Results 1  10
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16,157
Using Linear Algebra for Intelligent Information Retrieval
 SIAM REVIEW
, 1995
"... Currently, most approaches to retrieving textual materials from scientific databases depend on a lexical match between words in users' requests and those in or assigned to documents in a database. Because of the tremendous diversity in the words people use to describe the same document, lexical ..."
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Cited by 676 (18 self)
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by 200300 of the largest singular vectors are then matched against user queries. We call this retrieval method Latent Semantic Indexing (LSI) because the subspace represents important associative relationships between terms and documents that are not evident in individual documents. LSI is a completely
The relationship between return and market value of common stocks
 Journal of Financial Economics
, 1981
"... This study examines the empirical relattonship between the return and the total market value of NYSE common stocks. It is found that smaller firms have had htgher risk adjusted returns, on average, than larger lirms. This ‘size effect ’ has been in existence for at least forty years and is evidence ..."
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Cited by 791 (0 self)
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that the capital asset pricing model is misspecttied. The size elfect is not linear in the market value; the main effect occurs for very small tirms while there is little difference m return between average sized and large firms. It IS not known whether size per se is responsible for the effect or whether size
Regression Shrinkage and Selection Via the Lasso
 JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL STATISTICAL SOCIETY, SERIES B
, 1994
"... We propose a new method for estimation in linear models. The "lasso" minimizes the residual sum of squares subject to the sum of the absolute value of the coefficients being less than a constant. Because of the nature of this constraint it tends to produce some coefficients that are exactl ..."
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Cited by 4212 (49 self)
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We propose a new method for estimation in linear models. The "lasso" minimizes the residual sum of squares subject to the sum of the absolute value of the coefficients being less than a constant. Because of the nature of this constraint it tends to produce some coefficients
Impulses and Physiological States in Theoretical Models of Nerve Membrane
 Biophysical Journal
, 1961
"... ABSTRACT Van der Pol's equation for a relaxation oscillator is generalized by the addition of terms to produce a pair of nonlinear differential equations with either a stable singular point or a limit cycle. The resulting "BVP model " has two variables of state, representing excitabi ..."
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Cited by 505 (0 self)
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ABSTRACT Van der Pol's equation for a relaxation oscillator is generalized by the addition of terms to produce a pair of nonlinear differential equations with either a stable singular point or a limit cycle. The resulting "BVP model " has two variables of state, representing
Exploration, normalization, and summaries of high density oligonucleotide array probe level data.
 Biostatistics,
, 2003
"... SUMMARY In this paper we report exploratory analyses of highdensity oligonucleotide array data from the Affymetrix GeneChip R system with the objective of improving upon currently used measures of gene expression. Our analyses make use of three data sets: a small experimental study consisting of f ..."
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Cited by 854 (33 self)
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familiar features of the perfect match and mismatch probe (P M and M M) values of these data, and examine the variancemean relationship with probelevel data from probes believed to be defective, and so delivering noise only. We explain why we need to normalize the arrays to one another using probe level
Dynamic Bayesian Networks: Representation, Inference and Learning
, 2002
"... Modelling sequential data is important in many areas of science and engineering. Hidden Markov models (HMMs) and Kalman filter models (KFMs) are popular for this because they are simple and flexible. For example, HMMs have been used for speech recognition and biosequence analysis, and KFMs have bee ..."
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Cited by 770 (3 self)
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random variable. DBNs generalize KFMs by allowing arbitrary probability distributions, not just (unimodal) linearGaussian. In this thesis, I will discuss how to represent many different kinds of models as DBNs, how to perform exact and approximate inference in DBNs, and how to learn DBN models from
Estimating Wealth Effects without Expenditure Data— or Tears
 Policy Research Working Paper 1980, The World
, 1998
"... Abstract: We use the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) data collected in Indian states in 1992 and 1993 to estimate the relationship between household wealth and the probability a child (aged 6 to 14) is enrolled in school. A methodological difficulty to overcome is that the NFHS, modeled closely ..."
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Cited by 871 (16 self)
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Abstract: We use the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) data collected in Indian states in 1992 and 1993 to estimate the relationship between household wealth and the probability a child (aged 6 to 14) is enrolled in school. A methodological difficulty to overcome is that the NFHS, modeled
Exchange rates and fundamentals: A nonlinear relationship
 International Journal of Finance & Economics
, 2007
"... entals a NonLinear Relationship? No. 78/2002 ..."
The Relationship Between PrecisionRecall and ROC Curves
 In ICML ’06: Proceedings of the 23rd international conference on Machine learning
, 2006
"... Receiver Operator Characteristic (ROC) curves are commonly used to present results for binary decision problems in machine learning. However, when dealing with highly skewed datasets, PrecisionRecall (PR) curves give a more informative picture of an algorithm’s performance. We show that a deep conn ..."
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Cited by 415 (4 self)
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. Finally, we also note differences in the two types of curves are significant for algorithm design. For example, in PR space it is incorrect to linearly interpolate between points. Furthermore, algorithms that optimize the area under the ROC curve are not guaranteed to optimize the area under the PR curve
The Boosting Approach to Machine Learning: An Overview
, 2002
"... Boosting is a general method for improving the accuracy of any given learning algorithm. Focusing primarily on the AdaBoost algorithm, this chapter overviews some of the recent work on boosting including analyses of AdaBoost's training error and generalization error; boosting's connecti ..."
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Cited by 440 (16 self)
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's connection to game theory and linear programming; the relationship between boosting and logistic regression; extensions of AdaBoost for multiclass classification problems; methods of incorporating human knowledge into boosting; and experimental and applied work using boosting.
Results 1  10
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