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687,524
Making the most of statistical analyses: Improving interpretation and presentation
 American Journal of Political Science
, 2000
"... Social scientists rarely take full advantage of the information available in their statistical results. As a consequence, they miss opportunities to present quantities that are of greatest substantive interest for their research and express the appropriate degree of certainty about these quantities. ..."
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Cited by 550 (24 self)
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Social scientists rarely take full advantage of the information available in their statistical results. As a consequence, they miss opportunities to present quantities that are of greatest substantive interest for their research and express the appropriate degree of certainty about these quantities
Additive Logistic Regression: a Statistical View of Boosting
 Annals of Statistics
, 1998
"... Boosting (Freund & Schapire 1996, Schapire & Singer 1998) is one of the most important recent developments in classification methodology. The performance of many classification algorithms can often be dramatically improved by sequentially applying them to reweighted versions of the input dat ..."
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Cited by 1719 (25 self)
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data, and taking a weighted majority vote of the sequence of classifiers thereby produced. We show that this seemingly mysterious phenomenon can be understood in terms of well known statistical principles, namely additive modeling and maximum likelihood. For the twoclass problem, boosting can
A Systematic Comparison of Various Statistical Alignment Models
 COMPUTATIONAL LINGUISTICS
, 2003
"... ..."
High confidence visual recognition of persons by a test of statistical independence
 IEEE Trans. on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
, 1993
"... Abstruct A method for rapid visual recognition of personal identity is described, based on the failure of a statistical test of independence. The most unique phenotypic feature visible in a person’s face is the detailed texture of each eye’s iris: An estimate of its statistical complexity in a samp ..."
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Cited by 596 (8 self)
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Abstruct A method for rapid visual recognition of personal identity is described, based on the failure of a statistical test of independence. The most unique phenotypic feature visible in a person’s face is the detailed texture of each eye’s iris: An estimate of its statistical complexity in a
Exact Sampling with Coupled Markov Chains and Applications to Statistical Mechanics
, 1996
"... For many applications it is useful to sample from a finite set of objects in accordance with some particular distribution. One approach is to run an ergodic (i.e., irreducible aperiodic) Markov chain whose stationary distribution is the desired distribution on this set; after the Markov chain has ..."
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Cited by 548 (13 self)
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For many applications it is useful to sample from a finite set of objects in accordance with some particular distribution. One approach is to run an ergodic (i.e., irreducible aperiodic) Markov chain whose stationary distribution is the desired distribution on this set; after the Markov chain has run for M steps, with M sufficiently large, the distribution governing the state of the chain approximates the desired distribution. Unfortunately it can be difficult to determine how large M needs to be. We describe a simple variant of this method that determines on its own when to stop, and that outputs samples in exact accordance with the desired distribution. The method uses couplings, which have also played a role in other sampling schemes; however, rather than running the coupled chains from the present into the future, one runs from a distant point in the past up until the present, where the distance into the past that one needs to go is determined during the running of the al...
Estimating the number of clusters in a dataset via the Gap statistic
, 2000
"... We propose a method (the \Gap statistic") for estimating the number of clusters (groups) in a set of data. The technique uses the output of any clustering algorithm (e.g. kmeans or hierarchical), comparing the change in within cluster dispersion to that expected under an appropriate reference ..."
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Cited by 492 (1 self)
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We propose a method (the \Gap statistic") for estimating the number of clusters (groups) in a set of data. The technique uses the output of any clustering algorithm (e.g. kmeans or hierarchical), comparing the change in within cluster dispersion to that expected under an appropriate reference
The moderator–mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations
 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
, 1986
"... In this article, we attempt to distinguish between the properties of moderator and mediator variables at a number of levels. First, we seek to make theorists and researchers aware of the importance of not using the terms moderator and mediator interchangeably by carefully elaborating, both conceptua ..."
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Cited by 5261 (7 self)
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In this article, we attempt to distinguish between the properties of moderator and mediator variables at a number of levels. First, we seek to make theorists and researchers aware of the importance of not using the terms moderator and mediator interchangeably by carefully elaborating, both conceptually and strategically, the many ways in which moderators and mediators differ. We then go beyond this largely pedagogical function and delineate the conceptual and strategic implications of making use of such distinctions with regard to a wide range of phenomena, including control and stress, attitudes, and personality traits. We also provide a specific compendium of analytic procedures appropriate for making the most effective use of the moderator and mediator distinction, both separately and in terms of a broader causal system that includes both moderators and mediators. The purpose of this analysis is to distinguish between the properties of moderator and mediator variables in such a way as to clarify the different ways in which conceptual variables may account for differences in peoples ' behavior. Specifically, we differentiate between two oftenconfused functions of third variables: (a) the moderator function of third variables, which
Interprocedural dataflow analysis via graph reachability
, 1994
"... The paper shows how a large class of interprocedural dataflowanalysis problems can be solved precisely in polynomial time by transforming them into a special kind of graphreachability problem. The only restrictions are that the set of dataflow facts must be a finite set, and that the dataflow fun ..."
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Cited by 454 (34 self)
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The paper shows how a large class of interprocedural dataflowanalysis problems can be solved precisely in polynomial time by transforming them into a special kind of graphreachability problem. The only restrictions are that the set of dataflow facts must be a finite set, and that the dataflow
Constructing Free Energy Approximations and Generalized Belief Propagation Algorithms
 IEEE Transactions on Information Theory
, 2005
"... Important inference problems in statistical physics, computer vision, errorcorrecting coding theory, and artificial intelligence can all be reformulated as the computation of marginal probabilities on factor graphs. The belief propagation (BP) algorithm is an efficient way to solve these problems t ..."
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Cited by 586 (13 self)
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Important inference problems in statistical physics, computer vision, errorcorrecting coding theory, and artificial intelligence can all be reformulated as the computation of marginal probabilities on factor graphs. The belief propagation (BP) algorithm is an efficient way to solve these problems
Results 11  20
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687,524