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A Theory of Diagnosis from First Principles
 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
, 1987
"... Suppose one is given a description of a system, together with an observation of the system's behaviour which conflicts with the way the system is meant to behave. The diagnostic problem is to determine those components of the system which, when assumed to be functioning abnormally, will explain ..."
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Cited by 1117 (5 self)
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, will explain the discrepancy between the observed and correct system behaviour. We propose a general theory for this problem. The theory requires only that the system be described in a suitable logic. Moreover, there are many such suitable logics, e.g. firstorder, temporal, dynamic, etc. As a result
An introduction to Kolmogorov Complexity and its Applications: Preface to the First Edition
, 1997
"... This document has been prepared using the L a T E X system. We thank Donald Knuth for T E X, Leslie Lamport for L a T E X, and Jan van der Steen at CWI for online help. Some figures were prepared by John Tromp using the xpic program. The London Mathematical Society kindly gave permission to reproduc ..."
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Cited by 2143 (120 self)
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This document has been prepared using the L a T E X system. We thank Donald Knuth for T E X, Leslie Lamport for L a T E X, and Jan van der Steen at CWI for online help. Some figures were prepared by John Tromp using the xpic program. The London Mathematical Society kindly gave permission
Ontology Development 101: A Guide to Creating Your First Ontology
, 2001
"... In recent years the development of ontologies—explicit formal specifications of the terms in the domain and relations among them (Gruber 1993)—has been moving from the realm of ArtificialIntelligence laboratories to the desktops of domain experts. Ontologies have become common on the WorldWide Web ..."
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Cited by 806 (5 self)
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Wide Web. The ontologies on the Web range from large taxonomies categorizing Web sites (such as on Yahoo!) to categorizations of products for sale and their features (such as on Amazon.com). The WWW Consortium (W3C) is developing the Resource Description Framework (Brickley and Guha 1999), a language
Ktheory for operator algebras
 Mathematical Sciences Research Institute Publications
, 1998
"... p. XII line5: since p. 12: I blew this simple formula: should be α = −〈ξ, η〉/〈η, η〉. p. 2 I.1.1.4: The RieszFischer Theorem is often stated this way today, but neither Riesz nor Fischer (who worked independently) phrased it in terms of completeness of the orthogonal system {e int}. If [a, b] is a ..."
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Cited by 559 (0 self)
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] is a bounded interval in R, in modern language the original statement of the theorem was that L 2 ([a, b]) is complete and abstractly isomorphic to l 2. According to [Jah03, p. 385], the name “Hilbert space ” was first used in 1908 by A. Schönflies, apparently to refer to what we today call l 2. Von
Grounding in communication
 In
, 1991
"... We give a general analysis of a class of pairs of positive selfadjoint operators A and B for which A + XB has a limit (in strong resolvent sense) as h10 which is an operator A, # A! Recently, Klauder [4] has discussed the following example: Let A be the operator(d2/A2) + x2 on L2(R, dx) and let ..."
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Cited by 1082 (19 self)
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, which Klauder ignores, below). He finds that the eigenvalues E,(X) and eigenvectors &(A) do not converge to 8, and H, but rather AO) + (en 4 Ho+, J%(X)+ gn+1 I n = 0, 2,..., We wish to discuss in detail the general phenomena which Klauder has uncovered. We freely use the techniques of quadratic
2005 MAFFT version 5: improvement in accuracy of multiple sequence alignment. Nucleic Acids Res
"... The accuracy of multiple sequence alignment program MAFFT has been improved. The new version (5.3) of MAFFT offers new iterative refinement options, HINSi, FINSi and GINSi, in which pairwise alignment information are incorporated into objective function. These new options of MAFFT showed hig ..."
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Cited by 788 (5 self)
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the effect of the number of homologues included in an alignment. For a multiple alignment consisting of 8 sequences with low similarity, the accuracy was improved (2–10 percentage points) when the sequences were aligned together with dozens of their close homologues (Evalue, 105–1020) collected from a
The Semantics Of Constraint Logic Programs
 JOURNAL OF LOGIC PROGRAMMING
, 1996
"... This paper presents for the first time the semantic foundations of CLP in a selfcontained and complete package. The main contributions are threefold. First, we extend the original conference paper by presenting definitions and basic semantic constructs from first principles, giving new and comp ..."
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Cited by 872 (14 self)
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This paper presents for the first time the semantic foundations of CLP in a selfcontained and complete package. The main contributions are threefold. First, we extend the original conference paper by presenting definitions and basic semantic constructs from first principles, giving new
The Perceptron: A Probabilistic Model for Information Storage and Organization in The Brain
 Psychological Review
, 1958
"... If we are eventually to understand the capability of higher organisms for perceptual recognition, generalization, recall, and thinking, we must first have answers to three fundamental questions: 1. How is information about the physical world sensed, or detected, by the biological system? 2. In what ..."
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Cited by 1143 (0 self)
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If we are eventually to understand the capability of higher organisms for perceptual recognition, generalization, recall, and thinking, we must first have answers to three fundamental questions: 1. How is information about the physical world sensed, or detected, by the biological system? 2. In what
SNOPT: An SQP Algorithm For LargeScale Constrained Optimization
, 2002
"... Sequential quadratic programming (SQP) methods have proved highly effective for solving constrained optimization problems with smooth nonlinear functions in the objective and constraints. Here we consider problems with general inequality constraints (linear and nonlinear). We assume that first deriv ..."
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Cited by 582 (23 self)
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Sequential quadratic programming (SQP) methods have proved highly effective for solving constrained optimization problems with smooth nonlinear functions in the objective and constraints. Here we consider problems with general inequality constraints (linear and nonlinear). We assume that first
Realtime american sign language recognition using desk and wearable computer based video
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE
, 1998
"... We present two realtime hidden Markov modelbased systems for recognizing sentencelevel continuous American Sign Language (ASL) using a single camera to track the user’s unadorned hands. The first system observes the user from a desk mounted camera and achieves 92 percent word accuracy. The secon ..."
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Cited by 620 (26 self)
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We present two realtime hidden Markov modelbased systems for recognizing sentencelevel continuous American Sign Language (ASL) using a single camera to track the user’s unadorned hands. The first system observes the user from a desk mounted camera and achieves 92 percent word accuracy
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