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1,244
Knowledge and Common Knowledge in a Distributed Environment
 Journal of the ACM
, 1984
"... : Reasoning about knowledge seems to play a fundamental role in distributed systems. Indeed, such reasoning is a central part of the informal intuitive arguments used in the design of distributed protocols. Communication in a distributed system can be viewed as the act of transforming the system&apo ..."
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Cited by 578 (55 self)
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: Reasoning about knowledge seems to play a fundamental role in distributed systems. Indeed, such reasoning is a central part of the informal intuitive arguments used in the design of distributed protocols. Communication in a distributed system can be viewed as the act of transforming the system
Calibrating noise to sensitivity in private data analysis
 In Proceedings of the 3rd Theory of Cryptography Conference
, 2006
"... Abstract. We continue a line of research initiated in [10, 11] on privacypreserving statistical databases. Consider a trusted server that holds a database of sensitive information. Given a query function f mapping databases to reals, the socalled true answer is the result of applying f to the datab ..."
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Cited by 649 (60 self)
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argument to f can change its output. The new analysis shows that for several particular applications substantially less noise is needed than was previously understood to be the case. The first step is a very clean characterization of privacy in terms of indistinguishability of transcripts. Additionally, we
PCA versus LDA
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE
, 2001
"... In the context of the appearancebased paradigm for object recognition, it is generally believed that algorithms based on LDA (Linear Discriminant Analysis) are superior to those based on PCA (Principal Components Analysis) . In this communication we show that this is not always the case. We present ..."
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Cited by 472 (16 self)
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present our case first by using intuitively plausible arguments and then by showing actual results on a face database. Our overall conclusion is that when the training dataset is small, PCA can outperform LDA, and also that PCA is less sensitive to different training datasets. Keywords: face recognition
The Determinants of Credit Spread Changes.
 Journal of Finance
, 2001
"... ABSTRACT Using dealer's quotes and transactions prices on straight industrial bonds, we investigate the determinants of credit spread changes. Variables that should in theory determine credit spread changes have rather limited explanatory power. Further, the residuals from this regression are ..."
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Cited by 422 (2 self)
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used. We conclude in Section V. 2 I. Theoretical Determinants of Credit Spread Changes Socalled structural models of default provide an intuitive framework for identifying the determinants of credit spread changes. 4 These models build on the original insights of Black and Scholes (1973), who
THE CONCEIVABILITY ARGUMENT AND THE INTUITION OF DUALISM
"... The standard assumption in the literature is that Kripke’s argument against the identity theory presupposes that an identity statement can be true a posteriori only if at least one of the concepts flanking the identity sign refers contingently (Chalmers [1996]; GarciaCarpintero and Macia [2006]; Lo ..."
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The standard assumption in the literature is that Kripke’s argument against the identity theory presupposes that an identity statement can be true a posteriori only if at least one of the concepts flanking the identity sign refers contingently (Chalmers [1996]; GarciaCarpintero and Macia [2006
On MaximumLikelihood Detection and the Search for the Closest Lattice Point
 IEEE TRANS. INFORM. THEORY
, 2003
"... Maximumlikelihood (ML) decoding algorithms for Gaussian multipleinput multipleoutput (MIMO) linear channels are considered. Linearity over the field of real numbers facilitates the design of ML decoders using numbertheoretic tools for searching the closest lattice point. These decoders are colle ..."
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Cited by 273 (9 self)
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is supported by intuitive arguments and simulation results in many relevant scenarios.
The robust beauty of improper linear models in decision making
 American Psychologist
, 1979
"... ABSTRACT: Proper linear models are those in which predictor variables are given weights in such a way that the resulting linear composite optimally predicts some criterion of interest; examples of proper linear models are standard regression analysis, discriminant function analysis, and ridge regres ..."
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Cited by 267 (1 self)
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variables, proper linear models outperform clinical intuition. Improper linear models are those in which the weights of the predictor variables are obtained by some nonoptimal method; for example, they may be obtained on the basis of intuition, derived from simulating a clinical judge's predictions
Epistemically Selfdefeating Arguments and Skepticism about Intuition
, 2012
"... An argument is epistemically selfdefeating when either the truth of an argument’s conclusion or belief in an argument’s conclusion defeats one’s justification to believe at least one of that argument’s premises. Some extant defenses of the evidentiary value of intuition have invoked considerations ..."
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An argument is epistemically selfdefeating when either the truth of an argument’s conclusion or belief in an argument’s conclusion defeats one’s justification to believe at least one of that argument’s premises. Some extant defenses of the evidentiary value of intuition have in
A STATEMENT, THE CONTRAPOSITIVE AND THE INVERSE: INTUITION AND ARGUMENTATION
"... The equivalence between a statement and its contrapositive is so obvious for an expert that, usually, he does not need any explanation. In this paper, we shall examine the argumentations which students produce in order to justify a statement that, in their opinion, is equivalent to a given statement ..."
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statement. We shall observe that the most common argumentations come out from the effort to adjust the proof of the first statement to the second one. Analysing these argumentations, it will emerge that for the students the (false) equivalence between a statement and its inverse is intuitive and the (true
Rigidity and Modal Asymmetry: The intuitive Kripkean argument revisited
"... Much of what has been discussed in the theory of reference in the last twentyfive years is strongly influenced by considerations centring on the business of devising a semantics for quantified modal logic. In this context, discussion of the property of rigidity plays an important role. This propert ..."
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. This property is conceived of as a semantic modal property that distinguishes proper names from descriptions. It is argued that there is a semantic modal asymmetry between expressions of these types. In this talk I shall challenge this assumption. By examining the intuitive Kripkean argument or test employed I
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