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HigherOrder Clique Reduction in Binary Graph Cut Hiroshi Ishikawa
"... We introduce a new technique that can reduce any higherorder Markov random field with binary labels into a firstorder one that has the same minima as the original. Moreover, we combine the reduction with the fusionmove and QPBO algorithms to optimize higherorder multilabel problems. While many ..."
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We introduce a new technique that can reduce any higherorder Markov random field with binary labels into a firstorder one that has the same minima as the original. Moreover, we combine the reduction with the fusionmove and QPBO algorithms to optimize higherorder multilabel problems. While many
The Symbol Grounding Problem
, 1990
"... There has been much discussion recently about the scope and limits of purely symbolic models of the mind and about the proper role of connectionism in cognitive modeling. This paper describes the "symbol grounding problem": How can the semantic interpretation of a formal symbol system be m ..."
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Cited by 1084 (20 self)
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of their (nonsymbolic) categorical representations. Higherorder (3) "symbolic representations" , grounded in these elementary symbols, consist of symbol strings describing category membership relations (e.g., "An X is a Y that is Z"). Connectionism is one natural candidate for the mechanism
ControlFlow Analysis of HigherOrder Languages
, 1991
"... representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of ONR or the U.S. Government. Keywords: dataflow analysis, Scheme, LISP, ML, CPS, type recovery, higherorder functions, functional programming, optimising compilers, denotational semantics, nonstandard Programs written in powerful, ..."
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Cited by 365 (10 self)
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representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of ONR or the U.S. Government. Keywords: dataflow analysis, Scheme, LISP, ML, CPS, type recovery, higherorder functions, functional programming, optimising compilers, denotational semantics, nonstandard Programs written in powerful
Distortion invariant object recognition in the dynamic link architecture
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPUTERS
, 1993
"... We present an object recognition system based on the Dynamic Link Architecture, which is an extension to classical Artificial Neural Networks. The Dynamic Link Architecture exploits correlations in the finescale temporal structure of cellular signals in order to group neurons dynamically into hig ..."
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Cited by 637 (80 self)
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into higherorder entities. These entities represent a very rich structure and can code for high level objects. In order to demonstrate the capabilities of the Dynamic Link Architecture we implemented a program that can recognize human faces and other objects from video images. Memorized objects
Experiments with a New Boosting Algorithm
, 1996
"... In an earlier paper, we introduced a new “boosting” algorithm called AdaBoost which, theoretically, can be used to significantly reduce the error of any learning algorithm that consistently generates classifiers whose performance is a little better than random guessing. We also introduced the relate ..."
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Cited by 2213 (20 self)
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the related notion of a “pseudoloss ” which is a method for forcing a learning algorithm of multilabel conceptsto concentrate on the labels that are hardest to discriminate. In this paper, we describe experiments we carried out to assess how well AdaBoost with and without pseudoloss, performs on real
Improved Boosting Algorithms Using Confidencerated Predictions
 MACHINE LEARNING
, 1999
"... We describe several improvements to Freund and Schapire’s AdaBoost boosting algorithm, particularly in a setting in which hypotheses may assign confidences to each of their predictions. We give a simplified analysis of AdaBoost in this setting, and we show how this analysis can be used to find impr ..."
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Cited by 940 (26 self)
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out to be identical to one proposed by Kearns and Mansour. We focus next on how to apply the new boosting algorithms to multiclass classification problems, particularly to the multilabel case in which each example may belong to more than one class. We give two boosting methods for this problem, plus
Stochastic Perturbation Theory
, 1988
"... . In this paper classical matrix perturbation theory is approached from a probabilistic point of view. The perturbed quantity is approximated by a firstorder perturbation expansion, in which the perturbation is assumed to be random. This permits the computation of statistics estimating the variatio ..."
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Cited by 907 (36 self)
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the variation in the perturbed quantity. Up to the higherorder terms that are ignored in the expansion, these statistics tend to be more realistic than perturbation bounds obtained in terms of norms. The technique is applied to a number of problems in matrix perturbation theory, including least squares
A large mass hierarchy from a small extra dimension
, 1999
"... We propose a new higherdimensional mechanism for solving the hierarchy problem. The weak scale is generated from a large scale of order the Planck scale through an exponential hierarchy. However, this exponential arises not from gauge interactions but from the background metric (which is a slice of ..."
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Cited by 1077 (3 self)
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We propose a new higherdimensional mechanism for solving the hierarchy problem. The weak scale is generated from a large scale of order the Planck scale through an exponential hierarchy. However, this exponential arises not from gauge interactions but from the background metric (which is a slice
A Model of Saliencybased Visual Attention for Rapid Scene Analysis
, 1998
"... A visual attention system, inspired by the behavior and the neuronal architecture of the early primate visual system, is presented. Multiscale image features are combined into a single topographical saliency map. A dynamical neural network then selects attended locations in order of decreasing salie ..."
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Cited by 1748 (72 self)
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A visual attention system, inspired by the behavior and the neuronal architecture of the early primate visual system, is presented. Multiscale image features are combined into a single topographical saliency map. A dynamical neural network then selects attended locations in order of decreasing
Randomized kinodynamic planning
 THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ROBOTICS RESEARCH 2001; 20; 378
, 2001
"... This paper presents the first randomized approach to kinodynamic planning (also known as trajectory planning or trajectory design). The task is to determine control inputs to drive a robot from an initial configuration and velocity to a goal configuration and velocity while obeying physically based ..."
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Cited by 626 (35 self)
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dynamical models and avoiding obstacles in the robot’s environment. The authors consider generic systems that express the nonlinear dynamics of a robot in terms of the robot’s highdimensional configuration space. Kinodynamic planning is treated as a motionplanning problem in a higher dimensional state
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