The kcy to this approach is the use of least squares to estimate the conditional expected payoff to the optionholder from continuation. This makes this approach readily
Similarity estimation techniques from rounding algorithms
 In Proc. of 34th STOC
, 2002
"... A locality sensitive hashing scheme is a distribution on a family F of hash functions operating on a collection of objects, such that for two objects x, y, Prh∈F[h(x) = h(y)] = sim(x,y), where sim(x,y) ∈ [0, 1] is some similarity function defined on the collection of objects. Such a scheme leads ..."
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Cited by 449 (6 self)
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to a compact representation of objects so that similarity of objects can be estimated from their compact sketches, and also leads to efficient algorithms for approximate nearest neighbor search and clustering. Minwise independent permutations provide an elegant construction of such a locality
Taming the Underlying Challenges of Reliable Multihop Routing in Sensor Networks
 In SenSys
, 2003
"... The dynamic and lossy nature of wireless communication poses major challenges to reliable, selforganizing multihop networks. These nonideal characteristics are more problematic with the primitive, lowpower radio transceivers found in sensor networks, and raise new issues that routing protocols mu ..."
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Cited by 781 (20 self)
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with constant space regardless of cell density. We study and evaluate link estimator, neighborhood table management, and reliable routing protocol techniques. We focus on a manytoone, periodic data collection workload. We narrow the design space through evaluations on largescale, highlevel simulations to 50
Discrete Choice Methods with Simulation
, 2002
"... This book describes the new generation of discrete choice methods, focusing on the many advances that are made possible by simulation. Researchers use these statistical methods to examine the choices that consumers, households, firms, and other agents make. Each of the major models is covered: logi ..."
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Cited by 1326 (20 self)
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This book describes the new generation of discrete choice methods, focusing on the many advances that are made possible by simulation. Researchers use these statistical methods to examine the choices that consumers, households, firms, and other agents make. Each of the major models is covered
Probabilistic Visual Learning for Object Representation
, 1996
"... We present an unsupervised technique for visual learning which is based on density estimation in highdimensional spaces using an eigenspace decomposition. Two types of density estimates are derived for modeling the training data: a multivariate Gaussian (for unimodal distributions) and a Mixtureof ..."
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Cited by 699 (15 self)
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We present an unsupervised technique for visual learning which is based on density estimation in highdimensional spaces using an eigenspace decomposition. Two types of density estimates are derived for modeling the training data: a multivariate Gaussian (for unimodal distributions) and a Mixture
EigenTracking: Robust Matching and Tracking of Articulated Objects Using a ViewBased Representation
 International Journal of Computer Vision
, 1998
"... This paper describes an approach for tracking rigid and articulated objects using a viewbased representation. The approach builds on and extends work on eigenspace representations, robust estimation techniques, and parameterized optical flow estimation. First, we note that the leastsquares image r ..."
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Cited by 656 (16 self)
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This paper describes an approach for tracking rigid and articulated objects using a viewbased representation. The approach builds on and extends work on eigenspace representations, robust estimation techniques, and parameterized optical flow estimation. First, we note that the leastsquares image
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