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Toward an instance theory of automatization
 Psychological Review
, 1988
"... This article presents a theory in which automatization is construed as the acquisition of a domainspecific knowledge base, formed of separate representations, instances, of each exposure to the task. Processing is considered automatic if it relies on retrieval of stored instances, which will occur ..."
Abstract

Cited by 647 (38 self)
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This article presents a theory in which automatization is construed as the acquisition of a domainspecific knowledge base, formed of separate representations, instances, of each exposure to the task. Processing is considered automatic if it relies on retrieval of stored instances, which will occur
An instance theory of attention and memory
 Psychological Review
, 2002
"... An instance theory of attention and memory (ITAM) is presented that integrates formal theories of attention and memory phenomena by exploiting commonalities in their formal structure. The core idea in each theory is that performance depends on a choice process that can be modeled as a race between c ..."
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Cited by 78 (10 self)
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An instance theory of attention and memory (ITAM) is presented that integrates formal theories of attention and memory phenomena by exploiting commonalities in their formal structure. The core idea in each theory is that performance depends on a choice process that can be modeled as a race between
The Weibull distribution, the power law, and the instance theory of automaticity
 Psychological Review
, 1995
"... H. Colonius (1995) agreed with the fundamental tenets of the instance theory of automaticity. His article addressed the mathematical development of the theory, pointing out an error in one of two arguments that G. D. Logan (1988,1992) used to justify the choice of the Weibull as the distribution of ..."
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Cited by 26 (2 self)
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H. Colonius (1995) agreed with the fundamental tenets of the instance theory of automaticity. His article addressed the mathematical development of the theory, pointing out an error in one of two arguments that G. D. Logan (1988,1992) used to justify the choice of the Weibull as the distribution
Instance theory and universal grammar in second language research
 Second Language Research
, 1998
"... This article considers the possibility of applying instance theory to the study of language, second language in particular. Instance theory deemphasizes the role of abstract principles in knowledge and its acquisition and use, focusing instead on the storage and retrieval of specific experiences, o ..."
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Cited by 2 (0 self)
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This article considers the possibility of applying instance theory to the study of language, second language in particular. Instance theory deemphasizes the role of abstract principles in knowledge and its acquisition and use, focusing instead on the storage and retrieval of specific experiences
ChernSimons Gauge Theory as a String Theory
, 2003
"... Certain two dimensional topological field theories can be interpreted as string theory backgrounds in which the usual decoupling of ghosts and matter does not hold. Like ordinary string models, these can sometimes be given spacetime interpretations. For instance, threedimensional ChernSimons gaug ..."
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Cited by 545 (13 self)
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Certain two dimensional topological field theories can be interpreted as string theory backgrounds in which the usual decoupling of ghosts and matter does not hold. Like ordinary string models, these can sometimes be given spacetime interpretations. For instance, threedimensional Chern
AUTOMATICITY AND READING: PERSPECTIVES FROM THE INSTANCE THEORY OF AUTOMATIZATION
, 1997
"... This article may be used for research, teaching and private study purposes. Any substantial or systematic reproduction, redistribution, reselling, loan or sublicensing, systematic supply or distribution in any form to anyone is expressly forbidden. The publisher does not give any warranty express ..."
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Cited by 39 (0 self)
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This article may be used for research, teaching and private study purposes. Any substantial or systematic reproduction, redistribution, reselling, loan or sublicensing, systematic supply or distribution in any form to anyone is expressly forbidden. The publisher does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents will be complete or accurate or up to date. The accuracy of any instructions, formulae and drug doses should be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shall not be liable for any loss, actions, claims, proceedings, demand or costs or damages whatsoever or howsoever caused arising directly or indirectly in connection with or arising out of the use of this material.
A theory of social comparison processes,”
 Human Relations,
, 1954
"... In this paper we shall present a further development of a previously published theory concerning opinion influence processes in social groups (7). This further development has enabled us to extend the theory to deal with other areas, in addition to opinion formation, in which social comparison is i ..."
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Cited by 1318 (0 self)
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In this paper we shall present a further development of a previously published theory concerning opinion influence processes in social groups (7). This further development has enabled us to extend the theory to deal with other areas, in addition to opinion formation, in which social comparison
Cognition and Categorization,
, 1978
"... Abstract Many concepts have stereotypes. This leaves open the question of whether concepts are stereotypes. It has been argued elsewhere that theories that identify concepts with their stereotypes or with stereotypical properties of their instances (e.g., ..."
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Cited by 1191 (0 self)
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Abstract Many concepts have stereotypes. This leaves open the question of whether concepts are stereotypes. It has been argued elsewhere that theories that identify concepts with their stereotypes or with stereotypical properties of their instances (e.g.,
The knowledge complexity of interactive proof systems

, 1989
"... Usually, a proof of a theorem contains more knowledge than the mere fact that the theorem is true. For instance, to prove that a graph is Hamiltonian it suffices to exhibit a Hamiltonian tour in it; however, this seems to contain more knowledge than the single bit Hamiltonian/nonHamiltonian. In th ..."
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Cited by 1246 (39 self)
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Usually, a proof of a theorem contains more knowledge than the mere fact that the theorem is true. For instance, to prove that a graph is Hamiltonian it suffices to exhibit a Hamiltonian tour in it; however, this seems to contain more knowledge than the single bit Hamiltonian
Graphical models, exponential families, and variational inference
, 2008
"... The formalism of probabilistic graphical models provides a unifying framework for capturing complex dependencies among random variables, and building largescale multivariate statistical models. Graphical models have become a focus of research in many statistical, computational and mathematical fiel ..."
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Cited by 819 (28 self)
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fields, including bioinformatics, communication theory, statistical physics, combinatorial optimization, signal and image processing, information retrieval and statistical machine learning. Many problems that arise in specific instances — including the key problems of computing marginals and modes
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