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11,351
A MetaAnalytic Review of Experiments Examining the Effects of Extrinsic Rewards on Intrinsic Motivation
"... A metaanalysis of 128 studies examined the effects of extrinsic rewards on intrinsic motivation. As predicted, engagementcontingent, completioncontingent, and performancecontingent rewards significantly undermined freechoice intrinsic motivation (d =0.40,0.36, and0.28, respectively), as did ..."
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Cited by 664 (18 self)
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A metaanalysis of 128 studies examined the effects of extrinsic rewards on intrinsic motivation. As predicted, engagementcontingent, completioncontingent, and performancecontingent rewards significantly undermined freechoice intrinsic motivation (d =0.40,0.36, and0.28, respectively
Surface deformation due to shear and tensile faults in a halfspace
, 1985
"... A complete set of closed analytical expressions is presented in a unified manner for the internal displacements and strains due to shear and tensile faults in a halfspace for both point and finite rectangular sources. These expressions are particularly compact and systematically composed of terms r ..."
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Cited by 727 (1 self)
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A complete set of closed analytical expressions is presented in a unified manner for the internal displacements and strains due to shear and tensile faults in a halfspace for both point and finite rectangular sources. These expressions are particularly compact and systematically composed of terms
New results in linear filtering and prediction theory
 TRANS. ASME, SER. D, J. BASIC ENG
, 1961
"... A nonlinear differential equation of the Riccati type is derived for the covariance matrix of the optimal filtering error. The solution of this "variance equation " completely specifies the optimal filter for either finite or infinite smoothing intervals and stationary or nonstationary sta ..."
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Cited by 607 (0 self)
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A nonlinear differential equation of the Riccati type is derived for the covariance matrix of the optimal filtering error. The solution of this "variance equation " completely specifies the optimal filter for either finite or infinite smoothing intervals and stationary or nonstationary
Automatically characterizing large scale program behavior
, 2002
"... Understanding program behavior is at the foundation of computer architecture and program optimization. Many programs have wildly different behavior on even the very largest of scales (over the complete execution of the program). This realization has ramifications for many architectural and compile ..."
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Cited by 778 (41 self)
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Understanding program behavior is at the foundation of computer architecture and program optimization. Many programs have wildly different behavior on even the very largest of scales (over the complete execution of the program). This realization has ramifications for many architectural and com
The particel swarm: Explosion, stability, and convergence in a multidimensional complex space
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON EVOLUTIONARY COMPUTION
"... The particle swarm is an algorithm for finding optimal regions of complex search spaces through interaction of individuals in a population of particles. Though the algorithm, which is based on a metaphor of social interaction, has been shown to perform well, researchers have not adequately explained ..."
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Cited by 852 (10 self)
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in discrete time (the algebraic view), then progresses to the view of it in continuous time (the analytical view). A 5dimensional depiction is developed, which completely describes the system. These analyses lead to a generalized model of the algorithm, containing a set of coefficients to control the system
WideArea Traffic: The Failure of Poisson Modeling
 IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING
, 1995
"... Network arrivals are often modeled as Poisson processes for analytic simplicity, even though a number of traffic studies have shown that packet interarrivals are not exponentially distributed. We evaluate 24 widearea traces, investigating a number of widearea TCP arrival processes (session and con ..."
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Cited by 1775 (24 self)
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Network arrivals are often modeled as Poisson processes for analytic simplicity, even though a number of traffic studies have shown that packet interarrivals are not exponentially distributed. We evaluate 24 widearea traces, investigating a number of widearea TCP arrival processes (session
Motivation through the Design of Work: Test of a Theory. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance,
, 1976
"... A model is proposed that specifies the conditions under which individuals will become internally motivated to perform effectively on their jobs. The model focuses on the interaction among three classes of variables: (a) the psychological states of employees that must be present for internally motiv ..."
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Cited by 622 (2 self)
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and analysis; and to Gerrit Wolf for help in analytic planning. This report was prepared in connection with research supported by the Office of Naval Research (Organizational Effectiveness Research Program,, and by the Manpower Administration, U. S. Department of Labor . Since grantees conducting research
The highly irregular firing of cortical cells is inconsistent with temporal integration of random EPSPs
 Journal of Neuroscience
, 1993
"... How random is the discharge pattern of cortical neurons? We examined recordings from primary visual cortex (Vl; Knierim and Van Essen, 1992) and extrastriate cortex (MT; Newsome et al., 1989a) of awake, behaving macaque monkey and compared them to analytical predictions. For nonbursting cells firi ..."
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Cited by 457 (11 self)
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in virtually all Vl and MT neurons was nearly consistent with a completely random process (e.g., C, = 1). We tried to model this high variability by small, independent, and random EPSPs converging onto a leaky integrateandfire neuron (Knight, 1972). Both this and related models
EIGENVALUES AND EXPANDERS
 COMBINATORICA
, 1986
"... Linear expanders have numerous applications to theoretical computer science. Here we show that a regular bipartite graph is an expander ifandonly if the second largest eigenvalue of its adjacency matrix is well separated from the first. This result, which has an analytic analogue for Riemannian mani ..."
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Cited by 400 (20 self)
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Linear expanders have numerous applications to theoretical computer science. Here we show that a regular bipartite graph is an expander ifandonly if the second largest eigenvalue of its adjacency matrix is well separated from the first. This result, which has an analytic analogue for Riemannian
Quasilocality of Projected Gibbs Measures through Analyticity Techniques
 Helv. Phys. Acta
, 1995
"... . We present two examples of projections of Gibbs measures. In the first example we prove hightemperature complete analyticity for the qstate Potts model. As a consequence we obtain complete analyticity also for the decimated Potts model. In the second example we prove quasilocality of the project ..."
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Cited by 10 (2 self)
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. We present two examples of projections of Gibbs measures. In the first example we prove hightemperature complete analyticity for the qstate Potts model. As a consequence we obtain complete analyticity also for the decimated Potts model. In the second example we prove quasilocality
Results 1  10
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11,351