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166,103
Measuring individual differences in implicit cognition: The implicit association test
 J PERSONALITY SOCIAL PSYCHOL 74:1464–1480
, 1998
"... An implicit association test (IAT) measures differential association of 2 target concepts with an attribute. The 2 concepts appear in a 2choice task (e.g., flower vs. insect names), and the attribute in a 2nd task (e.g., pleasant vs. unpleasant words for an evaluation attribute). When instructions ..."
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Cited by 937 (63 self)
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An implicit association test (IAT) measures differential association of 2 target concepts with an attribute. The 2 concepts appear in a 2choice task (e.g., flower vs. insect names), and the attribute in a 2nd task (e.g., pleasant vs. unpleasant words for an evaluation attribute). When instructions
Estimating the Support of a HighDimensional Distribution
, 1999
"... Suppose you are given some dataset drawn from an underlying probability distribution P and you want to estimate a "simple" subset S of input space such that the probability that a test point drawn from P lies outside of S is bounded by some a priori specified between 0 and 1. We propo ..."
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Cited by 766 (29 self)
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Suppose you are given some dataset drawn from an underlying probability distribution P and you want to estimate a "simple" subset S of input space such that the probability that a test point drawn from P lies outside of S is bounded by some a priori specified between 0 and 1. We
Eliciting selfexplanations improves understanding
 Cognitive Science
, 1994
"... Learning involves the integration of new information into existing knowledge. Generoting explanations to oneself (selfexplaining) facilitates that integration process. Previously, selfexplanation has been shown to improve the acquisition of problemsolving skills when studying workedout examples. ..."
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Cited by 556 (22 self)
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of a possage on the human circulatory system. Ten students in the control group read the same text twice, but were not prompted to selfexplain. All of the students were tested for their circulatory system knowledge before and after reading the text. The prompted group had a greater gain from
Eigenfaces vs. Fisherfaces: Recognition Using Class Specific Linear Projection
, 1997
"... We develop a face recognition algorithm which is insensitive to gross variation in lighting direction and facial expression. Taking a pattern classification approach, we consider each pixel in an image as a coordinate in a highdimensional space. We take advantage of the observation that the images ..."
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Cited by 2263 (18 self)
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We develop a face recognition algorithm which is insensitive to gross variation in lighting direction and facial expression. Taking a pattern classification approach, we consider each pixel in an image as a coordinate in a highdimensional space. We take advantage of the observation that the images of a particular face, under varying illumination but fixed pose, lie in a 3D linear subspace of the high dimensional image space  if the face is a Lambertian surface without shadowing. However, since faces are not truly Lambertian surfaces and do indeed produce selfshadowing, images will deviate from this linear subspace. Rather than explicitly modeling this deviation, we linearly project the image into a subspace in a manner which discounts those regions of the face with large deviation. Our projection method is based on Fisher's Linear Discriminant and produces well separated classes in a lowdimensional subspace even under severe variation in lighting and facial expressions. The Eigenface
The Hungarian method for the assignment problem
 Naval Res. Logist. Quart
, 1955
"... Assuming that numerical scores are available for the performance of each of n persons on each of n jobs, the "assignment problem" is the quest for an assignment of persons to jobs so that the sum of the n scores so obtained is as large as possible. It is shown that ideas latent in the work ..."
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Cited by 1238 (0 self)
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Assuming that numerical scores are available for the performance of each of n persons on each of n jobs, the "assignment problem" is the quest for an assignment of persons to jobs so that the sum of the n scores so obtained is as large as possible. It is shown that ideas latent in the work of two Hungarian mathematicians may be exploited to yield a new method of solving this problem. 1.
Automatic Discovery of Linear Restraints Among Variables of a Program
, 1978
"... The model of abstract interpretation of programs developed by Cousot and Cousot [2nd ISOP, 1976], Cousot and Cousot [POPL 1977] and Cousot [PhD thesis 1978] is applied to the static determination of linear equality or inequality invariant relations among numerical variables of programs. ..."
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Cited by 733 (47 self)
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The model of abstract interpretation of programs developed by Cousot and Cousot [2nd ISOP, 1976], Cousot and Cousot [POPL 1977] and Cousot [PhD thesis 1978] is applied to the static determination of linear equality or inequality invariant relations among numerical variables of programs.
The FF planning system: Fast plan generation through heuristic search
 Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research
, 2001
"... We describe and evaluate the algorithmic techniques that are used in the FF planning system. Like the HSP system, FF relies on forward state space search, using a heuristic that estimates goal distances by ignoring delete lists. Unlike HSP's heuristic, our method does not assume facts to be ind ..."
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Cited by 822 (53 self)
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We describe and evaluate the algorithmic techniques that are used in the FF planning system. Like the HSP system, FF relies on forward state space search, using a heuristic that estimates goal distances by ignoring delete lists. Unlike HSP's heuristic, our method does not assume facts to be independent. We introduce a novel search strategy that combines Hillclimbing with systematic search, and we show how other powerful heuristic information can be extracted and used to prune the search space. FF was the most successful automatic planner at the recent AIPS2000 planning competition. We review the results of the competition, give data for other benchmark domains, and investigate the reasons for the runtime performance of FF compared to HSP.
A Simple Estimator of Cointegrating Vectors in Higher Order Cointegrated Systems
 ECONOMETRICA
, 1993
"... Efficient estimators of cointegrating vectors are presented for systems involving deterministic components and variables of differing, higher orders of integration. The estimators are computed using GLS or OLS, and Wald Statistics constructed from these estimators have asymptotic x2 distributions. T ..."
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Cited by 507 (3 self)
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Efficient estimators of cointegrating vectors are presented for systems involving deterministic components and variables of differing, higher orders of integration. The estimators are computed using GLS or OLS, and Wald Statistics constructed from these estimators have asymptotic x2 distributions. These and previously proposed estimators of cointegrating vectors are used to study longrun U.S. money (Ml) demand. Ml demand is found to be stable over 19001989; the 95 % confidence intervals for the income elasticity and interest rate semielasticity are (.88,1.06) and (.13,.08), respectively. Estimates based on the postwar data alone, however, are unstable, with variances which indicate substantial sampling uncertainty.
Results 1  10
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166,103