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Gaussian processes for machine learning
 in: Adaptive Computation and Machine Learning
, 2006
"... Abstract. We give a basic introduction to Gaussian Process regression models. We focus on understanding the role of the stochastic process and how it is used to define a distribution over functions. We present the simple equations for incorporating training data and examine how to learn the hyperpar ..."
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Cited by 631 (2 self)
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Abstract. We give a basic introduction to Gaussian Process regression models. We focus on understanding the role of the stochastic process and how it is used to define a distribution over functions. We present the simple equations for incorporating training data and examine how to learn
Qualitative process theory
 MIT AI Lab Memo
, 1982
"... Objects move, collide, flow, bend, heat up, cool down, stretch, compress. and boil. These and other things that cause changes in objects over time are intuitively characterized as processes. To understand commonsense physical reasoning and make programs that interact with the physical world as well ..."
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Cited by 884 (92 self)
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Objects move, collide, flow, bend, heat up, cool down, stretch, compress. and boil. These and other things that cause changes in objects over time are intuitively characterized as processes. To understand commonsense physical reasoning and make programs that interact with the physical world as well
Singularity Detection And Processing With Wavelets
 IEEE Transactions on Information Theory
, 1992
"... Most of a signal information is often found in irregular structures and transient phenomena. We review the mathematical characterization of singularities with Lipschitz exponents. The main theorems that estimate local Lipschitz exponents of functions, from the evolution across scales of their wavele ..."
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Cited by 590 (13 self)
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Most of a signal information is often found in irregular structures and transient phenomena. We review the mathematical characterization of singularities with Lipschitz exponents. The main theorems that estimate local Lipschitz exponents of functions, from the evolution across scales of their wavelet transform are explained. We then prove that the local maxima of a wavelet transform detect the location of irregular structures and provide numerical procedures to compute their Lipschitz exponents. The wavelet transform of singularities with fast oscillations have a different behavior that we study separately. We show that the size of the oscillations can be measured from the wavelet transform local maxima. It has been shown that one and twodimensional signals can be reconstructed from the local maxima of their wavelet transform [14]. As an application, we develop an algorithm that removes white noises by discriminating the noise and the signal singularities through an analysis of their ...
Eigenfaces vs. Fisherfaces: Recognition Using Class Specific Linear Projection
, 1997
"... We develop a face recognition algorithm which is insensitive to gross variation in lighting direction and facial expression. Taking a pattern classification approach, we consider each pixel in an image as a coordinate in a highdimensional space. We take advantage of the observation that the images ..."
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Cited by 2263 (18 self)
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of a particular face, under varying illumination but fixed pose, lie in a 3D linear subspace of the high dimensional image space  if the face is a Lambertian surface without shadowing. However, since faces are not truly Lambertian surfaces and do indeed produce selfshadowing, images will deviate
LSQR: An Algorithm for Sparse Linear Equations and Sparse Least Squares
 ACM Trans. Math. Software
, 1982
"... An iterative method is given for solving Ax ~ffi b and minU Ax b 112, where the matrix A is large and sparse. The method is based on the bidiagonalization procedure of Golub and Kahan. It is analytically equivalent to the standard method of conjugate gradients, but possesses more favorable numerica ..."
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Cited by 649 (21 self)
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gradient algorithms, indicating that I~QR is the most reliable algorithm when A is illconditioned. Categories and Subject Descriptors: G.1.2 [Numerical Analysis]: ApprorJmationleast squares approximation; G.1.3 [Numerical Analysis]: Numerical Linear Algebralinear systems (direct and
Maximum Likelihood Linear Transformations for HMMBased Speech Recognition
 Computer Speech and Language
, 1998
"... This paper examines the application of linear transformations for speaker and environmental adaptation in an HMMbased speech recognition system. In particular, transformations that are trained in a maximum likelihood sense on adaptation data are investigated. Other than in the form of a simple bias ..."
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Cited by 538 (65 self)
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This paper examines the application of linear transformations for speaker and environmental adaptation in an HMMbased speech recognition system. In particular, transformations that are trained in a maximum likelihood sense on adaptation data are investigated. Other than in the form of a simple
An iterative thresholding algorithm for linear inverse problems with a sparsity constraint
, 2008
"... ..."
Controlled and automatic human information processing
 I. Detection, search, and attention. Psychological Review
, 1977
"... A twoprocess theory of human information processing is proposed and applied to detection, search, and attention phenomena. Automatic processing is activation of a learned sequence of elements in longterm memory that is initiated by appropriate inputs and then proceeds automatically—without subjec ..."
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Cited by 841 (15 self)
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A twoprocess theory of human information processing is proposed and applied to detection, search, and attention phenomena. Automatic processing is activation of a learned sequence of elements in longterm memory that is initiated by appropriate inputs and then proceeds automatically
The Valuation of Options for Alternative Stochastic Processes
 Journal of Financial Economics
, 1976
"... This paper examines the structure of option valuation problems and develops a new technique for their solution. It also introduces several jump and diffusion processes which have nol been used in previous models. The technique is applied lo these processes to find explicit option valuation formulas, ..."
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Cited by 661 (4 self)
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This paper examines the structure of option valuation problems and develops a new technique for their solution. It also introduces several jump and diffusion processes which have nol been used in previous models. The technique is applied lo these processes to find explicit option valuation formulas
Results 11  20
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