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34,741
The ratedistortion function for source coding with side information at the decoder
 IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory
, 1976
"... AbstractLet {(X,, Y,J}r = 1 be a sequence of independent drawings of a pair of dependent random variables X, Y. Let us say that X takes values in the finite set 6. It is desired to encode the sequence {X,} in blocks of length n into a binary stream*of rate R, which can in turn be decoded as a seque ..."
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Cited by 1060 (1 self)
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sequence { 2k}, where zk E %, the reproduction alphabet. The average distorjion level is (l/n) cl = 1 E[D(X,,z&, where D(x, $ 2 0, x E I, 2 E J, is a preassigned distortion measure. The special assumption made here is that the decoder has access to the side information {Yk}. In this paper we determine
An inventory for measuring depression
 Archives of General Psychiatry
, 1961
"... The difficulties inherent in obtaining consistent and adequate diagnoses for the purposes of research and therapy have been pointed out by a number of authors. Pasamanick12 in a recent article viewed the low interclinician agreement on diagnosis as an indictment of the present state of psychiatry ..."
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Cited by 1195 (0 self)
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to objective measurement have resulted in a wide variety of psychiatric rating ~ c a l e s. ~ J ~ These have been well summarized in a review article by Lorr l1 on "Rating Scales and Check Lists for the E v a 1 u a t i o n of Psychopathology. " In the area of psychological testing, a
An inventory for measuring clinical anxiety: Psychometric properties
 JOURNAL OF CONSULTING AND CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY
, 1988
"... The development of a 2 litem selfreport inventory for measuring the severity of anxiety in psychiaric populations i described. The initial item pool f86 items was drawn from three preexisting scales: the Anxiety Checklist, the Physician's Desk Reference Checklist, and the Situational Anxiety ..."
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Cited by 778 (1 self)
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The development of a 2 litem selfreport inventory for measuring the severity of anxiety in psychiaric populations i described. The initial item pool f86 items was drawn from three preexisting scales: the Anxiety Checklist, the Physician's Desk Reference Checklist, and the Situational
Understanding and using the Implicit Association Test: I. An improved scoring algorithm
 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
, 2003
"... behavior relations Greenwald et al. Predictive validity of the IAT (Draft of 30 Dec 2008) 2 Abstract (131 words) This review of 122 research reports (184 independent samples, 14,900 subjects), found average r=.274 for prediction of behavioral, judgment, and physiological measures by Implic ..."
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Cited by 632 (94 self)
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sensitive topics, for which impression management may distort selfreport responses. For 32 samples with criterion measures involving Black–White interracial behavior, predictive validity of IAT measures significantly exceeded that of selfreport measures. Both IAT and selfreport measures displayed
Ktheory for operator algebras
 Mathematical Sciences Research Institute Publications
, 1998
"... p. XII line5: since p. 12: I blew this simple formula: should be α = −〈ξ, η〉/〈η, η〉. p. 2 I.1.1.4: The RieszFischer Theorem is often stated this way today, but neither Riesz nor Fischer (who worked independently) phrased it in terms of completeness of the orthogonal system {e int}. If [a, b] is a ..."
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Cited by 558 (0 self)
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space is not σfinite. p. 13: add after I.2.6.16: I.2.6.17. If X is a compact subset of C not containing 0, and k ∈ N, there is in general no bound on the norm of T −1 as T ranges over all operators with ‖T ‖ ≤ k and σ(T) ⊆ X. For example, let Sn ∈ L(l 2) be the truncated shift: Sn(α1, α2,...) = (0
The information bottleneck method
, 1999
"... We define the relevant information in a signal x ∈ X as being the information that this signal provides about another signal y ∈ Y. Examples include the information that face images provide about the names of the people portrayed, or the information that speech sounds provide about the words spoken. ..."
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Cited by 540 (35 self)
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about Y through a ‘bottleneck ’ formed by a limited set of codewords ˜X. This constrained optimization problem can be seen as a generalization of rate distortion theory in which the distortion measure d(x, ˜x) emerges from the joint statistics of X and Y. This approach yields an exact set of self
Distributional Clustering Of English Words
 In Proceedings of the 31st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics
, 1993
"... We describe and evaluate experimentally a method for clustering words according to their dis tribution in particular syntactic contexts. Words are represented by the relative frequency distributions of contexts in which they appear, and relative entropy between those distributions is used as the si ..."
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Cited by 629 (27 self)
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as the similarity measure for clustering. Clusters are represented by average context distributions derived from the given words according to their probabilities of cluster membership. In many cases, the clusters can be thought of as encoding coarse sense distinctions. Deterministic annealing is used to find lowest
Similarity of Color Images
, 1995
"... We describe two new color indexing techniques. The first one is a more robust version of the commonly used color histogram indexing. In the index we store the cumulative color histograms. The L 1 , L 2 , or L1 distance between two cumulative color histograms can be used to define a similarity mea ..."
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Cited by 495 (2 self)
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We describe two new color indexing techniques. The first one is a more robust version of the commonly used color histogram indexing. In the index we store the cumulative color histograms. The L 1 , L 2 , or L1 distance between two cumulative color histograms can be used to define a similarity
Illusion and wellbeing: A social psychological perspective on mental health.
 Psychological Bulletin,
, 1988
"... Many prominent theorists have argued that accurate perceptions of the self, the world, and the future are essential for mental health. Yet considerable research evidence suggests that overly positive selfevaluations, exaggerated perceptions of control or mastery, and unrealistic optimism are charac ..."
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Cited by 988 (20 self)
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both the social world and cognitiveprocessing mechanisms impose niters on incoming information that distort it in a positive direction; negative information may be isolated and represented in as unthreatening a manner as possible. These positive illusions may be especially useful when an individual
Policy gradient methods for reinforcement learning with function approximation.
 In NIPS,
, 1999
"... Abstract Function approximation is essential to reinforcement learning, but the standard approach of approximating a value function and determining a policy from it has so far proven theoretically intractable. In this paper we explore an alternative approach in which the policy is explicitly repres ..."
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Cited by 439 (20 self)
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proportional to the gradient: where α is a positivedefinite step size. If the above can be achieved, then θ can usually be assured to converge to a locally optimal policy in the performance measure ρ. Unlike the valuefunction approach, here small changes in θ can cause only small changes in the policy
Results 1  10
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