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Antide Sitter Space, Thermal Phase Transition, and Confinement in Gauge Theories
 Adv. Theor. Math. Phys
, 1998
"... The correspondence between supergravity (and string theory) on AdS space and boundary conformal field theory relates the thermodynamics of N = 4 super YangMills theory in four dimensions to the thermodynamics of Schwarzschild black holes in Antide Sitter space. In this description, quantum phenome ..."
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Cited by 1087 (4 self)
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The correspondence between supergravity (and string theory) on AdS space and boundary conformal field theory relates the thermodynamics of N = 4 super YangMills theory in four dimensions to the thermodynamics of Schwarzschild black holes in Antide Sitter space. In this description, quantum phenomena such as the spontaneous breaking of the center of the gauge group, magnetic confinement, and the mass gap are coded in classical geometry. The correspondence makes it manifest that the entropy of a very large AdS Schwarzschild black hole must scale “holographically ” with the volume of its horizon. By similar methods, one can also make a speculative proposal for the description of large N gauge theories in four dimensions without supersymmetry. March
Linguistic Complexity: Locality of Syntactic Dependencies
 COGNITION
, 1998
"... This paper proposes a new theory of the relationship between the sentence processing mechanism and the available computational resources. This theory  the Syntactic Prediction Locality Theory (SPLT)  has two components: an integration cost component and a component for the memory cost associa ..."
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Cited by 486 (31 self)
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This paper proposes a new theory of the relationship between the sentence processing mechanism and the available computational resources. This theory  the Syntactic Prediction Locality Theory (SPLT)  has two components: an integration cost component and a component for the memory cost
Incorporating nonlocal information into information extraction systems by gibbs sampling
 In ACL
, 2005
"... Most current statistical natural language processing models use only local features so as to permit dynamic programming in inference, but this makes them unable to fully account for the long distance structure that is prevalent in language use. We show how to solve this dilemma with Gibbs sampling, ..."
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Cited by 696 (25 self)
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Most current statistical natural language processing models use only local features so as to permit dynamic programming in inference, but this makes them unable to fully account for the long distance structure that is prevalent in language use. We show how to solve this dilemma with Gibbs sampling
Distributed packet switching for local computer networks
 Commun. ACM
, 1976
"... Abstract: Ethernet is a branching broadcast communication system for carrying digital data packets among locally distributed computing stations. The packet transport mechanism provided by Ethernet has been used to build systems which can be viewed as either local computer networks or loosely coupled ..."
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Cited by 467 (2 self)
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Abstract: Ethernet is a branching broadcast communication system for carrying digital data packets among locally distributed computing stations. The packet transport mechanism provided by Ethernet has been used to build systems which can be viewed as either local computer networks or loosely
Where the REALLY Hard Problems Are
 IN J. MYLOPOULOS AND R. REITER (EDS.), PROCEEDINGS OF 12TH INTERNATIONAL JOINT CONFERENCE ON AI (IJCAI91),VOLUME 1
, 1991
"... It is well known that for many NPcomplete problems, such as KSat, etc., typical cases are easy to solve; so that computationally hard cases must be rare (assuming P != NP). This paper shows that NPcomplete problems can be summarized by at least one "order parameter", and that the hard p ..."
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Cited by 681 (1 self)
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of a solution changes abruptly from near 0 to near 1. It is the high density of wellseparated almost solutions (local minima) at this boundary that cause search algorithms to "thrash". This boundary is a type of phase transition and we show that it is preserved under mappings between
SIS: A System for Sequential Circuit Synthesis
, 1992
"... SIS is an interactive tool for synthesis and optimization of sequential circuits. Given a state transition table, a signal transition graph, or a logiclevel description of a sequential circuit, it produces an optimized netlist in the target technology while preserving the sequential inputoutput b ..."
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Cited by 514 (41 self)
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SIS is an interactive tool for synthesis and optimization of sequential circuits. Given a state transition table, a signal transition graph, or a logiclevel description of a sequential circuit, it produces an optimized netlist in the target technology while preserving the sequential input
Singularity Detection And Processing With Wavelets
 IEEE Transactions on Information Theory
, 1992
"... Most of a signal information is often found in irregular structures and transient phenomena. We review the mathematical characterization of singularities with Lipschitz exponents. The main theorems that estimate local Lipschitz exponents of functions, from the evolution across scales of their wavele ..."
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Cited by 590 (13 self)
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Most of a signal information is often found in irregular structures and transient phenomena. We review the mathematical characterization of singularities with Lipschitz exponents. The main theorems that estimate local Lipschitz exponents of functions, from the evolution across scales
Geographic Concentration in U.S. Manufacturing Industries: A Dartboard Approach
 Journal of Political Economy
"... This paper discusses the prevalence of Silicon Valley–style localizations of individual manufacturing industries in the United States. A model in which localized industryspecific spillovers, natural advantages, and pure random chance all contribute to geographic concentration is used to develop a ..."
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Cited by 573 (16 self)
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This paper discusses the prevalence of Silicon Valley–style localizations of individual manufacturing industries in the United States. A model in which localized industryspecific spillovers, natural advantages, and pure random chance all contribute to geographic concentration is used to develop
Is public expenditure productive
 Journal of Monetary Economics
, 1989
"... This paper considers the relationship between aggregate productivity and stock and flow governmentspending variables. The empirical results indicate that (i) the nonmilitary public capital stock is dramatically more important in determining productivity than is either the flow of nonmilitary or mil ..."
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Cited by 904 (2 self)
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or military spending, (ii) military capital bears little relation to productivity, and (iii) a 'core ' infrastructure of streets, highways, airports, mass transit, sewers, water systems, etc. has most explanatory power for productivity. The paper also suggests an important role for the net public
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