Results 1  10
of
4,426,578
Incorporating nonlocal information into information extraction systems by gibbs sampling
 In ACL
, 2005
"... Most current statistical natural language processing models use only local features so as to permit dynamic programming in inference, but this makes them unable to fully account for the long distance structure that is prevalent in language use. We show how to solve this dilemma with Gibbs sampling, ..."
Abstract

Cited by 696 (25 self)
 Add to MetaCart
use this technique to augment an existing CRFbased information extraction system with longdistance dependency models, enforcing label consistency and extraction template consistency constraints. This technique results in an error reduction of up to 9 % over stateoftheart systems on two
Linguistic Complexity: Locality of Syntactic Dependencies
 COGNITION
, 1998
"... This paper proposes a new theory of the relationship between the sentence processing mechanism and the available computational resources. This theory  the Syntactic Prediction Locality Theory (SPLT)  has two components: an integration cost component and a component for the memory cost associa ..."
Abstract

Cited by 486 (31 self)
 Add to MetaCart
This paper proposes a new theory of the relationship between the sentence processing mechanism and the available computational resources. This theory  the Syntactic Prediction Locality Theory (SPLT)  has two components: an integration cost component and a component for the memory cost associated with keeping track of obligatory syntactic requirements. Memory cost is
Financial Dependence and Growth
 American Economic Review
, 1998
"... This paper examines whether nancial development facilitates economic growth by scrutinizing one rationale for such a relationship; that nancial development reduces the costs of external nance to rms. Speci cally, we ask whether industrial sectors that are relatively more in need of external nance de ..."
Abstract

Cited by 1043 (29 self)
 Add to MetaCart
This paper examines whether nancial development facilitates economic growth by scrutinizing one rationale for such a relationship; that nancial development reduces the costs of external nance to rms. Speci cally, we ask whether industrial sectors that are relatively more in need of external nance develop disproportionately faster in countries with more developed nancial markets. We nd this to be true in a large sample of countries over the 1980s. We show this result is unlikely to be driven by omitted variables, outliers, or reverse causality. (JEL O4, F3, G1) A large literature, dating at least as far back as Joseph A. Schumpeter (1911), emphasizes the positive in uence of the development of a country's nancial sector on the level and the rate of growth of its per capita income. The argument essentially is that the services the nancial sector provides { of reallocating capital to the highest value use without substantial risk of loss through moral hazard, adverse selection, or transactions costs { are an essential catalyst of economic growth. Empirical work seems consistent with this argument. For example, on the
Loss aversion in riskless choice. A referencedependent model
 QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS
, 1991
"... ..."
Fronts propagating with curvature dependent speed: algorithms based on Hamiltonâ€“Jacobi formulations
 Journal of Computational Physics
, 1988
"... We devise new numerical algorithms, called PSC algorithms, for following fronts propagating with curvaturedependent speed. The speed may be an arbitrary function of curvature, and the front can also be passively advected by an underlying flow. These algorithms approximate the equations of motion, w ..."
Abstract

Cited by 1183 (64 self)
 Add to MetaCart
We devise new numerical algorithms, called PSC algorithms, for following fronts propagating with curvaturedependent speed. The speed may be an arbitrary function of curvature, and the front can also be passively advected by an underlying flow. These algorithms approximate the equations of motion
Interprocedural Slicing Using Dependence Graphs
 ACM TRANSACTIONS ON PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES AND SYSTEMS
, 1990
"... ... This paper concerns the problem of interprocedural slicinggenerating a slice of an entire program, where the slice crosses the boundaries of procedure calls. To solve this problem, we introduce a new kind of graph to represent programs, called a system dependence graph, which extends previou ..."
Abstract

Cited by 822 (85 self)
 Add to MetaCart
... This paper concerns the problem of interprocedural slicinggenerating a slice of an entire program, where the slice crosses the boundaries of procedure calls. To solve this problem, we introduce a new kind of graph to represent programs, called a system dependence graph, which extends
Markov Random Field Models in Computer Vision
, 1994
"... . A variety of computer vision problems can be optimally posed as Bayesian labeling in which the solution of a problem is defined as the maximum a posteriori (MAP) probability estimate of the true labeling. The posterior probability is usually derived from a prior model and a likelihood model. The l ..."
Abstract

Cited by 515 (18 self)
 Add to MetaCart
. The latter relates to how data is observed and is problem domain dependent. The former depends on how various prior constraints are expressed. Markov Random Field Models (MRF) theory is a tool to encode contextual constraints into the prior probability. This paper presents a unified approach for MRF modeling
Models and issues in data stream systems
 IN PODS
, 2002
"... In this overview paper we motivate the need for and research issues arising from a new model of data processing. In this model, data does not take the form of persistent relations, but rather arrives in multiple, continuous, rapid, timevarying data streams. In addition to reviewing past work releva ..."
Abstract

Cited by 770 (19 self)
 Add to MetaCart
In this overview paper we motivate the need for and research issues arising from a new model of data processing. In this model, data does not take the form of persistent relations, but rather arrives in multiple, continuous, rapid, timevarying data streams. In addition to reviewing past work
Exploiting Generative Models in Discriminative Classifiers
 In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 11
, 1998
"... Generative probability models such as hidden Markov models provide a principled way of treating missing information and dealing with variable length sequences. On the other hand, discriminative methods such as support vector machines enable us to construct flexible decision boundaries and often resu ..."
Abstract

Cited by 538 (11 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Generative probability models such as hidden Markov models provide a principled way of treating missing information and dealing with variable length sequences. On the other hand, discriminative methods such as support vector machines enable us to construct flexible decision boundaries and often
Results 1  10
of
4,426,578