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SIGNAL RECOVERY BY PROXIMAL FORWARDBACKWARD SPLITTING
 MULTISCALE MODEL. SIMUL. TO APPEAR
"... We show that various inverse problems in signal recovery can be formulated as the generic problem of minimizing the sum of two convex functions with certain regularity properties. This formulation makes it possible to derive existence, uniqueness, characterization, and stability results in a unifi ..."
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Cited by 509 (24 self)
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unified and standardized fashion for a large class of apparently disparate problems. Recent results on monotone operator splitting methods are applied to establish the convergence of a forwardbackward algorithm to solve the generic problem. In turn, we recover, extend, and provide a simplified analysis
The Askeyscheme of hypergeometric orthogonal polynomials and its qanalogue
, 1998
"... We list the socalled Askeyscheme of hypergeometric orthogonal polynomials and we give a qanalogue of this scheme containing basic hypergeometric orthogonal polynomials. In chapter 1 we give the definition, the orthogonality relation, the three term recurrence relation, the second order differenti ..."
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Cited by 578 (6 self)
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differential or difference equation, the forward and backward shift operator, the Rodriguestype formula and generating functions of all classes of orthogonal polynomials in this scheme. In chapter 2 we give the limit relations between different classes of orthogonal polynomials listed in the Askey
Factor Graphs and the SumProduct Algorithm
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY
, 1998
"... A factor graph is a bipartite graph that expresses how a "global" function of many variables factors into a product of "local" functions. Factor graphs subsume many other graphical models including Bayesian networks, Markov random fields, and Tanner graphs. Following one simple c ..."
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Cited by 1791 (69 self)
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be derived as specific instances of the sumproduct algorithm, including the forward/backward algorithm, the Viterbi algorithm, the iterative "turbo" decoding algorithm, Pearl's belief propagation algorithm for Bayesian networks, the Kalman filter, and certain fast Fourier transform algorithms.
Least angle regression
, 2004
"... The purpose of model selection algorithms such as All Subsets, Forward Selection and Backward Elimination is to choose a linear model on the basis of the same set of data to which the model will be applied. Typically we have available a large collection of possible covariates from which we hope to s ..."
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Cited by 1326 (37 self)
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The purpose of model selection algorithms such as All Subsets, Forward Selection and Backward Elimination is to choose a linear model on the basis of the same set of data to which the model will be applied. Typically we have available a large collection of possible covariates from which we hope
Dealingwith forward and backward jumps inworkflowmanagement systems
"... Abstract. Workflow management systems (WfMS) offer a promising technology for the realization of processcentered application systems. A deficiency of existing WfMS is their inadequate support for dealing with exceptional deviations from the standard procedure. In the ADEPT project, therefore, we ..."
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thorized users may dynamically deviate from the premodeled workflow at runtime as well in order to deal with unforeseen events. In this paper, we focus on forward and backward jumps needed in this context. We describe sophisticated modeling concepts for capturing deviations in workflow models already
The design of Postgres
 In Proceedings of the SIGMOD Conference
, 1986
"... This paper presents the preliminary design of a new database management system, called POSTGRES, that is the successor to the INGRES relational database system. The main design goals of the new system are to: 1) provide better support for complex objects, 2) provide user extendibility for data types ..."
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Cited by 431 (23 self)
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types, operators and access methods, 3) provide facilities for active databases (i.e., alerters and triggers) and inferencing including forward and backwardchaining, 4) simplify the DBMS code for crash recovery, 5) produce a design that can take advantage of optical disks, workstations composed
The Determinants of Credit Spread Changes.
 Journal of Finance
, 2001
"... ABSTRACT Using dealer's quotes and transactions prices on straight industrial bonds, we investigate the determinants of credit spread changes. Variables that should in theory determine credit spread changes have rather limited explanatory power. Further, the residuals from this regression are ..."
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Cited by 422 (2 self)
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approach the problem using a forwardlooking measure. In particular, we employ changes in the slope of the "smirk" of implied volatilities of options on S&P 500 futures to determine perceived changes in the probability of such jumps. Options and futures prices were obtained from Bridge. Our
Optimal paths for a car that goes both forwards and backwards
 PACIFIC JOURNAL OF MATHEMATICS
, 1990
"... The path taken by a car with a given minimum turning radius has a lower bound on its radius of curvature at each point, but the path has cusps if the car shifts into or out of reverse gear. What is the shortest such path a car can travel between two points if its starting and ending directions are s ..."
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Cited by 279 (0 self)
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The path taken by a car with a given minimum turning radius has a lower bound on its radius of curvature at each point, but the path has cusps if the car shifts into or out of reverse gear. What is the shortest such path a car can travel between two points if its starting and ending directions are specified? One need consider only paths with at most 2 cusps or reversals. We give a set of paths which is sufficient in the sense that it always contains a shortest path and small in the sense that there are at most 68, but usually many fewer paths in the set for any pair of endpoints and directions. We give these paths by explicit formula. Calculating the length of each of these paths and selecting the (not necessarily unique) path with smallest length yields a simple algorithm for a shortest path in each case. These optimal paths or geodesies may be described as follows: If C is an arc of a circle of the minimal turning radius and S is a line segment, then it is sufficient to consider only certain paths of the form CCSCC where arcs and segments fit smoothly, one or more of the arcs or segments may vanish, and where reversals, or equivalently cusps, between arcs or segments are allowed. This contrasts with the case when cusps are not allowed, where Dubins (1957) has shown that paths of the form CCC and CSC suffice.
Solving ForwardBackward Stochastic Differential Equations Explicitly – a Four Step Scheme
 Prob. Th. Rel. Fields
, 1994
"... Abstract. The problem of nding adapted solutions to systems of coupled linear forwardbackward stochastic di erential equations (FBSDEs, for short) is investigated. A necessary condition of solvability leads to a reduction of general linear FBSDEs to a special one. By some ideas from controllability ..."
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Cited by 243 (19 self)
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is derived using the idea of the FourStepScheme (introduced in [11] for general FBSDEs). The solvability of such a Riccati type equation is studied which leads to a representation of adapted solutions to linear FBSDEs. Keywords. Linear forwardbackward stochastic di erential equations, adapted solution
The Hierarchical Hidden Markov Model: Analysis and Applications
 MACHINE LEARNING
, 1998
"... . We introduce, analyze and demonstrate a recursive hierarchical generalization of the widely used hidden Markov models, which we name Hierarchical Hidden Markov Models (HHMM). Our model is motivated by the complex multiscale structure which appears in many natural sequences, particularly in langua ..."
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Cited by 326 (3 self)
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in language, handwriting and speech. We seek a systematic unsupervised approach to the modeling of such structures. By extendingthe standard forwardbackward(BaumWelch) algorithm, we derive an efficient procedure for estimating the model parameters from unlabeled data. We then use the trained model
Results 1  10
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6,587