### Table 7: Statistical summary for Discrepancy Discrepancy

"... In PAGE 7: ...1.4 Discrepancy Table7 shows statistical summary for discrepancy. In the remaining, this Section presents discrepancy with respect to ODC categories (Table 8), programming languages (Table 9), expertise (Figure 9), and seeded defects (Figure 10), respectively.... ..."

### Table 2: Mixed discrepancies

"... In PAGE 7: ... Table 1 shows the pure discrepancies: discrepancies that only affect one of the three information categories. Table2 shows the mixed discrepancies, where two or three of the categories are affected. Pure discrepancies are less interesting than mixed ones, as their cause can be traced to some kind of spelling or typographical error.... ..."

### Table 4: Analysis of discrepancies

2007

"... In PAGE 12: ...It can be seen in Table4 that the percentage of banks precisely classified (k = 0) with the ordered logistic model built using the entire data set is equal to about 37%, while the average number ... In PAGE 22: ...00% Average Difference Between Fitch and LAD Ratings 0.98 categories We have conducted 20 experiments (10 times 2-folding) to evaluate the robustness and extendability of the ordered logistic regression rating model ( Table4 ) and the LAD rating model (Table 10). These 20 experiments can also be used to check whether the rating discrepancy between the LAD and the Fitch ratings and that between the ordered logistic regression and the Fitch ratings differ from each other in a significant way under the assumptions that the paired differences are independent and identically normally distributed.... ..."

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### Table 4: Analysis of discrepancies

2007

"... In PAGE 13: ...It can be seen in Table4 that the percentage of banks precisely classified (k = 0) with the ordered logistic model built using the entire data set is equal to about 37%, while the average number of precise classifications on the test sets is lower, amounting to almost 31%. On the average, the difference between the actual and predicted rating categories for the banks in the data set is 1.... In PAGE 22: ...00% Average Difference Between Fitch and LAD Ratings 0.98 categories We have conducted 20 experiments (10 times 2-folding) to evaluate the robustness and extendability of the ordered logistic regression rating model ( Table4 ) and the LAD rating model (Table 10). These 20 experiments can also be used to check whether the rating discrepancy between the LAD and the Fitch ratings and that between the ordered logistic regression and the Fitch ratings differ from each other in a significant way under the assumptions that the paired differences are independent and identically normally distributed.... ..."

### Table 4: Discrepancies of patterns.

1994

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### Table 4: Discrepancies of patterns

1994

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### Table 1: The four kinds of discrepancies.

2001

"... In PAGE 3: ... For VOA: Let Oprev be the state of the previous sit- uation, A the primitive action invoked in the previous situation, Oexp the expected state after invoking A in a situation with state Oprev, and Omat the observed cur- rent state. For a particular uent F with successor state axiom we have four types of discrepancies described in Table1 . Types A and B describe the cases where the uent F is modeled to be inert (i.... ..."

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### Table 6 Discrepancies in Methodology Usage

1998

"... In PAGE 9: ... Insert Tables 5(a) and 5(b) about here Within the group of respondents using commercial formalised methodologies (23 respondents), some analysis was carried out on the two most popular commercial methodologies, SSADM (8 respondents) and Information Engineering (6 respondents). The results of this analysis are summarised in Table6 . In all but two cases, respondents stated that training in the use of the methodology had been provided.... In PAGE 9: ...hich these methodologies were applied. However, this is not supported. The minimum and maximum percentage of time allocated to different development activities in these organizations show wide discrepancies in the amount of time allocated. Insert Table6 about here 5.3 Adherence to Methodologies The study also investigated the extent to which methodologies were actually followed rigorously.... ..."

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