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A better calculator: Processing handwritten mathematical expressions to solve problems
, 2004
"... Current methods of calculating and entering mathematical expressions on typical calculators, whether handheld or on screen, are awkward and cumbersome. Today, computers are capable of almost anything — yet GUI calculators are still imitations the very earliest electronic models! Users are being for ..."
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Current methods of calculating and entering mathematical expressions on typical calculators, whether handheld or on screen, are awkward and cumbersome. Today, computers are capable of almost anything — yet GUI calculators are still imitations the very earliest electronic models! Users are being
Typesetting Concrete Mathematics
 TUGBOAT
, 1989
"... ... tried my best to make the book mathematically interesting, but I also knew that it would be typographically interestingbecause it would be the first major use of a new typeface by Hermann Zapf, commissioned by the American Mathematical Society. This typeface, called AMS Euler, had been carefull ..."
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Cited by 661 (1 self)
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. The underlying philosophy of Zapf's Euler design was to capture the flavor of mathematics as it might be written by a mathematician with excellent handwriting. For example, one of the earmarks of AMS Euler is its zero, 'O', which is slightly pointed at the top because a handwritten zero rarely
The mathematics of infectious diseases
 SIAM Review
, 2000
"... Abstract. Many models for the spread of infectious diseases in populations have been analyzed mathematically and applied to specific diseases. Threshold theorems involving the basic reproduction number R0, the contact number σ, and the replacement number R are reviewed for the classic SIR epidemic a ..."
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Cited by 490 (4 self)
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Abstract. Many models for the spread of infectious diseases in populations have been analyzed mathematically and applied to specific diseases. Threshold theorems involving the basic reproduction number R0, the contact number σ, and the replacement number R are reviewed for the classic SIR epidemic
A new mathematical model for relative quantification in realtime RTPCR. Nucleic Acids Res
"... Use of the realtime polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to amplify cDNA products reverse transcribed from mRNA is on the way to becoming a routine tool in molecular biology to study low abundance gene expression. Realtime PCR is easy to perform, provides the necessary accuracy and produces reliable as ..."
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Cited by 1088 (4 self)
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in comparison to a reference gene transcript. Therefore, a new mathematical model is presented. The relative expression ratio is calculated only from the realtime PCR efficiencies and the crossing point deviation of an unknown sample versus a control. This model needs no calibration curve. Control levels were
Knowledgebased Analysis of Microarray Gene Expression Data By Using Support Vector Machines
, 2000
"... We introduce a method of functionally classifying genes by using gene expression data from DNA microarray hybridization experiments. The method is based on the theory of support vector machines (SVMs). SVMs are considered a supervised computer learning method because they exploit prior knowledge of ..."
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Cited by 520 (8 self)
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of gene function to identify unknown genes of similar function from expression data. SVMs avoid several problems associated with unsupervised clustering methods, such as hierarchical clustering and selforganizing maps. SVMs have many mathematical features that make them attractive for gene expression
Surface deformation due to shear and tensile faults in a halfspace
, 1985
"... A complete set of closed analytical expressions is presented in a unified manner for the internal displacements and strains due to shear and tensile faults in a halfspace for both point and finite rectangular sources. These expressions are particularly compact and systematically composed of terms r ..."
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Cited by 727 (1 self)
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representing deformations in an infinite medium, a term related to surface deformation and that is multiplied by the depth of observation point. Several practical suggestions to avoid mathematical singularities and computational instabilities are also presented. The expressions derived here represent powerful
Modeling and simulation of genetic regulatory systems: A literature review
 JOURNAL OF COMPUTATIONAL BIOLOGY
, 2002
"... In order to understand the functioning of organisms on the molecular level, we need to know which genes are expressed, when and where in the organism, and to which extent. The regulation of gene expression is achieved through genetic regulatory systems structured by networks of interactions between ..."
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Cited by 738 (14 self)
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In order to understand the functioning of organisms on the molecular level, we need to know which genes are expressed, when and where in the organism, and to which extent. The regulation of gene expression is achieved through genetic regulatory systems structured by networks of interactions between
Automatic Subspace Clustering of High Dimensional Data
 Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery
, 2005
"... Data mining applications place special requirements on clustering algorithms including: the ability to find clusters embedded in subspaces of high dimensional data, scalability, enduser comprehensibility of the results, nonpresumption of any canonical data distribution, and insensitivity to the or ..."
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Cited by 724 (12 self)
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to the order of input records. We present CLIQUE, a clustering algorithm that satisfies each of these requirements. CLIQUE identifies dense clusters in subspaces of maximum dimensionality. It generates cluster descriptions in the form of DNF expressions that are minimized for ease of comprehension. It produces
Markov Random Field Models in Computer Vision
, 1994
"... . A variety of computer vision problems can be optimally posed as Bayesian labeling in which the solution of a problem is defined as the maximum a posteriori (MAP) probability estimate of the true labeling. The posterior probability is usually derived from a prior model and a likelihood model. The l ..."
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Cited by 516 (18 self)
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. The latter relates to how data is observed and is problem domain dependent. The former depends on how various prior constraints are expressed. Markov Random Field Models (MRF) theory is a tool to encode contextual constraints into the prior probability. This paper presents a unified approach for MRF modeling
Recursive Functions of Symbolic Expressions and Their Computation by Machine, Part I
, 1960
"... this paper in L a T E Xpartly supported by ARPA (ONR) grant N000149410775 to Stanford University where John McCarthy has been since 1962. Copied with minor notational changes from CACM, April 1960. If you want the exact typography, look there. Current address, John McCarthy, Computer Science Depa ..."
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Cited by 457 (3 self)
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Department, Stanford, CA 94305, (email: jmc@cs.stanford.edu), (URL: http://wwwformal.stanford.edu/jmc/ ) by starting with the class of expressions called Sexpressions and the functions called Sfunctions. In this article, we first describe a formalism for defining functions recursively. We believe
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