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222,455
An introduction to hidden Markov models
 IEEE ASSp Magazine
, 1986
"... The basic theory of Markov chains has been known to ..."
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Cited by 1132 (2 self)
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The basic theory of Markov chains has been known to
The Infinite Hidden Markov Model
 Machine Learning
, 2002
"... We show that it is possible to extend hidden Markov models to have a countably infinite number of hidden states. By using the theory of Dirichlet processes we can implicitly integrate out the infinitely many transition parameters, leaving only three hyperparameters which can be learned from data. Th ..."
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Cited by 637 (41 self)
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We show that it is possible to extend hidden Markov models to have a countably infinite number of hidden states. By using the theory of Dirichlet processes we can implicitly integrate out the infinitely many transition parameters, leaving only three hyperparameters which can be learned from data
What is a hidden Markov model?
, 2004
"... Often, problems in biological sequence analysis are just a matter of putting the right label on each residue. In gene identification, we want to label nucleotides as exons, introns, or intergenic sequence. In sequence alignment, we want to associate residues in a query sequence with homologous resi ..."
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Cited by 1344 (8 self)
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, and a polyadenylation signal. All too often, piling more reality onto a fragile ad hoc program makes it collapse under its own weight. Hidden Markov models (HMMs) are a formal foundation for making probabilistic models of
Coupled hidden Markov models for complex action recognition
, 1996
"... We present algorithms for coupling and training hidden Markov models (HMMs) to model interacting processes, and demonstrate their superiority to conventional HMMs in a vision task classifying twohanded actions. HMMs are perhaps the most successful framework in perceptual computing for modeling and ..."
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Cited by 501 (22 self)
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We present algorithms for coupling and training hidden Markov models (HMMs) to model interacting processes, and demonstrate their superiority to conventional HMMs in a vision task classifying twohanded actions. HMMs are perhaps the most successful framework in perceptual computing for modeling
A tutorial on hidden Markov models and selected applications in speech recognition
 PROCEEDINGS OF THE IEEE
, 1989
"... Although initially introduced and studied in the late 1960s and early 1970s, statistical methods of Markov source or hidden Markov modeling have become increasingly popular in the last several years. There are two strong reasons why this has occurred. First the models are very rich in mathematical s ..."
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Cited by 5892 (1 self)
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Although initially introduced and studied in the late 1960s and early 1970s, statistical methods of Markov source or hidden Markov modeling have become increasingly popular in the last several years. There are two strong reasons why this has occurred. First the models are very rich in mathematical
Hidden Markov models in computational biology: applications to protein modeling
 JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
, 1994
"... Hidden.Markov Models (HMMs) are applied t.0 the problems of statistical modeling, database searching and multiple sequence alignment of protein families and protein domains. These methods are demonstrated the on globin family, the protein kinase catalytic domain, and the EFhand calcium binding moti ..."
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Cited by 655 (39 self)
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Hidden.Markov Models (HMMs) are applied t.0 the problems of statistical modeling, database searching and multiple sequence alignment of protein families and protein domains. These methods are demonstrated the on globin family, the protein kinase catalytic domain, and the EFhand calcium binding
Discriminative Training Methods for Hidden Markov Models: Theory and Experiments with Perceptron Algorithms
, 2002
"... We describe new algorithms for training tagging models, as an alternative to maximumentropy models or conditional random fields (CRFs). The algorithms rely on Viterbi decoding of training examples, combined with simple additive updates. We describe theory justifying the algorithms through a modific ..."
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Cited by 660 (13 self)
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We describe new algorithms for training tagging models, as an alternative to maximumentropy models or conditional random fields (CRFs). The algorithms rely on Viterbi decoding of training examples, combined with simple additive updates. We describe theory justifying the algorithms through a
Hidden Markov models for detecting remote protein homologies
 Bioinformatics
, 1998
"... A new hidden Markov model method (SAMT98) for nding remote homologs of protein sequences is described and evaluated. The method begins with a single target sequence and iteratively builds a hidden Markov model (hmm) from the sequence and homologs found using the hmm for database search. SAMT98 is ..."
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Cited by 462 (15 self)
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A new hidden Markov model method (SAMT98) for nding remote homologs of protein sequences is described and evaluated. The method begins with a single target sequence and iteratively builds a hidden Markov model (hmm) from the sequence and homologs found using the hmm for database search. SAMT98
A gentle tutorial on the EM algorithm and its application to parameter estimation for gaussian mixture and hidden markov models
, 1997
"... We describe the maximumlikelihood parameter estimation problem and how the Expectationform of the EM algorithm as it is often given in the literature. We then develop the EM parameter estimation procedure for two applications: 1) finding the parameters of a mixture of Gaussian densities, and 2) fi ..."
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Cited by 693 (4 self)
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) finding the parameters of a hidden Markov model (HMM) (i.e., the BaumWelch algorithm) for both discrete and Gaussian mixture observation models. We derive the update equations in fairly explicit detail but we do not prove any convergence properties. We try to emphasize intuition rather than mathematical
Segmentation of brain MR images through a hidden Markov random field model and the expectationmaximization algorithm
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MEDICAL. IMAGING
, 2001
"... The finite mixture (FM) model is the most commonly used model for statistical segmentation of brain magnetic resonance (MR) images because of its simple mathematical form and the piecewise constant nature of ideal brain MR images. However, being a histogrambased model, the FM has an intrinsic limi ..."
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Cited by 639 (15 self)
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based methods produce unreliable results. In this paper, we propose a novel hidden Markov random field (HMRF) model, which is a stochastic process generated by a MRF whose state sequence cannot be observed directly but which can be indirectly estimated through observations. Mathematically, it can be shown
Results 1  10
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222,455