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Bayesian Data Analysis
, 1995
"... I actually own a copy of Harold Jeffreys’s Theory of Probability but have only read small bits of it, most recently over a decade ago to confirm that, indeed, Jeffreys was not too proud to use a classical chisquared pvalue when he wanted to check the misfit of a model to data (Gelman, Meng and Ste ..."
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Cited by 2194 (63 self)
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the following: (1) in thinking about prior distributions, we should go beyond Jeffreys’s principles and move toward weakly informative priors; (2) it is natural for those of us who work in social and computational sciences to favor complex models, contra Jeffreys’s preference for simplicity; and (3) a key
By Jeffrey Lange* and Nicholas Economides**
 European Financial Management
, 2001
"... A parimutuel market microstructure for contingent claims trading is proposed and analyzed. A parimutuel microstructure is a call auction where relative equilibrium prices of contingent claims are endogenously determined using a specific mechanism. We propose a market microstructure incorporating par ..."
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parimutuel principles which provides for notional derivatives transactions, limit orders, and bundling of contingent claims across states. This microstructure will be used by Longitude Inc.'s clients to transact derivatives on economic statistics, weather, insurance losses and other types of risks
Jeffrey R. Spies
"... As access to highperformance computing has increased over the years, the scientific community has in turn sought to analyze increasingly complex data. However, discovering and understanding complex relationships in multidimensional data can be a daunting task. Traditionally, exploratory data analys ..."
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are mapped to spatial dimensions. In order to confront the task of visualizing multidimensional data, it is necessary to draw from principles of human visual perception and cognition. It is wellknown that humans are incredibly adept at categorizing the natural world by reducing large degrees of freedom down
JEFFREY KETLAND YABLO’S PARADOX AND ωINCONSISTENCY
"... ABSTRACT. It is argued that Yablo’s Paradox is not strictly paradoxical, but rather ‘ωparadoxical’. Under a natural formalization, the list of Yablo sentences may be constructed using a diagonalization argument and can be shown to be ωinconsistent, but nonetheless consistent. The derivation of an ..."
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of an inconsistency requires a uniform fixedpoint construction. Moreover, the truththeoretic disquotational principle required is also uniform, rather than the local disquotational Tscheme. The theory with the local disquotation Tscheme applied to individual sentences from the Yablo list is also consistent. 1.
Accounting for Framing Effects: an Informational Approach to Intensionality in the BolkerJeffrey Decision Model ∗
, 2005
"... and Tversky, 2000) raise a challenge to the more formal and normative approach to rationality. Logicians, when facing these cases, can be led to reflect on some basic principles of theirs. Among these biases, framing effects (Tversky and Kahneman, 1981) occur when different descriptions of the same ..."
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and Tversky, 2000) raise a challenge to the more formal and normative approach to rationality. Logicians, when facing these cases, can be led to reflect on some basic principles of theirs. Among these biases, framing effects (Tversky and Kahneman, 1981) occur when different descriptions of the same
On analysis of the unicity of Jeffrey’s rule of conditioning in a possibilistic framework
, 2009
"... Conditioning is an important task for designing intelligent systems in artificial intelligence. This paper addresses an issue related to the possibilistic counterparts of Jeffrey’s rule of conditioning. More precisely, it addresses the existence and unicity of solutions computed using the possibilis ..."
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Conditioning is an important task for designing intelligent systems in artificial intelligence. This paper addresses an issue related to the possibilistic counterparts of Jeffrey’s rule of conditioning. More precisely, it addresses the existence and unicity of solutions computed using
CH: Notes on Landauer's principle, reversible computation, and Maxwell's Demon
 Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 2003
"... Landauer’s principle, often regarded as the basic principle of the thermodynamics of information processing, holds that any logically irreversible manipulation of information, such as the erasure of a bit or the merging of two computation paths, must be accompanied by a corresponding entropy increas ..."
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Cited by 45 (0 self)
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Landauer’s principle, often regarded as the basic principle of the thermodynamics of information processing, holds that any logically irreversible manipulation of information, such as the erasure of a bit or the merging of two computation paths, must be accompanied by a corresponding entropy
What is flux balance analysis?
 Nat Biotech,
, 2010
"... matrix of stoichiometriesthat consumes precursor metabolites at stoichiometries that simulate biomass production. The biomass reaction is based on experimental measurements of biomass components. This reaction is scaled so that the flux through it is equal to the exponential growth rate (µ) of the ..."
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Cited by 93 (8 self)
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objective that is relevant to the problem being studied In this primer, we illustrate the principles behind FBA by applying it to predict the maximum growth rate of Escherichia coli in the presence and absence of oxygen. The principles outlined can be applied in many other contexts to analyze
Statistical Inference, Occam’s Razor, and Statistical Mechanics on the Space of Probability Distributions
, 1997
"... The task of parametric model selection is cast in terms of a statistical mechanics on the space of probability distributions. Using the techniques of lowtemperature expansions, I arrive at a systematic series for the Bayesian posterior probability of a model family that significantly extends known ..."
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Cited by 78 (3 self)
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results in the literature. In particular, I arrive at a precise understanding of how Occam’s razor, the principle that simpler models should be preferred until the data justify more complex models, is automatically embodied by probability theory. These results require a measure on the space of model
An Invariant Bayesian Model Selection Principle for Gaussian Data
, 2004
"... We develop a code length principle which is invariant to the choice of parameterization on the model distributions. An invariant approximation formula for easy computation of the marginal distribution is provided for gaussian likelihood models. We provide invariant estimators of the model parameters ..."
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Cited by 2 (1 self)
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probability distributions on model classes. The total code length is shown to be closely related to the NML code length of Rissanen when choosing Jeffreys prior distribution on the model parameters together with a uniform prior distribution on the model classes. Our model selection principle is applied to a
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