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Advances in Prospect Theory: Cumulative Representation of Uncertainty
 JOURNAL OF RISK AND UNCERTAINTY, 5:297323 (1992)
, 1992
"... We develop a new version of prospect theory that employs cumulative rather than separable decision weights and extends the theory in several respects. This version, called cumulative prospect theory, applies to uncertain as well as to risky prospects with any number of outcomes, and it allows differ ..."
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Cited by 1603 (12 self)
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distinctive fourfold pattern of risk attitudes: risk aversion for gains and risk seeking for losses of high probability; risk seeking for gains and risk aversion for losses of low probability.
Estimating the Support of a HighDimensional Distribution
, 1999
"... Suppose you are given some dataset drawn from an underlying probability distribution P and you want to estimate a "simple" subset S of input space such that the probability that a test point drawn from P lies outside of S is bounded by some a priori specified between 0 and 1. We propo ..."
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Cited by 766 (29 self)
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Suppose you are given some dataset drawn from an underlying probability distribution P and you want to estimate a "simple" subset S of input space such that the probability that a test point drawn from P lies outside of S is bounded by some a priori specified between 0 and 1. We
High dimensional graphs and variable selection with the Lasso
 ANNALS OF STATISTICS
, 2006
"... The pattern of zero entries in the inverse covariance matrix of a multivariate normal distribution corresponds to conditional independence restrictions between variables. Covariance selection aims at estimating those structural zeros from data. We show that neighborhood selection with the Lasso is a ..."
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Cited by 751 (23 self)
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show that the proposed neighborhood selection scheme is consistent for sparse highdimensional graphs. Consistency hinges on the choice of the penalty parameter. The oracle value for optimal prediction does not lead to a consistent neighborhood estimate. Controlling instead the probability of falsely
SplitStream: HighBandwidth Multicast in Cooperative Environments
 SOSP '03
, 2003
"... In treebased multicast systems, a relatively small number of interior nodes carry the load of forwarding multicast messages. This works well when the interior nodes are highly available, d d cated infrastructure routers but it poses a problem for applicationlevel multicast in peertopeer systems. ..."
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Cited by 570 (17 self)
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In treebased multicast systems, a relatively small number of interior nodes carry the load of forwarding multicast messages. This works well when the interior nodes are highly available, d d cated infrastructure routers but it poses a problem for applicationlevel multicast in peertopeer systems
Optimal Aggregation Algorithms for Middleware
 IN PODS
, 2001
"... Assume that each object in a database has m grades, or scores, one for each of m attributes. For example, an object can have a color grade, that tells how red it is, and a shape grade, that tells how round it is. For each attribute, there is a sorted list, which lists each object and its grade under ..."
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Cited by 701 (4 self)
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must access every object in the database, to find its grade under each attribute. Fagin has given an algorithm (“Fagin’s Algorithm”, or FA) that is much more efficient. For some monotone aggregation functions, FA is optimal with high probability in the worst case. We analyze an elegant and remarkably
High confidence visual recognition of persons by a test of statistical independence
 IEEE Trans. on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
, 1993
"... Abstruct A method for rapid visual recognition of personal identity is described, based on the failure of a statistical test of independence. The most unique phenotypic feature visible in a person’s face is the detailed texture of each eye’s iris: An estimate of its statistical complexity in a samp ..."
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Cited by 596 (8 self)
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formally to a conditional false accept probability of one in about lo”’. Index Terms Image analysis, statistical pattern recognition, biometric identification, statistical decision theory, 2D Gabor filters, wavelets, texture analysis, morphogenesis. I.
Raptor codes
 IEEE Transactions on Information Theory
, 2006
"... LTCodes are a new class of codes introduced in [1] for the purpose of scalable and faulttolerant distribution of data over computer networks. In this paper we introduce Raptor Codes, an extension of LTCodes with linear time encoding and decoding. We will exhibit a class of universal Raptor codes: ..."
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Cited by 567 (6 self)
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: for a given integer k, and any real ε> 0, Raptor codes in this class produce a potentially infinite stream of symbols such that any subset of symbols of size k(1 + ε) is sufficient to recover the original k symbols with high probability. Each output symbol is generated using O(log(1/ε)) operations
The strength of weak learnability
 Machine Learning
, 1990
"... Abstract. This paper addresses the problem of improving the accuracy of an hypothesis output by a learning algorithm in the distributionfree (PAC) learning model. A concept class is learnable (or strongly learnable) if, given access to a Source of examples of the unknown concept, the learner with h ..."
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Cited by 861 (24 self)
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with high probability is able to output an hypothesis that is correct on all but an arbitrarily small fraction of the instances. The concept class is weakly learnable if the learner can produce an hypothesis that performs only slightly better than random guessing. In this paper, it is shown that these two
Robust Uncertainty Principles: Exact Signal Reconstruction From Highly Incomplete Frequency Information
, 2006
"... This paper considers the model problem of reconstructing an object from incomplete frequency samples. Consider a discretetime signal and a randomly chosen set of frequencies. Is it possible to reconstruct from the partial knowledge of its Fourier coefficients on the set? A typical result of this pa ..."
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Cited by 2599 (51 self)
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of this paper is as follows. Suppose that is a superposition of spikes @ Aa @ A @ A obeying @�� � A I for some constant H. We do not know the locations of the spikes nor their amplitudes. Then with probability at least I @ A, can be reconstructed exactly as the solution to the I minimization problem I aH @ A s
Distinctive Image Features from ScaleInvariant Keypoints
, 2003
"... This paper presents a method for extracting distinctive invariant features from images, which can be used to perform reliable matching between different images of an object or scene. The features are invariant to image scale and rotation, and are shown to provide robust matching across a a substa ..."
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Cited by 8809 (21 self)
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substantial range of affine distortion, addition of noise, change in 3D viewpoint, and change in illumination. The features are highly distinctive, in the sense that a single feature can be correctly matched with high probability against a large database of features from many images. This paper also
Results 1  10
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