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Dynamic programming algorithm optimization for spoken word recognition
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ACOUSTICS, SPEECH, AND SIGNAL PROCESSING
, 1978
"... This paper reports on an optimum dynamic programming (DP) based timenormalization algorithm for spoken word recognition. First, a general principle of timenormalization is given using timewarping function. Then, two timenormalized distance definitions, ded symmetric and asymmetric forms, are der ..."
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Cited by 788 (3 self)
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This paper reports on an optimum dynamic programming (DP) based timenormalization algorithm for spoken word recognition. First, a general principle of timenormalization is given using timewarping function. Then, two timenormalized distance definitions, ded symmetric and asymmetric forms
Understanding Normal and Impaired Word Reading: Computational Principles in QuasiRegular Domains
 PSYCHOLOGICAL REVIEW
, 1996
"... We develop a connectionist approach to processing in quasiregular domains, as exemplified by English word reading. A consideration of the shortcomings of a previous implementation (Seidenberg & McClelland, 1989, Psych. Rev.) in reading nonwords leads to the development of orthographic and phono ..."
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Cited by 613 (94 self)
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and phonological representations that capture better the relevant structure among the written and spoken forms of words. In a number of simulation experiments, networks using the new representations learn to read both regular and exception words, including lowfrequency exception words, and yet are still able
Online and Offline Handwriting Recognition: A Comprehensive Survey
 IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
"... AbstractÐHandwriting has continued to persist as a means of communication and recording information in daytoday life even with the introduction of new technologies. Given its ubiquity in human transactions, machine recognition of handwriting has practical significance, as in reading handwritten no ..."
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Cited by 495 (8 self)
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AbstractÐHandwriting has continued to persist as a means of communication and recording information in daytoday life even with the introduction of new technologies. Given its ubiquity in human transactions, machine recognition of handwriting has practical significance, as in reading handwritten
Query Expansion Using Local and Global Document Analysis
 In Proceedings of the 19th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval
, 1996
"... Automatic query expansion has long been suggested as a technique for dealing with the fundamental issue of word mismatch in information retrieval. A number of approaches to expansion have been studied and, more recently, attention has focused on techniques that analyze the corpus to discover word re ..."
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Cited by 610 (24 self)
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global analysis techniques, such as word context and phrase structure, on the local set of documents produces results that are both more effective and more predictable than simple local feedback. 1 Introduction The problem of word mismatch is fundamental to information retrieval. Simply stated, it means
A Transformation System for Developing Recursive Programs
, 1977
"... A system of rules for transforming programs is described, with the programs in the form of recursion equations An initially very simple, lucid. and hopefully correct program IS transformed into a more efficient one by altering the recursion structure Illustrative examples of program transformations ..."
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Cited by 649 (3 self)
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A system of rules for transforming programs is described, with the programs in the form of recursion equations An initially very simple, lucid. and hopefully correct program IS transformed into a more efficient one by altering the recursion structure Illustrative examples of program transformations
A Sequential Algorithm for Training Text Classifiers
, 1994
"... The ability to cheaply train text classifiers is critical to their use in information retrieval, content analysis, natural language processing, and other tasks involving data which is partly or fully textual. An algorithm for sequential sampling during machine learning of statistical classifiers was ..."
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Cited by 631 (10 self)
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was developed and tested on a newswire text categorization task. This method, which we call uncertainty sampling, reduced by as much as 500fold the amount of training data that would have to be manually classified to achieve a given level of effectiveness. 1 Introduction Text classification is the automated
A Learning Algorithm for Continually Running Fully Recurrent Neural Networks
, 1989
"... The exact form of a gradientfollowing learning algorithm for completely recurrent networks running in continually sampled time is derived and used as the basis for practical algorithms for temporal supervised learning tasks. These algorithms have: (1) the advantage that they do not require a precis ..."
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Cited by 534 (4 self)
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The exact form of a gradientfollowing learning algorithm for completely recurrent networks running in continually sampled time is derived and used as the basis for practical algorithms for temporal supervised learning tasks. These algorithms have: (1) the advantage that they do not require a
Monitors: An Operating System Structuring Concept
 Communications of the ACM
, 1974
"... This is a digitized copy derived from an ACM copyrighted work. It is not guaranteed to be an accurate copy of the author's original work. This paper develops BrinchHansen's concept of a monitor as a method of structuring an operating system. It introduces a form of synchronization, descri ..."
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Cited by 566 (0 self)
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This is a digitized copy derived from an ACM copyrighted work. It is not guaranteed to be an accurate copy of the author's original work. This paper develops BrinchHansen's concept of a monitor as a method of structuring an operating system. It introduces a form of synchronization
Speaker verification using Adapted Gaussian mixture models
 Digital Signal Processing
, 2000
"... In this paper we describe the major elements of MIT Lincoln Laboratory’s Gaussian mixture model (GMM)based speaker verification system used successfully in several NIST Speaker Recognition Evaluations (SREs). The system is built around the likelihood ratio test for verification, using simple but ef ..."
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Cited by 1010 (42 self)
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but effective GMMs for likelihood functions, a universal background model (UBM) for alternative speaker representation, and a form of Bayesian adaptation to derive speaker models from the UBM. The development and use of a handset detector and score normalization to greatly improve verification performance
Stochastic Perturbation Theory
, 1988
"... . In this paper classical matrix perturbation theory is approached from a probabilistic point of view. The perturbed quantity is approximated by a firstorder perturbation expansion, in which the perturbation is assumed to be random. This permits the computation of statistics estimating the variatio ..."
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Cited by 907 (36 self)
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and the eigenvalue problem. Key words. perturbation theory, random matrix, linear system, least squares, eigenvalue, eigenvector, invariant subspace, singular value AMS(MOS) subject classifications. 15A06, 15A12, 15A18, 15A52, 15A60 1. Introduction. Let A be a matrix and let F be a matrix valued function of A
Results 1  10
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